Keywords: waterborne diseases, water pollution, human health, drinking water quality, Punjab, fluoride, India, TDS, turbidity, total dissolved solids, groundwater pollution, rural areas, education, income
Impact and extent of ground water pollution: a case study of rural area in Punjab State (India)
Pollution has affected not only the natural resources of the planet but ground water also. Present paper is emphasised on study to assess the drinking water quality and its impacts on human health in the rural area of a region in Punjab (India). Samples of ground water from five villages have been tested and it has been found that 65% of samples have excessive fluoride, 100% have excessive turbidity, and 55% have excessive total dissolved solids (TDS). A survey has been conducted to assess the impact of drinking water quality; 300 persons participated in the survey from these five villages. Premature greying of hair, hair fall, typhoid, yellowish teeth, joint pain, diarrhoea, constipation were major diseases prevailing in the region. 88% respondents were found aware about the situation. Significant association has been found between education-awareness and income-awareness using chi square test at 5% level of significance.