In Situ Remediation of PCE at a Site With Clayey Lithology and a Significant Smear Zone

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Groundwater at the former Serry’s Dry Cleaning site in Corvallis, Oregon, was impacted by chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs). The primary CVOCs impacting the site include tetrachloroethene, trichloroethene, dichloroethene, and vinyl chloride, which were detected at concentrations up to 22,000, 1,700, 3,100, and 7 μg/L, respectively, prior to treatment. Large seasonal fluctuations in groundwater CVOC concentrations indicated that a significant fraction of the CVOC mass was present in the smear zone. Field-scale pilot tests were performed for the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality’s Dry Cleaner Program to evaluate the performance of EHC® in situ chemical reduction (ISCR) technology. The pilot study involved evaluating field performance and physical distribution into low-permeability soil using basic Geoprobe® injection tooling. The testing results confirmed that bioremediation enhanced by ISCR supported long-term treatment at the site. This article describes the implementation and results of the tests. Performance data are available from a three-year period following the injections, allowing for a discussion about sustained performance and reagent longevity.

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