activated sludge system operation Articles

  • What are the parameters of an extended-aeration activated-sludge system?

    The activated sludge process is the most widely used biological water and wastewater treatment. As is well known, by its means, suspended-growth microorganisms are applied to breakdown wastes. Aeration, the mixing of air and a liquid, is the means used to speed the reactions involved. Aeration methods include spraying the liquid into the air; diffusing air into the liquid or agitating the liquid ...

  • The Role of Activated Sludge Solids in an Actiflo® System

    ABSTRACTThis research was conducted using jar tests to investigate the impact of adding activated sludge solids to the Actiflo® process, a high-rate clarification (HRC) system, to increase BOD removal in HRC systems treating raw wastewater during periods of high wet-weather flows (WWF). A study of dosages and impacts of ferric sulfate, polymer, microsand and activated sludge on performance of the ...

  • The role and control of sludge age in biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems

    The sludge age is the most fundamental and important parameter in the design, operation and control of biological nutrient removal (BNR) activated sludge (AS) systems. Generally, the better the effluent and waste sludge quality required from the system, the longer the sludge age, the larger the biological reactor and the more wastewater characteristics need to be known. Controlling the reactor ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Removal of Alkylphenol Ethoxylate Surfactants in Activated Sludge Systems

    US EPA has finalized federal Water Quality Criteria for nonylphenol, a biodegradation intermediate of nonylphenol ethoxylates, which are commonly used surfactants. To provide information in support of this initiative, an assessment was made of the ability of wastewater treatment plants to remove these and other alkylphenol ethoxylate (APEO) surfactants that are used widely in domestic and ...

  • Operational cost optimization modeling for conventional activated sludge process

    Energy and solids processing cost accounts for 40% of the total operation and maintenance costs in wastewater treatment facilities. This indicates the potential for saving operation and maintenance costs through the process optimization. The limitations of most cost optimization studies carried out in the past are either these studies could not be applied to existing facilities as the objective ...

  • Where To Find Money In Biogas

    On the surface, wastewater treatment operations don’t appear to be handling precious material. But these facilities are actually processing a great deal of value every day. Sludge, a byproduct of wastewater treatment, turns out to be an entity worth cherishing. “Depending on treated sludge quality, the final product can be land applied, landfilled, incinerated, or composed,” ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • CH#824 - Steel Production - Activated Sludge

    BackgroundThe treatment plant at this Steel Mill treats approximately 0.3mgd waste from the coke and steel operations. Over the past year the treatment works improved performance and consistently produced a good quality effluent with respect to phenol, suspended solids, ammonia and cyanide. An improvement in performance was required to meet future discharge limits. To achieve this level of ...


    By Bio-Systems International

  • OUR Set-Point Control of Activated Sludge Processes

    The OUR Set-Point method is useful for controlling the activity and loading-rate capacity of an activated sludge mixed liquor. In this case, sufficient amounts of a stock substrate are added to a mixed liquor suspension to provide kinetic saturation with subsequent measure of OUR. Once an acceptable substrate is found for a specific wastewater treatment plant, an OUR can be identified that ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Effect of sludge age on heavy metal biosorption by selector activated sludge

    The influence of sludge age on the metal biosorption characteristics of an aerobic selector-activated sludge was investigated. Two bench-scale aerobic-activated sludge systems were operated at sludge ages of 5 days and 15 days for studying biosorption of Cu and Cr(VI). In-vitro batch experiments were performed to compare biosorption characteristics of the sludge samples harvested from the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Addressing digester foaming by fixing activated sludge system and gaining capacity in both

    The City of Richland Wastewater Treatment Facility digesters have experienced Nocardiainduced digester foaming problems from the time they went into operation in 1985. Because of the persistent foam, most or all of the thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS) was often not sent to the digesters but directly to the belt filter press to be dewatered separately from the digested sludge. It was ...

