advanced biological wastewater treatment Articles

  • Enhancing Biological Nutrient Reduction in Advanced Individual Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems

    ABSTRACTAdvanced onsite systems need to continue to improve wastewater treatment through nutrient reduction. Some advanced onsite systems have been shown to reduce nutrients significantly. However, with modifications, these systems can reduce total inorganic nitrogen (TIN) to an even greater degree, and nitrate to levels below federal drinkingwater standards. INTRODUCTIONNitrogen compounds in ...

  • Achieving Advanced Wastewater Treatment Standards

    Integrated Fixed-film Activated Sludge (IFAS) systems is a hybrid system consisting of both suspended and fixed biomass growth, and it is achieved by incorporating a media that support biofilms in existing aeration basin. By promoting the growth of both carbonaceous-removing and nitrifying bacteria, an integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) process can improve effluent quality without ...


  • Biological wastewater treatment followed by physicochemical treatment for the removal of fluorinated surfactants

    Perfluorinated surfactants (PFS) have become compounds of high concern during the last decade. While “conventional surfactants” are degraded to a great extent in the biological wastewater treatment process, partly or perfluorinated surfactants are not only stable against biodegradation but also against oxidizing agents, they even resist OH-radical attacks. Our objectives were to eliminate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determination of the ultrasonic effectiveness in advanced wastewater treatment

    Biological treatment is the most commonly applied method for treatment of wastewaters. However, biological treatment can be inhibited by bacteriotoxic or persistent pollutants present in wastewater (Lifka et at., 2003). As a result, this technology may be incapable of reducing the levels of contaminants below which they are not considered as a potential threat to public health. Therefore, new ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Combination of microwave demulsification, ozone oxidation and biological aerated filter for advanced treatment of oilfield wastewater with low biodegradability

    In this study, a combination process was developed in laboratory-scale including microwave demulsification, ozonation, and biological aerated filter (BAF) in series for the purpose of removing pollutants in oilfield wastewater with high microtoxicity. The microwave demulsification treatment removed 63.4% of oil. The ozonation treatment removed 79.3% of petroleum sulfonate, resulting in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using respirometry for energy optimization in a nitrifying biological wastewater treatment system

    ABSTRACT Many wastewater treatment plants use more than 50% of their total energy budget in the aeration basin and, when nutrient removal is included in the activated sludge process, it is very common that the majority of oxygen uptake goes to the nitrification process. For that reason, in most wastewater treatment plants, energy optimization is focused on nitrification management. This ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Using respirometry for energy optimization in a nitrifying biological wastewater treatment system

    Many wastewater treatment plants use more than 50% of their total energy budget in the aeration basin and, when nutrient removal is included in the activated sludge process, it is very common that the majority of oxygen uptake goes to the nitrification process. For that reason, in most wastewater treatment plants, energy optimization is focused on nitrification management. This information can be ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • BM Respirometry applied to a novel control strategy of nitrification in a wastewater biological treatment

    In wastewater treatment plants, the biological nitrogen removal (BNR) has acquired critical importance, which makes that in the majority of the cases the overall process control largely depends on the control of this treatment. The normal aerobic process of nitrification is performed by specific aerobic living microorganisms and a lack of information on their bioactivity may be cause of confusion ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Treatment of leather industrial wastewater via combined advanced oxidation and membrane filtration

    The liming/unhairing operation is among the important processes of the leather industry. It generates large amounts of effluent that are highly loaded with organic hazard wastes. Such effluent is considered one of the most obnoxious materials in the leather industry, causing serious environmental pollution and health risks. The effluent is characterized by high concentrations of the pollution ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of vibration milling for advanced wastewater treatment and excess sludge reduction

    As a new sludge reduction technology with a phosphorus removal mechanism, a vibration milling technology that uses iron balls have been applied to the wastewater treatment process. Three anaerobic–aerobic cyclic activated sludge processes: one without sludge disintegration; one disintegrated sludge by ozonation; and the other disintegrated sludge with the vibrating ball mill were compared. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Compact solutions for advanced wastewater treatment aiming to recover and reuse

    The environmental pollution caused from unregulated raw sewage discharge coming from small municipalities, remote communities, small housing complexes, tourist facilities, camps, factories, harbors and other similar sources that until now was difficult to construct suitable Treatment Facilities is quite extensive in many areas and is now the time for the authorities to take action. The necessity ...


    By DEVISE ENGINEERING S.A.

  • Advanced electro-Fenton degradation of biologically-treated coking wastewater using anthraquinone cathode and Fe-Y catalyst

    The electrocatalytic activity of bare and 2-ethyl anthraquinone-modified graphite felt (2-EAQ/GF) toward oxygen reduction was investigated using a cyclic voltammetry technique in a neutral solution. The prepared cathodes were tested for electrogeneration of H2O2 and electro-Fenton oxidation (EFO) treatment of neutral coking wastewater (CW) after biological process, using a graphite anode and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

  • Wastewater Treatment in Turbo Mode

    Sulzer turbocompressors type ABS HST are successful in wastewater treatment. Today, 2000 units are installed around the world—for example, in municipal plants like in the city of Sögel, Germany. Here, the turbocompressors not only reduced the operating costs but also helped the plant to cope with load fluctuations. The secret behind this success is an advanced design with proven ...


    By Sulzer

  • In-depth characterization of secondary effluent from a municipal wastewater treatment plant located in Northern China for advanced treatment

    This study provided insight into the characterization of secondary effluent from a wastewater treatment plant located in northeastern China. The secondary effluent was separated into three fractions, the dissolved, the near-colloidal and the suspended, to study their individual characteristics. It revealed that most of the organics in the secondary effluent existed in the dissolved form, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment matrix for reuse of upgraded wastewater

    ABSTRACTIn 2003 the Aquarec project sponsored by the European Commission under the 5th Framework Programme was started, aiming at “integrated concepts for reuse of upgraded wastewater with special focus on the European countries”. One of the key elements is the development of a treatment matrix, in which wastewater treatment processes are categorised as a function of the raw wastewater quality ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • From Wastewater Treatment to Sweet Pineapples

    In wastewater treatment, ammonia that is removed from sewage used to be discharged directly to the atmosphere. Nowadays, studies have identified that ammonia emissions are of major concern to air quality. This has led to a new way of thinking. Sulzer offers modern closed-air-loop systems for wastewater treatment that transform ammonia into a common soil fertilizer. This reuse of a waste product ...


    By Sulzer

  • Wastewater treatment down-time `not acceptable`

    Reliable 24/7 monitoring and control of a pharmaceutical company's wastewater facility is fundamentally important to the successful operation of the entire business. This is because failures or down-time in the wastewater treatment process would quickly result in waste stream back up. It follows therefore that monitoring equipment should be extremely reliable and this is why Shasun Pharma ...


  • Advancement of chitosan-based adsorbents for enhanced and selective adsorption performance in water/wastewater treatment: review

    This paper gives an overview of the results obtained by various researchers in the treatment of various suspensions and solutions by using Chitosan as an adsorbent. Chitosan, a partially deacetylated polymer obtained from the alkaline deacetylation of chitin, extracted from shellfish has been reviewed for its application in water and wastewater. Chitosan exhibits a variety of physicochemical and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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