acid gas Articles

  • Controlling acid gas mists

    Gas cleaning New and strict pollution regulations in metallurgical plants worldwide are restricting particulate and acid gas emissions to extremely low levels. Because of that, sulphuric acid plants are being installed to remove and utilise S02 in gases resulting from the roasting of sulphide ores, smelting of ores, and burning or regeneration of spent acid or acid sludge from ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Biological desulphurization of Landfill biogas - Case study

    Summary Biorem's biogas desulphurization product is providing very high removal efficiencies at a landfill site in Quebec. Despite the highly variable concentrations and low winter temperatures, the system has achieved an average removal efficiency of 97%, and has maintained outlet nydrogen sulphide concentration below target consistently. As a result, the customer has realized a ...


    By Biorem Technologies Inc.

  • Acid mine drainage treatment

    Acid mine/rock drainage is a rampant problem in the world today. The above photo depicts acid drainage at an abandoned mine in the Yukon Territory of northwest Canada. This mine shares a similar history to thousands of other mines throughout the world. It was in operation for six short years in the 1950’s, producing gold ore. Its profitability eventually failed and it was abandoned. In the ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Environmental Effects of Acid Rain

    Air Pollution Creates Acid Rain Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. Acidic deposition, or acid rain as it is commonly known, occurs when emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) react in the atmosphere with water, oxygen, and oxidants to form various acidic compounds. This mixture forms a mild ...

  • Amerada Hess - acid flow back

    Client: Amerada Hess Triton - UK CETCO Oilfield Services successfully treated contaminated water returns on the Amerada Hess Triton FPSO. The fluids were treated during well clean-up operations and have reduced the potential for overboard oil discharges and production upsets at the offshore installation approximately 120 miles east of Aberdeen. Contaminated water returns are a common problem for ...


    By CETCO Energy Services

  • Rehabilitation of Hydrogen Grooving in Sulfuric Acid Line

    Around October 2001, one of the major petrochemical refineries located on the Texas Louisiana Gulf coast needed to rehabilitate 6' and 8” diameter “fresh acid” (98% sulfuric acid) lines. Such lines tend to suffer from internal gouging due to formation of hydrogen gas in voids, which are caused by turbulence at directional changes in the pipe flow such as elbows, etc. This is a natural event, ...


    By InduMar Products, Inc.

  • Understanding the atmospheric measurement and behavior of perfluorooctanoic acid

    The recently reported quantification of the atmospheric sampling artifact for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was applied to existing gas and particle concentration measurements. Specifically, gas phase concentrations were increased by a factor of 3.5 and particle‐bound concentrations by a factor of 0.1. The correlation constants in two particle–gas partition coefficient (KQA) estimation equations ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Peroxy-acid treatment of selected PAHs in sediments

    In an attempt to address some of the disadvantages of the common biotic and abiotic processes used for the degradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), an alternative strategy utilising a primary chemical oxidative step to be combined with a biological post-treatment step was created. The degradation of α-methylnaphthalene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, pyrene and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Detection of alachlor and its sulfonic acid metabolite in water

    MATRIX: Groundwater, surface water and well water ANALYTES: Alachlor and its major soil metabolite, ethane sulfonic acid (ESA) LIMIT OF DETECTION: Alachlor: 5 ppt to 500 ppt (for 10 mL sample) 0.5 ppt to 50 ppt (for 100 mL sample) ESA: 30 ppt to 3 ppb (for 10 mL sample) 3 ppt to 300 ppt (for 100 mL sample) ...


  • Least-Cost Approaches to Reducing Acid Emissions

    ' The costs of meeting sulfur emission targets can be high. It is essential, therefore, that countries adopt policies which (a) minimize the net economic and social costs of reducing emissions to the agreed target levels, and (b) maximize the overlap between measures designed to reduce acidifying emissions and those addressing other forms of air pollution. This note discusses alternative ...


