Illustrative explanation of the current development and future projection of the palm oil industry in Indonesia. The author and his team is offering investment opportunities in oil palm plantation in Indonesia. Services include comprehensive planning and budgeting that include master plan, estate design, annual budget, monthly progress and financial reporting system, development project management, land bank, land acquisition and compensation to local inhabitants, establishment of smallholder association or cooperative, RSPO and ISPO compliance systems, plantation management in general, project monitoring and evaluation, and plantation management improvement program.
Monitoring hydrocarbons in Bilge water - Case study
The Situation Various processes onboard ships, such as machinery wash-down, maintenance, and leakage, generate oily wastewater. This contaminated water flow collects in the bilge of the ship. Marine diesel, lubricating oils, grease, as well as other contaminants may be present in bilge water. The bilge water is discharged overboard, with oil and grease concentrations in the discharged water limited by national and international regulations.In the United States territorial waters, the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)...
Monitoring once through cooling water - Case study
The Situation Power plants and paper mills use service water loops and mill water loops respectively for the cooling of lubricating, hydraulic, turbine and transformer oil. These cooling systems feature large, recirculating volumes of water which are treated with biocides, dispersants, and corrosion inhibitors. By comparison, refineries often useoncethroughcooling water systems. The cooling water is taken from lakes, rivers, or the ocean and circulated once through the plant to cool processes. Large volumes of...
Oil Sampling Best Practices (Part 2)
Understanding Dynamic Particle Equilibrium in Closed Loop Systems Dynamic Equilibrium Condition (DEC) is defined as a steady state condition where the normal wear rate in a machine results in no net gain or loss of particles. Knowing what that level is in any lubrication system is necessary in order to detect departures from this level as a result of an abnormality. At equilibrium operating conditions, the rate of wear particle generation is constant. Under the same conditions, the particle eparation and removal...
Oil Sampling Best Practices
Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These access sampling points make it easier for operators to quickly and easily take representative oil samples. Where to sample from a closed loop The best primary location to monitor in a closed...
World Oil: Method proves itself for field monitoring of asphaltene treatment programs
Asphaltene deposition is a serious concern for operators, particularly in deepwater subsea systems, due to the immense capital costs of these developments; expense and challenges in performing remediation operations; and the potential for staggering amounts of lost or deferred production.Consequently, it is imperative that asphaltene concerns are evaluated thoroughly for new deepwater subsea systems, prior to field development. If deposition concerns exist, effective asphaltene management programs must be developed...