absorption spectroscopy Articles

  • Surface reaction and transport kinetics of hydrogen through palladium-based membranes under gas co-existing with hydrogen atmospheres

    In order to understand how gas co-existing with hydrogen affects the hydrogen permeability of a silver 23wt%-palladium membrane, the surface reaction of hydrogen was evaluated from the continuity of the surface reaction rate and the bulk diffusion flux of hydrogen based on the results of hydrogen-permeation measurements. The interference effect of the co-existing species was quantified as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Determination of macro, micro nutrient and trace element concentrations in Indian medicinal plants using instrumental neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectroscopy techniques

    Specific parts (fruits and seeds) of different medicinal plants often used in Indian Ayurvedic system were analysed for 18 elements (K, Mn, Na, Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Br, Sm, Cl, La, Al, Cr, Ca Cd, Ni, Pb and Hg) by employing instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) techniques. The samples were irradiated with thermal neutrons in a nuclear reactor and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of novel integrated bio/chemical sensor systems using chalcogenide glass materials

    This paper reviews ongoing progress in the design and fabrication of new, on-chip, low loss planar molecular sensors. We report the details of device design, material selection and manufacturing processes used to realise high-index-contrast (HIC), compact micro-disk resonators. These structures have been fabricated in thermally evaporated As- and Ge-based chalcogenide glass films with PDMS ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of surface complexation models to anion adsorption by natural materials

    Various chemical models of ion adsorption will be presented and discussed. Chemical models, such as surface complexation models, provide a molecular description of anion adsorption reactions using an equilibrium approach. Two such models, the constant capacitance model and the triple layer model will be described. Characteristics common to all the surface complexation models are equilibrium ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Room temperature, water-based, microreactor synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles

    Synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles at room temperature using a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microreactor has been reported. The reactions have been performed using aqueous metal salt solutions and borohydride reducing agent with tri-sodium citrate as the capping agent. Effect of concentration of reducing agent on the optical properties of the nanoparticles has been investigated. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nanoparticles and nanowires: synchrotron spectroscopy studies

    This paper reviews the research in nanomaterials conducted in our laboratory in the last decade using conventional and synchrotron radiation techniques. While preparative and conventional characterisation techniques are described, emphasis is placed on the analysis of nanomaterials using synchrotron radiation. Materials of primary interests are metal nanoparticles and semiconductor nanowires and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The speciation of silver nanoparticles in antimicrobial fabric before and after exposure to a Hypochlorite/Detergent solution

    Because of their antibacterial properties, silver nanoparticles are often used in consumer products. To assess environmental and/or human health risks from these nanoparticles, there is a need to identify the chemical transformations that silver nanoparticles undergo in different environments. Thus an antimicrobial sock material containing Ag nanoparticles was examined by X-ray absorption ...

  • On-line measurements of flue gas concentrations of cadmium and lead in a co-combustion in a fluidized bed boiler

    ABSTRACT The operation of a new on-line toxic metal analyser was demonstrated in connection to a pilot-scale bubbling fluidised bed boiler during co-combustion tests of biomass and waste fuels. The analyser comprises a novel continuous sampling device combined with DC-plasma excited atomic absorption spectroscopy and Zeeman background correction. A continuous sample gas flow is ...

  • INAA and AAS study of essential trace elements in ayurvedic Indian medicinal plants

    Specific parts (leaves and fruits) of different medicinal plants often used in Indian ayurvedic system were analysed for 18 elements (K, Mn, Na, Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Br, Sm, Cl, La, Al, Cr, Ca Cd, Ni, Pb and Hg) by employing instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) techniques. The samples were irradiated with thermal neutrons in a nuclear reactor and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of Whole Blood for Trace Lead (Pb) by Graphite Furnace AAS

    Toxic effects from heavy metals (Pb, As, Se, Cd, Bi, Sn, Tl, and Hg) have been characterized in medical literature for decades. Originally, complex extractions were performed to isolate the poisonous components from the complex biological matrices: blood, serum, urine and tissues. Recently, optical emission and atomic absorption spectroscopy techniques were developed to determine these toxic ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Comparison of atomic absorption and fluorescence spectroscopic methods for the routine determination of urinary arsenic

    Objective: Interpretation of urinary arsenic measurements is sometimes difficult because of the absorption of seafood that contains trimethylated arsenic forms (arsenobetaine and arsenocholine). The objective of this study was to develop a rapid and robust technique for the measurement of the sum of inorganic arsenic metabolites. Methods: Measurement of arsenic was performed in urine after ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • Characterisation of the recalcitrant organic compounds in leachates formed during the anaerobic biodegradation of waste

    This study investigates the use of UV absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy to assess the early development of recalcitrant organic compounds in leachates formed during the anaerobic biodegradation of municipal solid waste. Biochemical methane potential tests were carried out on fresh waste (FW) and composted waste (CW) over a period of 150 days and leachates produced from the degradation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low level moisture measurement in Natural gas using a Lunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (tdlas) based laser case study

    Introduction The measurement of water vapor in natural gas has long been of industrial importance, and has been addressed by a variety of analytical techniques over the years. Chief among these techniques has been the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) based analyzers. The QCM technology is still the workhorse for production and pipeline applications, and the technique is considered by most ...


    By AMETEK Process Instruments

  • Indirect Determination of Gold Purity by Measurement of Impurities with Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy

    The determination of the purity of scrap and refined gold is a very important procedure for the financial markets, the jewelry business and the electronics industry. Over the years, the classical fire assay technique has been used for gold determination but this is a very labor-intensive procedure, and prone to many operator errors. Hundreds of books have been written with special steps and ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Silver nanoparticles embedded three dimensional silicate sol–gel matrix modified electrode for nitrite sensor application

    A simple amperometric sensor was fabricated by using silver nanoparticles (Agnps) embedded three dimensional silicate sol–gel (SG) matrix (SG–Agnps). The silver nanoparticles stabilised by SH functionalised 3–D silicate sol–gel network was coated on the glassy carbon electrode and used for the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol A as an endocrine disruptor in aqueous suspension using Ag-TiO2 catalysts

    A novel photocatalyst, titanium dioxide (TiO2) deposited with silver (Ag), was prepared by an ultrasonic-assisted sol–gel method and studied for the photocatalytic degradation of endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) under UV illumination, in order to determine its photocatalytic properties. A series of Ag-TiO2 catalysts prepared with different ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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