Illustrative explanation of the current development and future projection of the palm oil industry in Indonesia. The author and his team is offering investment opportunities in oil palm plantation in Indonesia. Services include comprehensive planning and budgeting that include master plan, estate design, annual budget, monthly progress and financial reporting system, development project management, land bank, land acquisition and compensation to local inhabitants, establishment of smallholder association or cooperative, RSPO and ISPO compliance systems, plantation management in general, project monitoring and evaluation, and plantation management improvement program.
Techniques for Soot in Oil Analysis
Since no engine is 100% efficient, products other than carbon dioxide and water willbe formed during combustion. One such product produced from incomplete combustionis soot. Soot is a mass of mainly carbon particles that are typically spherical in shape.As soot levels rise, the soot particles begin to clump together and become more dangerous. The soot levels will continue to increase and the particles clump togetheruntil it reaches a level great enough to precipitate out of the oil. This precipitation will both...
Using Spectroscopy for Used Oil Analysis
Evaluating the wear condition of equipment is a primary requirement of conditionmonitoringprograms. Oil wetted equipment will generate wear particles throughoutits lifetime, the nature and rate of the wear varies from initial break in through to endof life seizure. The technique employed to detect wear and its severity is spectroscopy. Spectroscopy is a technique for detecting and quantifying the presence of elementsin a material. Spectroscopy utilizes the fact that each element has a unique atomicstructure. When...
E-guide for Measuring TAN and TBN in Oil
Monitoring TAN and TBN is an important test for measuring lubricant condition. There are several methods available ranging from expensive laboratory methods to quick field tests. In a laboratory setting, methods are chosen based on the highest accuracy and repeatability that can be achieved with a decent throughput. Out in the field, it is most important to get a trustworthy result quickly enough that preventative or corrective maintenance action can be taken before major equipment failure. The best method to use...
E-Guide Measuring Oil Viscosity
The most important physical property of a lubricating oil is viscosity. Viscosity determines the loadcarrying ability of the oil as well as how easily it circulates. The correct balance between highviscosity for load carrying and low viscosity for ease of circulation must be considered for anylubricant and its application. Oil provides benefits in addition to lubrication, and it is vital that itbe able to flow under all conditions. When in use, contaminants such as water, fuel entering theoil, oxidation, and soot...
Guide to Measuring Particles in Oil
Particle counting is a critical aspect of any machine conditioning program and there are many tools out there available to monitor and track the quantity and severity of the contamination, be it due to external contamination or machine wear. The specific application and type of particles will often govern what is the best particle counting technique for the job at hand. The continuous cleanliness of a hydraulic system, for instance, is very critical and even very low levels of dirt ingress can clog actuators...