Keywords: Chinese coal mines, coal mining, mine safety, safety regulations, supervision system, deaths per million tonnes of coal, China, mortality rate, small mines
Influence factors of effects of Chinese coal mine safety regulations in different stages
Through measuring the effects of coal mine safety regulations in what we have termed the recovering stage, the advancing stage with exploration, and the gradually stable stage, the different effects and their reasons are analysed and explained for the years 1980–2010. The study indicates that coal mine safety management began to recover from 1980–1990. However the death rate was stubbornly high. The implementation of safety regulations during the advancing stage reduced the incidence of mortality. However, the government policy in China became more focused on economic development, and the shortfall in energy fuel production resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of small coal mines. After 2000, the supervision system gradually stabilised and the regulations were improved, significantly reducing the mortality rate. By 2010, the mortality rate was China's lowest for 30 years. So a complete, stable supervision system is required for regulations to be implemented effectively.