The IEA agreement that focused on bioenergy included 13 activities—for example, biomass production for energy from sustainable forestry and pyrolysis of biomass. McFarlane focused on Task 39: “commercializing first-and second-generation liquid biofuels.” Task members included many countries from the EU as well as Canada, the United States, Japan, and others. Two examples of the seven task outputs include the development of biofuel policies and markets.
McFarlane used the United States as an example of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and an ambitious biofuels timeline that would have biofuels displace 30% of US gas consumption by 2030. “Not every country can afford to do particular technological research,” he said. Once the technology is developed, it can be diffused.