  • Investigating Steam Application for Reducing Foaming in Activated Sludge Systems

    Filamentous foam, the dispersion of gas bubbles that creates a dense brown scum layer on the surface of activated sludge basins and secondary clarifiers, is caused by the predominance of mycolic acid-containing actinomycetes, such as Gordonia amarae (formerly Nocardia amarae) and the filament Microthrix parvicella. The accumulation of foam causes a variety of operational, safety, and aesthetic ...

  • Activated sludge bulking problem solved by AIRE-O2® system

    ' Oxygen profiles on the AIRE-O2® system show good dissolved oxygen levels at both bottom and top levels,' reports the mill Problem In 1987, filamentous bacteria outbreaks in this northern pulp mill’s activated sludge basins were a problem. Anoxic conditions in sludge deposits between its diffuser heads, caused by a lack of mixing, encouraged the growth of Thiothrix . 'This filamentous ...

  • Achieving and maintaining of short-cut nitrification in a cyclic activated sludge system

    A lab-scale Cyclic Activated Sludge Technology (CAST) system was operated more than 5 months to evaluate the effects of the operation mode on nitrogen removal performance and investigate a feasible method for achieving short-cut nitrification in the system. Results showed that nitrogen was removed by conventional biological nitrification and denitrification in traditional operation mode ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Validating the Colloid model to optimise the design and operation of both moving-bed biofilm reactor and integrated fixed-film activated sludge systems

    The paper presents a systematic study of simulations, using a previously calibrated Colloid model, from which it was found that: (i) for pure moving-bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) processes with tertiary nitrification conditions (no influent chemical oxygen demand (COD)), dissolved oxygen = 5 mg/L and residual NH4-N > 4 mgN/L, a nitrification rate of 1.2 gN/(m2d) was obtained ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Floating Horizontal Aerators Enhance Eufaula, Alabama Activated Sludge Plant

    The Eufaula, Alabama, wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is an extended aeration activated sludge facility designed for an average daily flow rate of 2.7 million gallons per day (mgd). Prior to February, 2005 this WWTP used vertical aerators to provide oxygen and mixing in its aerator basins. The plant has two aeration basins, each 1.87 million gallons in volume, which had 160 horsepower (hp) of ...


    By S & N Airoflo, Inc.

  • Fixed activated sludge treatment (FAST®) process technology overview

    Biological treatment systems for small communities and even single-family dwellings have been available in the general water pollution control market for many years. These systems are basically scaled-down versions of the activated sludge process, utilizing suspended growth systems. Historically, the main operational problem associated with these systems has been the management of the sludge ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • Activated Sludge Treatment Plant - Eatonton, Georgia - Case Study

    Solids management at municipal wastewater treatment plants is crucial in maintaining operating efficiencies and permitted discharge levels. Drying beds and mechanical methods of dewatering bio-solids can be labor intensive and inefficient for rapid solids removal. Miratech Geotube" Dewatering Technology offers munic-ipalities a cost effective solution for rapid solids removal and long term solids ...

  • Activated sludge optimization using ATP in pulp and paper industry

    The activated sludge process is an old technology, but still the most commonly used one for treatment of wastewater. Despite the wide spread usage the technology still suffers from instability (Tandoi et al. 2006) and high operating cost. Activated sludge processes often carry a large solids inventory. Managing the total inventory without interference is the key component of the optimization ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of extracellular biopolymer and its impact on bioflocculation in activated sludge bioreactors

    The influence and dynamics of bacterial extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) polymer production and its impact on bioflocculation in activated sludge (AS) bench-scale reactors were investigated. The impact of food to microorganism ratio (F/M), reactor configuration and easily biodegradable carbohydrates in influent streams on biological processes that support or weaken good floc formation and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of Biomass Selection Between a Novel Membrane Bioreactor and Activated Sludge Process

    ABSTRACTThis study examined the performance of a novel type of submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) system which utilizes polyethylene membrane of bigger pore size (mean around 18- 28μm) than normal MBRs. The system utilizes plate and frame structure with gravitational effluent flow. Two such bench scale MBR systems (0.084m3 of mixed liquor volume each) with membrane thickness of 0.48cm and ...

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