John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Influence of water quality on zinc toxicity to the florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) and sensitivity of freshwater snails to zinc

0
- By: ,

Courtesy of John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

The present study characterized the influence of water quality characteristics on zinc (Zn) toxicity to the Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) and the sensitivity of freshwater snails to Zn. Standard 96‐h renewal acute toxicity tests were conducted with Zn and juvenile P. paludosa under three each conditions of pH and alkalinity, water hardness, and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). Median lethal effect concentrations (96‐h LC50s), no observed effect concentration (NOEC), lowest observed effect concentration (LOEC), LC10, and LC20 were determined for each test. Results of the present study showed that Zn toxicity to P. paludosa decreased linearly with increasing hardness, pH and DOC. A multiple linear regression model based on pH, hardness, and DOC was able to explain 99% of the observed variability in LC50s. These results are useful for development of a Biotic Ligand Model (BLM) for P. paludosa and Zn. Zinc acute toxicity data were collected from the literature for 12 freshwater snail species in a wide range of water quality characteristics for species sensitivity distribution analysis. The results showed P. paludosa is the second most sensitive to Zn. The present study also suggested that aqueous ZnCO3 and ZnHCO3‐ can be bioavailable to P. paludosa. Therefore, bioavailability models (e.g., BLM) should take these Zn species into consideration for bioavailability when applied to snails. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Customer comments

No comments were found for Influence of water quality on zinc toxicity to the florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) and sensitivity of freshwater snails to zinc. Be the first to comment!