    By The World Bank

  • Adsorptive removal of methylene blue by CuO-acid modified sepiolite as effective adsorbent and its regeneration with high-temperature gas stream

    In this study, the dynamic adsorption of methylene blue dye onto CuO-acid modified sepiolite was investigated. Meanwhile, the equilibrium and kinetic data of the adsorption process were studied to understand the adsorption mechanism. Furthermore, a high-temperature gas stream was applied to regenerate the adsorbent. The results showed that the Langmuir isotherm model was applied to describe ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of headspace–gas chromatography–flame ionization detection procedure to determine volatile fatty acids in zoo organic waste leachates

    In order to determine volatile fatty acids (short chain monocarboxylic acids with 2 to 6 carbon atoms in a molecule) in leachates formed in organic waste piles a procedure based on static headspace (HS) coupled with gas chromatography (GC) have been proposed and optimized. The conditions of HS extraction and sample introduction into a gas chromatograph as well as of chromatographic separation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Repair, retrofit, and rebuild services for amine treating acid gas process - Case Study

    Catalytic Products International (CPI) was recently engaged by a Western Colorado Gas Processing Facility to review the existing amine treating acid gas process and the air pollution control equipment installed in an effort to help optimize the units and make improvements to the reliability of the entire system. Introduction: Identify root cause of numerous failures and create an ...

  • Kimre Mist Eliminators in Sulfuric Acid Plants

    B-GON® Mist Eliminators are widely used in the gas cleaning and contact section of sulfuric acid plants. Metallurgical, Oleum Producing, Sulfur Burning, and Regeneration Plants rely on the mist eliminators in the drying towers, absorption towers, and many other units to protect the quality of the product acid, protect downstream equipment from corrosion, protect the catalysts, and ultimately ...


    By Kimre, Inc.

  • SULFURIC ACID PLANT TAIL GAS CLEANUP WITH CANSOLV“ SYSTEM SO2 SCRUBBING TECHNOLOGY

    The tail gas from a single absorption sulfuric acid plant typically contains 2000-3000 ppmv of unreacted SO2. Emission regulations for new plants in most jurisdictions today require cleanup of this stream prior to discharge into the atmosphere and many grandfathered units are being required to decrease emission levels. The current paradigm is to add a second stage of conversion, which reduces the ...

  • Adwest Technologies flameless retox rto oxidizers with acid gas scrubbers for cost effective voc & odor abatement

    Adwest Technologies, Inc. provides cost effective Flameless Regenerative Thermal Oxidizers (RTO) with acid gas scrubber systems for cost effective VOC and odor abatement from malodorous VOC processes including food processing, rendering, petfood, biopharma spray dryer, bakery oven, composites, foundry, biogas, sludge dryers and waste water treatment plants (WWTP) off gas applications.  ...


  • Case study - Purified terephthalic acid plant

    Overview A major chemical manufacturer required a pollution control system to destroy the halogenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted during the formulation of Pure Terephthalic Acid (PTA). During the production process, methyl bromide is converted to hydrogen bromide. The pollution control system had to be designed to withstand the corrosiveness of the hydrogen bromide and ...

  • Characteristics and kinetics of hexavalent chromium reduction by gallic acid in aqueous solutions

    Gallic acid (GA) is a naturally occurring plant polyphenol compound. Experiments were conducted to study the kinetics and effects of pH, temperature, irradiation, and initial hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) concentration on Cr(VI) reduction by GA. Results indicated that Cr(VI) could be reduced to chromium oxide (Cr(III)) with GA in a wide range of pH values from 2.0 to 8.5. The reaction followed a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative wet electrostatic precipitators assure competitive edge in acid marketplace

    The unsteady global economic recovery continues to subject many core industries to persistent volatility in profits, prices, markets and capital investments. However, some analysts remain optimistic about the global international trade in sulfur in all forms, particularly sulfuric acid. This versatile mineral acid is both the world’s most widely used chemical, and the one with the highest ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Application of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry preceded by solvent extraction to determine volatile fatty acids in wastewater of municipal, animal farm and landfill origin

    This study describes extraction of selected volatile fatty acids (VFAs) (containing from 2 up to 8 carbon atoms) with methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) from polluted aqueous samples followed by separation, identification and quantification by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Extraction parameters such as time and number of extractions, volume ratio, effect of acidification ...


    By IWA Publishing

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