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Sanitation provision in Johannesburg-Ekurhuleni (South Africa’s largest metropolis) is good by comparison with most cities in sub-Saharan Africa, in line with South Africa’s relatively high per-capita GNP: most people have access to a hygienic toilet, and most sewage is treated before discharge to the environment in a controlled manner. However, a disadvantaged minority of the city’s population (about 10%, possibly more) still lacks adequate sanitation; these are mostly black Africans living in low-income townships and informal settlements. This article briefly summarizes the current sanitation situation in Johannesburg-Ekurhuleni.

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