activated carbon adsorption Articles

  • Oxidized fulvic acid adsorption on activated carbon

    This study evaluates and compares the parameters of equilibrium adsorption from aqueous solutions of river fulvic acids (FA) and peat fulvic acids. Compared to peat FA, the river FA had lower biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC). We observed a tendency for correlation between change of Gibbs free energy of adsorption and BDOC value. A chlorination dose of 1.4 mg L−1 did not ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Activated Carbon

    Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal or activated coal is a form of carbon that has been processed to make it extremely porous and thus to have a very large surface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption of dyes onto activated carbon prepared from olive stones

    Activated carbon was produced from olive stones (OSAC) by a physical process in two steps. The adsorption character of this activated carbon was tested on three colour dyes molecules in aqueous solution: Methylene blue(MB), Rhodamine B (RB) and Congo Red (CR). The adsorption equilibrium was studied through isotherms construction at 30°C, which were well described by Langmuir model. The adsorption ...


    By IOS Press

  • Experimental study and modelling of zinc adsorption by granular activated carbon and natural zeolite

    The metal removal capability of Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) and natural zeolite is evaluated in this study using zinc as a model adsorbate. The equilibrium and kinetic characteristics of zinc adsorption on GAC and natural zeolite were studied in batch stirred tank experiments. The adsorption data for both systems were fitted by Langmuir, Freundlich, Langmuir-Freundlich, and Redlich-Peterson ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling the adsorption of emerging contaminants on activated carbon: classical and quantum QSAR approaches

    The adsorption of 115 emerging contaminants, mainly organic chemicals identified by the US Environmental Protection Agency's 2009 Contaminant Candidate List 3, was ranked using two published classical quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models and a newly developed quantum QSAR model. Approximately 75% of the investigated contaminants were predicted to be ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantitative structure property relationships for the adsorption of pharmaceuticals onto activated carbon

    Isotherms were determined for the adsorption of five pharmaceutical residues, primidone, carbamazepine, ibuprofen, naproxen and diclofenac, to Calgon Filtrasorb 300 powdered activated carbon (PAC). The sorption behavior was examined in ultra-pure and wastewater effluent organic matter (EfOM) matrices, where more sorption was observed in the ultra-pure water for PAC doses greater than 10 mg/L ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of solute dissociation constants on the optimum adsorption of weak electrolytes on activated carbons

    The pH of solutions has dramatic effects on the adsorption capacity of activated carbons from solutions, while the adsorption curves for weak electrolytes acquired as a function of pH show maxima at some intermediate pH. This intermediate pH is usually near the pKa of the electrolyte. Some apparent controversy inherent in these statements has, however, motivated experimental and analytical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Adsorption isotherms and kinetics of activated carbons produced from coals of different ranks

    Activated carbons (ACs) from six coals, ranging from low-rank lignite brown coal to high-rank stone coal, were utilized as adsorbents to remove basic methylene blue (MB) from an aqueous solution. The surface properties of the obtained ACs were characterized via thermal analysis, N2 isothermal sorption, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of air stripping to powdered activated carbon adsorption of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol

    Removal of odor-causing compounds (OCCs) including geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB), well known to cause the musty and earthy odor in drinking water, was investigated using powdered activated carbon (PAC) adsorption and air stripping processes. Removal by air stripping was mainly affected by aeration flow rates with volumetric mass-transfer rates of 0.002–0.005 min−1. Aeration also proved ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced adsorption of quaternary amine using modified activated carbon

    This study examined different methodologies to modify activated carbon (AC) for the removal of quaternary amine, tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH), from water. Commercial carbon (WAC) was treated by nitric acid oxidation (NA-WAC), silica impregnation (SM-WAC0.5), and oxygen plasma (P10-WAC), and their characteristics and adsorption capacity were compared. The Langmuir model fitted the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cadmium(II) adsorption by activated carbon: batch studies and reversibility

