Keywords: induction generators, distributed static synchronous compensators, DSTATCOM, dynamic reactive power compensation, static var compensators, wind generators, wind power, wind energy, reactive compensation, voltage regulation, wind farms
Impacts of dynamic reactive power compensation devices on the performance of wind power generators
This paper investigates the main impacts of dynamic reactive power compensation devices on the performance of induction machine-based wind power generators. The dynamic reactive power compensation devices analysed are the SVC (Static Var Compensator) and the DSTATCOM (Distributed Static Synchronous Compensator). The usage of these devices as a power factor regulator or a voltage regulator is investigated. The technical factors analysed are small-signal voltage stability, transient stability and interactions with the anti-islanding protection system. The analyses are carried out by using a wind farm composed of 30 units of 1 MW induction generators. Such wind farm is connected to a 60 Hz, 33 kV distribution system. The results are a useful guideline to evaluate which control strategy and device are suitable for a determined application as well as to understand the dynamic interactions that can occur.