activated carbon water Articles

  • Monitoring Gas Emissions from Volcanoes to Predict Volcanic Activity

    To understand and predict the behaviour of volcanoes an increasing number of scientists are combining geological monitoring and geochemical models. By measuring and monitoring the prevalence of gases like CO2, scientists hope to be able to better predict the likelihood of volcanic eruptions. In 2010 Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted, releasing 250 million ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Fundamentals of Catalytic Activated Carbons

    Untitled Document Summary: Catalysts in water treatment speed chemical reactions so equipment can be scaled down or contact times shortened. Because the speed of a reaction ...

  • The Many Uses of Activated Carbon

    Activated carbon is processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption. It has applications in the medical, environmental and energy realms, among others. Since 1962, ASTM Committee D28 on Activated Carbon has developed standards that play a pre-eminent role in how activated carbon is used. A D28 ...


    By ASTM International

  • What is Activated Carbon?

    Adsorption with activated carbon can apply. The more awareness people have of the Earth, the more applications activated carbons will have. is thus a commonly seen process in applications such as gas masks, space capsules, nuclear plants and so forth, in which the removal of gases is highly needed. ...


    By Cocarb

  • Gas Hydrate Breakdown Unlikely to Cause Massive Greenhouse Gas Release

    The breakdown of methane hydrates due to warming climate is unlikely to lead to massive amounts of methane being released to the atmosphere, according to a recent interpretive review of scientific literature performed by the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Rochester. Methane hydrate, which is also referred to as ...

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • Top 3 Uses of Activated Carbon

    Activated carbon is an effective purifier. It is used to remove organic pollutants from different gaseous, liquid and solid substances. By removing the undesirable organic compounds, activated carbon can successfully remove the odour and taste of these compounds from a wide range of things.  Unlike other purification agents that react with organic compounds and change their nature, activated ...


    By Nichem Co.

  • Activated Carbon: What it is, how it works

    Untitled Document Summary: In the last decade public awareness and concern over the quality of drinking water has resulted in more and more consumers turning to point-of-use ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • Offshore wind costs and development risk

    How procurement strategies, manufacturing costs and new technology stack up against development risk in Offshore Wind Projects. Offshore wind is changing, and it is changing for the better. In 2006, offshore wind deployment costs started rising significantly, from £1.5m/ MW, in 2016 prices, to over £4m/MW in 2012, without a clear indication as to what the price ceiling would ...


    By SgurrEnergy Ltd.

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • LED Applications for Oil and Gas Refining and Processing

    Oil and gas processing facilities are unsafe due to the existence of hazardous compounds during operations. When addressing such issues, companies in the sector may deploy explosion proof lighting systems to prevent the ignition of sparks created from the electrical equipment. The adoption of LED technology in oil and gas refineries has helped reinforce key safety measures associated with ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • Development of efficient characterization parameters for activated carbon used in drinking water treatment

    In many drinking water treatment facilities with an activated carbon (AC) purification step, polar and hydrophilic molecules are substances of concern. Many of the current test methods for AC do not really reflect AC's adsorption capacity for these substances. To develop a fast and economically reasonable parameter that characterizes AC's ability to remove these compounds, three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigation of surfactant-modified activated carbon for recycled water disinfection

    This study investigated the effectiveness of surfactant-loaded granular activated carbon (GAC) to deactivate total coliform, E. coli, and enterococci found in tertiary effluent under various experimental conditions, i.e. varying surfactant dose, GAC dose, and contact time. The results indicate that GAC loaded with 100 mg/g of hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and didodecyldimethylammonium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Odor removal by powdered activated carbon (PAC) in low turbidity drinking water

    The potential of powdered activated carbon (PAC) adsorption for odor removal in low turbidity drinking water was investigated. The batch experiments were conducted under various conditions including PAC species, dosage, contact time and dosing point. The effects of pre-chlorination and PAC dosage on turbidity were also studied. Results showed that adsorption was quite vulnerable to initial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of bromide and bromate from drinking water using granular activated carbon

    Granular activated carbon (GAC) was used to remove bromide (Br−) and bromate (BrO3−) from drinking water in both bench- and pilot-scale experiments. The present study aims to minimize BrO3− formation and eliminate BrO3− generated during the ozonation of drinking water, particularly in packaged drinking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Activated Carbons from lignocellulosic waste materials for water treatment: a review

    Activated Carbon (AC) adsorbents are commonly used to remove pollutants from water because of their excellent sorption ability. However, commercially available ACs are expensive. In developing countries where economy plays a very big role, it is better to find low-cost locally available precursors, which are renewable resources for the preparation of ACs. This review focuses on ACs prepared from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Activated Carbon Applications Excel at PCB Removal

    TIGG’s GAC adsorption equipment is used to remove PCBs from groundwater. For more than 50 years, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were commonly used in industrial materials including, caulking, cutting oils, inks, paints and as dielectric fluids in electrical equipment such as transformers and capacitors. Concerns over health effects led to a North American ban of ...


    By TIGG, LLC

  • Role of membranes and activated carbon in the removal of endocrine disruptors

    As part of an American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AwwaRF) research project to evaluate conventional and advanced treatment processes for the removal of endocrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals (Project #2758), several experiments were conducted using membranes and activated carbon. A series of dynamic flow-through membrane experiments were performed at pilot- and full-scale to ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Comparison between activated carbon and multiwall carbon nanotubes in the removal of cadmium(II) and chromium(VI) from water solutions

    This paper evaluates the aqueous cadmium(II) and chromium(VI) adsorption efficiency on multiwall carbon nanotubes and activated carbon (AC). The effects of pH, initial metal ion concentrations, and adsorbent dosage on the adsorption of heavy metal by carbon adsorbents were also evaluated. In addition, this study used the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms to describe behavior of equilibrium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ozonation and Granular Activated Carbon Filtration the Solution to Many Problems

    This paper explains how ozone is used in the purification of surface water to potable water both as the first treatment stage and as an intermediary stage for the reduction of organics and as a disinfectant. Taste and odour of the water are improved by the oxidation of both organic and inorganic impurities by ozone. Products resulting from algae metabolisms are shown to be easily oxidised by ...

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