Wetlands Ecology and Management

Hydrographic Status of Sundarbans Mangrove, Bangladesh with Special Reference to Post-larvae and Juveniles Fish and Shrimp Abundance

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Courtesy of Wetlands Ecology and Management

Abstract 
Environmental factors, including water parameters were correlated with assemblages of shell and finfish post-larvae and juveniles in the 5 rivers of Sundarbans mangrove for 2 years, located in the south-west of Bangladesh. Fifteen species of shellfish belonging to 6 families and 37 species of finfish belonging to 27 families were recorded. Four species of shrimp (Metapenaeus monoceros, M. brevicornis, Macrobrachium villosimanus and Acetes spp.) and megalopa of crabs (79.3–96.83%), and 4 species of finfish (Panchax melastigma, Liza parsia, L. tade and Gobidae) (40–76%) were the most abundant species. Significant (p<0.05) inter-month variations in temperature, transparency and chlorophyll-a; inter-month and inter-river variations in salinity, conductivity and TDS were observed in the Sundarbans water. Ordination on correlation coefficients between temperature and salinity with the abundance of dominant species showed that Acetes spp. and Gobidae were abundant in high salinity and high temperature areas; Stolephorus tri in low salinity and high temperature areas; Macrobrachiun villosimanus, Leiognathus spp. and Liza tade in low salinity and low temperature areas, however, other species showed variations among 2 years of study. Out of 7 dominant shellfishes, 4 species showed positive correlation to temperature, pH and TDS; 3 species to salinity, transparency, conductivity and chlorophyll-a in the river water. Among 8 dominant fish species, 4 species were found to positively correlate with temperature and pH; 3 with salinity, conductivity and chlorophyll-a; 6 with transparency and 5 species showed positive correlation to TDS in Sundarbans water. Abundance of Penaeus monodon also showed positive correlation to observed water parameters except chlorophyll-a.

Keywords: Hydrology - Post-larvae - Shell and finfish - Sundarbans mangrove

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