Integration of Watershed Planning and Wellhead Protection Programs

For communities using groundwater as the primary source of water supply, delineating, managing, and protecting the wellhead recharge area is essential to assuring a sustainable water resource system. Because many communities are also required to obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit for discharges from municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s), delineating the relevant watershed and preparing a plan to manage stormwater runoff could be needed for permit compliance. If a community has a need for both wellhead protection and watershed management plans, consideration should be given to integrate these programs. Integration offers the opportunity to improve overall effectiveness, save costs, and to avoid overlap. To assist with evaluating the opportunities for integration, this poster paper provides a comparison of wellhead protection elements and MS4 stormwater permit requirements. Common elements of the two programs will be identified and differences will be presented.

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