activated sludge process Articles

  • OUR Set-Point Control of Activated Sludge Processes

    The OUR Set-Point method is useful for controlling the activity and loading-rate capacity of an activated sludge mixed liquor. In this case, sufficient amounts of a stock substrate are added to a mixed liquor suspension to provide kinetic saturation with subsequent measure of OUR. Once an acceptable substrate is found for a specific wastewater treatment plant, an OUR can be identified that ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • New dimensiong guideline and standard for the activated sludge process

    Since June 2016 a new standard for the design of activated sludge systems is valid. The most significant point is the change of the basic value from BOD to COD. The standard is also the basis for designing SBR-systems. The article discusses main aspects of the new design basis and how AQUA DESIGNER has been modified and adapted to this. In AQUA DESIGNER you can calculate the continuous and ...


    By BITControl GmbH

  • Biodegradation of Cypermethrin by pseudomonas in a batch activated sludge process

    The biodegradation of Cypermethrin (20 to 125 mg/L) in an effluent using batch activated sludge was studied. Degradation was found to occur to a great extent only in the presence of Pseudomonas (IES-Ps-1) culture. Under aerobic conditions using mechanical aerators, Cypermethrin (20 mg/L) was almost completely degraded in just over 48 h at ambient temperature. Further loading of organic compound ...

  • Complete solids retention activated sludge process

    In a slaughterhouse's full-scale extended aeration activated sludge wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), operating under complete solids retention time, the evolution of mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) and mixed liquor volatile suspended solids (MLVSS) concentration, food to micro-organisms ratio (F/M) and substrate utilization rate (SUR) were studied for over a year. Biomass growth phases ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of reactor configuration on reliability of activated sludge process

    The effect of uncertainty in system parameters and the accuracy of the mathematical model used on the design and reliability of the activated sludge process is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations. Simulations indicate that the coefficient of variation for a reactor volume varies from 0.56 for a single mixed tank reactor to 0.44 for a plug flow reactor. The coefficient of variation for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cyclic activated sludge technology

    Cyclic activated sludge technology was selected for the Potsdam Wastewater Treatment Plant (90,000 p.e.). The cyclic activated sludge facility comprises four modules integrated into two circular basins. Construction was commenced in February 1998 with seeding of the plant for start up taking place in October 1998. Process performance has been met since Spring 1999 at 80-90 ...


    By Water Experts Germany

  • Application of nitrifying granules to improvement of nitrification activity in activated sludge process

    Nitrifying granules were used to improve nitrification performance of activated sludge process under high organic load. After inoculation of nitrifying granules, nitrification activity immediately increased, and kept for at least 70 days. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation analysis confirmed that nitrifying bacteria were retained in the granules even though nitrifying granules had been served in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Valuation of OSA process and folic acid addition as excess sludge minimization alternatives applied in the activated sludge process

    The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of the oxic-settling-anaerobic (OSA)-process and the folic acid addition applied in the activated sludge process to reduce the excess sludge production. The study was monitored during two distinct periods: activated sludge system with OSA-process, and activated sludge system with folic acid addition. The observed sludge yields ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The application of model predictive control of ammonia nitrogen in an activated sludge process

    In this paper a model predictive controller (MPC) for ammonia nitrogen is presented and evaluated in a real activated sludge process. A reduced nonlinear mathematical model based on mass balances is used to model the ammonia nitrogen in the activated sludge plant. An MPC algorithm that minimises only the control error at the end of the prediction interval is applied. The results of the ammonia ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Towards energy neutrality by optimising the activated sludge process of the WWTP Bochum-Ölbachtal

    As a result of Ruhrverband's regularly performed energy audits the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) Bochum-Ölbachtal shows substantial deficits concerning energy efficiency. Due to the energy consumption of internal recirculation, mixers and return activated sludge (RAS) pumping the existing pre-denitrification process configuration offers a specific energy consumption for biological ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pre-ozonation in the activated sludge process: fate of nitrogen species

    The objective of this research was to include ozonation prior to an activated sludge treatment and investigate the effect on the nitrogen species, their fate and the consequences of this oxidation upon the biomass. Three parallel treatment systems were used: the base system, where feed went directly to the activated sludge reactor, and two others, where the influent was ozonated at two different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of activated sludge process configuration on removal of micropollutants and estrogenicity

    The efficacy of three different wastewater treatment configurations, conventional activated sludge (CAS), nitrifying activated sludge (NAS) and biological nutrient removal (BNR) for removal of selected micropollutants from authentic wastewater was investigated. The processes were also characterized based on their proficiency to reduce the estrogenic activity of the influent wastewater using the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced anaerobic processes to enhance waste activated sludge stabilization

    The requirement for enhanced stabilization processes to obtain a more stable, pathogen-free sludge for agricultural use is an increasing challenge to comply with in the waste hierarchy. With this in mind, the Routes European project (‘Novel processing routes for effective sewage sludge management’) is addressed to assess innovative solutions with the aim of maximizing sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Activated Sludge Processes

    Dynamic simulation of activated sludge process is a common tool for wastewater treatment design and optimization. Most activated sludge models predict only the uptake of BOD and nutrients, however, they can easily be supplemented with further information regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) production to predict the generation of components such as CO2. Many published anaerobic digestion models contain ...

  • Multi Stage Activated Biological Process MSABPtm Eliminates Excess Sludge

     ABSTRACT The MSABP™ (Multi-Stage Activated Biological Process) is an innovative and advanced proprietary process for treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater based on spatial microorganism succession and trophic hydrobionts chains. A spatially segregated trophic microorganism chain provides for conditions in which microbes are consumed by primary microorganisms while the later ...

  • Enhanced Nitrogen Removal Using Immobilized Cell Augmented Activated Sludge Process

    The immobilized cell augmented activated sludge (ICAAS) system combines a cell immobilization technique and an off-line enricher-reactor for the bioaugmentation of activated sludge system to improve treatment performances. In this study, enhanced nitrogen removal using ICAAS was investigated. Laboratory-scale, off-line, batch enricher-reactors were used to maintain nitrification and ...

  • Assessment Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes On Activated Sludge Wastewater Treatment Process

    This paper evaluated the impact of 95% purified single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on the activated sludge wastewater treatment process through a batch-scale study. We found that the SWCNTs adsorbed 22% of the soluble COD (sCOD, chemical oxygen demand). One-way ANOVA analysis revealed that only four experimental parameters, i.e., surface charge, sCOD, mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) and ...

  • The application of multi-objective optimization method for activated sludge process: a review

    The activated sludge process (ASP) is the most generally applied biological wastewater treatment approach. Depending on the design and specific application, activated sludge wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) can achieve biological nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) removal, besides the removal of organic carbon substances. However, the effluent N and P limits are getting tighter because of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fixed activated sludge treatment (FAST®) process technology overview

    Biological treatment systems for small communities and even single-family dwellings have been available in the general water pollution control market for many years. These systems are basically scaled-down versions of the activated sludge process, utilizing suspended growth systems. Historically, the main operational problem associated with these systems has been the management of the sludge ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • BM Respirometry benefits for activated sludge process management, research and training

    A biological process controlled by non-biological measurements? All treatment plant efficiencies are geared to the waste that they receive. The microorganisms found in the waste need food and oxygen to survive, the food is provided as soluble organic carbon in the waste stream and the oxygen is obtained through the aeration process in the treatment plant. Once a treatment plant ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

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