accident investigation Articles

  • Accident investigations: trends, paradoxes and opportunities

    During the last decade, accident investigations have gained much attention due to the fact that all over the world major accidents have occurred. Especially, the transportation industry has suffered severe accidents in which many lives have been lost and public debate has been continued long after the accidents occurred. This contribution describes some observations, trends and paradoxes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role of complexity in accident investigation practice

    This paper explores accident investigation by using a system theoretical view to study the role of complexity in accident investigation practices within the aviation industry. In recent years, the aviation transport system has become increasingly complex due to increased air traffic, deregulation, globalisation of markets and the introduction of supranational rules and regulations. Furthermore, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Investigation of an LPG accident with different mathematical model applications

    An LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) storage accident was reconstructed through several simulation models, with the aims of the reported and filmed effects and damage. The accident happened in Paese, near Treviso (Italy) in March 1996 and was characterised by complex phenomena due to a choked release of LPG from a tanker. There was a dispersion of light winds and, after about 40 minutes, a flash-fire ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A study of burnout in accident investigators in the US mining industry

    The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was administered and scored for 154 Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) employees from the US Department of Labour. These employees serve as accident investigators for serious accidents and fatalities as part of their job duties. During a workshop on stress designed for them, subjects volunteered anonymous written anecdotes, confirming and illustrating ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Framework for the use of official occupational accident investigations as a learning tool: analysis of a public programme for accident investigation in the manufacturing sector

    Accident investigation is a useful tool for safety science. The use of accident investigation as a learning tool at the macro level necessitates specific requirements quite different from the usual needs at the company level. A proper codification system and information on the accident scenarios are needed to let safety practitioners identify if the information is useful for the organisations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Experimental investigation of the late phase of spent fuel pool accidents

    Experimental programmes have been carried out in order to investigate the behaviour of nuclear fuel components in high-temperature air atmosphere, which characterises the main conditions of the late phase of spent fuel pool accidents. The tests provided new data on the oxidation of zirconium cladding in different atmospheres, on the oxidation and release of ruthenium from fuel pellets and on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Major accidents – dealing with the consequences

    The history of accident investigation in the transport sector is outlined briefly, focusing on the development of the precautionary principle and new safety design principles. The distinction between juridical inquiries and accident investigation is highlighted, with the aviation sector as example. The main part concerns several major accidents in The Netherlands and Scandinavia that have ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Washington Watch -- The Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board: Thinking Strategically in Investigating (and Preventing) Chemical Accidents

    (From the Winter 2006 issue of Environmental Quality Management) Chemical accidents are always unwanted, and almost always the subject of considerable media attention and public scrutiny. Investigating the causes of chemical accidents is not an easy task, nor is the job of communicating the results of such investigations. Given the significant importance of the mission and day-to-day work of the ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • NTSB Investigates

    An independent U.S. government agency uses everything at its disposal, including ASTM standards, to determine the causes of transportation and pipeline accidents. An airplane battery catches on fire. A gas pipeline explodes. A bridge collapses. When incidents like ...


    By ASTM International

  • Case study - Use of the Nor848A acoustic camera on wind turbines

    The acoustic camera system Nor848 is a powerful tool to investigate noise sources. In realtime you listen to a beamformed audio signal so that you can hear individual sources one by one. Immediately you can identify the strongest over all noise source in a multisource environment, and you can do the same analysis for single frequencies, 1/3 or 1/1 octave bands or any given frequency range. This ...


    By Norsonic AS

  • Assessment of severe accident risks in the Chinese coal chain

    Severe accident risks in China's coal chain were investigated in detail based on extensive statistics using Chinese sources that were not open until recently. Every year about 6000 fatalities occur in Chinese coal mines; about one third due to severe (≥ five fatalities) accidents. The Chinese severe accident fatality rate for the coal chain is 6.17 per GWeyr, which is about 10 times higher than ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A simulation study of the accident risk in the Istanbul Channel

    The Istanbul Channel has a considerable amount of maritime traffic and is one of the most difficult-to-navigate waterways in the world. Ships are consequently prone to accidents. These accidents impose risks on the nearby population, property and the environment. Naturally, besides any adverse meteorological and geographical conditions, the increase in the volume of transit and local maritime ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency response possibilities at freight railway tunnel accidents

    Recent tunnel disasters in several Western European countries such as Switzerland (Gotthard tunnel, 2001) and Austria (Tauern tunnel, 1999), France/Italy (Mont Blanc tunnel, 1999) and Great Britain/France (Channel Tunnel, 1996) have made tunnel safety an area for special attention. In-depth investigations into these accidents focused on individual aspects of tunnel design and hazards. As regards ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Accounting for accidents in the measurement of transport inefficiency: a case of Taiwanese bus transit

    Conventional data envelopment analysis (DEA) measuring transport efficiency (or inefficiency) has impractically assumed that accidents are freely disposable. The present paper attempts to rectify this impractical assumption by proposing directional output distance function models into which different types of casualties are factored. The core logic is to convert different types of casualties – ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Marine accidents: quality vs. safety and one step further

    We dealt with an essential issue ? we believe ? which is Quality vs. Safety in Shipping. Shipping is not proud for achieving zero defects or accidents, as it should. Efforts in the past ? prior to 1998 ? for the industry to implement ISO 9000 failed and a full investigation is here made whether even the ? for us ? safety standard ISM Code ? after 1998 ? will succeed. So, we have proposed a Total ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tacit and explicit knowledge: empirical investigation in an emergency regime

    Tacit knowledge has long been recognised as an important component of how individuals perform. But how can tacit knowledge be measured in organisational situations? This paper explores the role of tacit knowledge in performance of individuals and teams in emergency regime of the Emergency Department (ED) of a main hospital. Content analysis of two cases support the proposition that when explicit ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Non-intrusive site investigation (UXO, CWM concerns)

    BEACON personnel used global positioning system (GPS) equipment to map out site locations. The soil-gas data clearly identified source areas of Trichloroethene (TCE) as well as other compounds of concern. The results showed the location of chlorinated contamination, which correlated well with data from a geophysical survey. While the flux chambers were in the field, more than nine inches of rain ...

  • Investigation on the spontaneous combustion of refuse-derived fuels

    Refuse-derived fuel (RDF), a high-caloric material, is used by various combustion processes, such as power plants, as alternative fuel. Several explosion accidents, however, possibly initiated by the spontaneous combustion of stored RDF, have been reported in Japan. Therefore the spontaneous combustion of RDF prepared from domestic garbage was investigated using chemiluminescence. RDF samples ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • The influence of different hydraulics models in treatment of some physical processes in super-critical states of light water reactors accidents

    This work presents the development and testing of some thermal hydraulic models designed to address the limitations of using the Homogeneous Equilibrium Model (HEM) in predicting and simulating the hydraulic response of the positive reactivity-initiated power excursion accidents in small light water reactors. The neutronic response of such accidents has been investigated based on the neutron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Media reporting and changes in public opinion after Fukushima nuclear accident: Belgium as case study

    This study examines the Belgian press coverage related to the Fukushima nuclear accident and investigates the changes in the public opinion related to nuclear energy. Two research methodologies were applied. The first method conducted was a content analysis of two quality newspapers in Belgium, covering the first two months after the accident. The second method was a public opinion survey, based ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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