Green building (also known as green construction or sustainable building) refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building’s life-cycle: from sitting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. This requires close cooperation of the design team, the architects, the engineers, and the client at all project stages. The green building practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and comfort. Green building practices aim to reduce the environmental impact of buildings, and the very first rule is, do not build in sprawl (spreading in disordered fashion). According to the National Resources Inventory, approximately 107 million acres (430,000 km
) of land in the USA are developed. The International Energy Agency released a publication that estimated that existing buildings are responsible for more than 40% of the world’s total primary energy consumption and for 24% of global carbon dioxide emissions. This paper mainly focuses on the basic concept of green building and gives us an idea about how energy efficiency can be improved by the use of green building technology.
Keywords: prescriptive, aquifer, fixtures, VOC, IAQ, EPA, green building, renewable energy, India