Keywords: industrial pollution projection system, IPPS, pollution intensity, international standard industrial classification, ISIC, employment, water poverty, pollution load, Egypt, industrialisation, economic development, environmental impact, environmental damage, water pollution, water quality, water shortage, environmental pollution
Industrial development and the trade-off to environment: measurement techniques, meanings and outcomes in the context of water poverty in Egypt
Industrialisation is one of the main pillars of economic development but it is usually associated with significantly negative impacts on the environment. Environmental damage impedes development efforts; destroys resources; especially water; and redirects government objectives towards reducing pollutants emission. This study aims to estimate the pollution load for the industrial sectors in Egypt using industrial pollution projection system (IPPS), with respect to employment. These projections are based on the four-digit levels in the international standard industrial classification (ISIC). The purpose of such estimation is to provide an assessment to quantify the effects of the industrial pollution in Egypt, to guide the regulatory framework with information to prioritise its monitoring efforts, and more efficient managing of resources. It also addresses the potential consequences of industrial pollution on water poverty.