    Adsorption of cadmium(II) by Brazilian activated carbons, in their original and nitric acid activated forms, was evaluated. The equilibrium was reached within the first 15 min of contact between carbon and metal solution, and obeys a pseudo-second order Lagergren model. The maximum adsorption capacity is higher than 64 mg/g for the oxidised sample. Negative ΔG0 values indicate the spontaneity of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Kinetics of enhanced adsorption by polarization for organic pollutants on activated carbon fiber

    The adsorption kinetics for model pollutants on activated carbon fiber (ACF) by polarization was investigated in this work. Kinetics data obtained for the adsorption of these model pollutants at open-circuit, 400 mV, and −400 mV polarization were applied to the Lagergren equation, and adsorption rate constants (K a) were determined. With the anodic polarization of 400 mV, the capacity of ...


    By Springer

  • Acid dyes adsorption onto activated carbon from waste tyres

    Activated carbon has been produced from waste tyres using chemical treatment. The effects of activation chemical used, chemical ratio, soaking time in the impregnation step, activation temperature and time duration of the activation step were investigated. Surface area, pore size distribution, total pore volume, adsorption capacities of acid dyes (AY117 & AB25) were determined. The carbon product ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of Pb(II) by adsorption onto Chinese walnut shell activated carbon

    The excessive discharge of Pb(II) into the environment has increasingly aroused great concern. Adsorption is considered as the most effective method for heavy metal removal. Chinese walnut shell activated carbon (CWSAC) was used as an adsorbent for the removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution. Batch experiments were conducted by varying contact time, temperature, pH, adsorbent dose and initial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption of cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by thiol-functionalized activated carbon

    Thiol groups of adsorbent surfaces offer strong affinities for heavy metal ions, such as Hg(II), Pb(II), Cd(II), and so on. In this study, thiol group was impregnated to activated carbon by a series of treatments of oxidation and chlorination followed by 1,2-ethanedithiol introduction in order to investigate the adsorption properties of Cd(II) in aqueous solution. Batch sorption experiments were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption characteristics of Bisphenol-A on tailored activated carbon in aqueous solutions

    The adsorption behavior of pharmaceuticals and personal care product, Bisphenol-A (BPA), according to four coal-based and four wood-based granular activated carbons modified using outgassing treatment, acidic treatment or alkaline treatment was studied. The adsorption isotherm results indicated that carbon surface acidity played a very important role in the adsorption of BPA. It was found that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Phenol adsorption by activated carbon produced from spent coffee grounds

    The present work highlights the preparation of activated carbons (ACs) using spent coffee grounds, an agricultural residue, as carbon precursor and two different activating agents: water vapor (ACW) and K2CO3 (ACK). These ACs presented the microporous nature and high surface area (620–950 m2 g−1). The carbons, as well as a commercial activated carbon (CAC) used as reference, were evaluated as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Many Uses of Activated Carbon

    Activated carbon is processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption. It has applications in the medical, environmental and energy realms, among others. Since 1962, ASTM Committee D28 on Activated Carbon has developed standards that play a pre-eminent role in how activated carbon is used. A D28 ...


    By ASTM International

  • What is Activated Carbon?

    Adsorption with activated carbon can apply. The more awareness people have of the Earth, the more applications activated carbons will have. is thus a commonly seen process in applications such as gas masks, space capsules, nuclear plants and so forth, in which the removal of gases is highly needed. ...


    By Cocarb

  • Simultaneous activation/sulfurization method for production of sulfurized activated carbons: characterization and Hg(II) adsorption capacity

    As an inexpensive method for modification of activated carbons (ACs), sulfurization has attracted significant attention. However, the resulting sulfurized activated carbons (SACs) often are less porous than the original ACs. In this work, we propose a new method for concurrent sulfurization/activation that can lead to preparation of SACs with more porosity than the corresponding non-sulfurized ...


    By IWA Publishing

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