aerobic biological water treatment Articles

  • Aerobic biological treatment of thermophilically digested sludge

    Aerobic biological treatment of digested sludge was studied in a continuously operated laboratory set-up. An aerated reactor was filled with thermophilically digested sludge from the Moscow wastewater treatment plant and inoculated with special activated sludge. It was then operated at the chemostat mode at different flow rates. Processes of nitrification and denitrification, as well as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Critical Role of Aerobic Uptake in Biological Phosphorus Removal

    ABSTRACTThe use of biological phosphorus removal (BPR) to remove phosphorus (P) from municipal wastewaters is well-established, and especially in recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of utilities practicing BPR. The basic BPR mechanism includes two distinct steps: anaerobic P release, and aerobic P uptake. However, BPR design and optimization efforts have typically ...

  • Enhanced nitrogen removal with an onsite aerobic cyclic biological treatment unit

    Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments (CZARA, Section 6217) necessitate the requirement that onsite wastewater disposal units located near impaired surface waters or groundwater to provide at least 50% nitrogen removal. Approximately 38% of Hawaii households use onsite systems including septic tanks and cesspools that cannot meet this requirement. Upgrades to aerobic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Vermifilters: a tool for aerobic biological treatment of herbal pharmaceutical wastewater

    Herbal pharmaceutical wastewater possesses high chemical oxygen demand (COD) (21,960–26,000 mg/l) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) (11,200–15,660 mg/l) and suspended solids (SS) (5,460–7,370 mg/l). It cannot be directly discharged into surface water bodies, due to its highly biodegradable nature. Herbal pharmaceutical wastewater has been treated by using vermifilter, which is an ecosystem ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Process intensification in wastewater treatment: oxygen transfer characterisation of a jet loop reactor for aerobic biological wastewater treatment

    The overall volumetric mass transfer coefficient (KLa) and the overall gas holdup (ε) were measured in a jet loop reactor (JLR) used for the intensive aerobic biological treatment of waste water. The process parameters and their ranges were: inlet water flow rate: 30 &#le; QL &#le; 70 l/min, inlet air flow rate: 4 &#le; Qg &#le; 36 l/min. The ratio of water flow rates from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mechanical biological treatment trends

    Composting mixed municipal solid waste has a long tradition in Germany. In 1953, the first large-scale facilities in Baden-Baden and Blaubeuren started operating, followed later by plants in Heidelberg, Duisburg and other locations across the western part of Germany. Facilities were being opened to provide alternatives to landfilling MSW, and to produce compost for agricultural use. The quality ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Slurry Phase Biological Treatment

    Slurry phase biological treatment involves the controlled treatment of excavated soil in a bioreactor. The excavated soil is first processed to physically separate stones and rubble. The soil is then mixed with water to a predetermined concentration dependent upon the concentration of the contaminants, the rate of biodegradation, and the physical nature of the soils. Some processes pre-wash the ...

  • Aerobic wastewater treatment processes history and development synopsis

    This book is an overview of the development of aerobic waste water treatment and influences which shaped this development. The historical development of sewage treatment and the subsequent emergence of aerobic biological treatment methods is investigated from the early nineteenth century to the present day. In addition, the earlier historical background, up to the late ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Upgrading secondary biological treatment of wastewater using anoxic/aerobic attached growth systems for effluent quality improvement

    A pilot plant was constructed and operated using both Aerobic Submerged Fixed Film (ASFF) and Anoxic/Aerobic Submerged Fixed Film (A/ASFF) processes at different loading rates in the range of 0.03–0.3 g BOD.g-1 BVS.d-1 corresponding to the Hydraulic Retention Times (HRTs) in the range of 0.7 to 8 hr. The results obtained revealed that both the ASFF and the A/ASFF ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role of respirometry in maximising aerobic treatment plant efficiency

    Wastewater treatment plants are coming under increasing pressure to increase their efficiency of operation. There are two objectives in this. The first is to reduce the cost of treatment. The second is a response to new legislation aimed at reducing the carryover of toxic materials to receiving waters. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to focus on the pivotal role of bacterial respiration ...

  • Aerobic wastewater treatment processes history and development synopsis

    A Synopsis by the Author This book is an overview of the development of aerobic waste water treatment and influences which shaped this development.   The historical development of sewage treatment and the subsequent emergence of aerobic biological treatment methods is investigated from the early nineteenth century to the present day.  In addition, the earlier ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Beginner�s Guide to Biological Treatment of Water

    Water treatment systems make safe and civilized life possible for people of all ages. Access to clean, reliable, and safe water is one of the first building blocks of a good social system. That is why experts have developed advanced and reliable ways to remove harmful substances from the water supply, including fecal matter, bacteria, arsenic, and other dangerous or even poisonous matter.   ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

  • Zero Effluent by Application of Biological Treatment at High Temperature

    For the production of high quality corrugated medium and test liner it has been shown since 1995 at a new large size mill in Germany, that no or practically no effluent discharge is necessary when the process water is treated in an anaerobic/aerobic conventional treatment plant, which is followed by sand filtration. In this paper, three different projects are described which show, that the number ...


    By Paques B.V.

  • Strategies for the reduction of Legionella in biological treatment systems

    A community-wide outbreak of Legionnaire's disease occurred in Warstein, Germany, in August 2013. The epidemic strain, Legionella pneumophila Serogruppe 1, was isolated from an industrial wastewater stream entering the municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Wartein, the WWTP itself, the river Wäster and air/water samples from an industrial cooling system 3 km downstream of the WWTP. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Unpleasant Odors Successfully Removed Using Biological Waste Water Treatment

    System designed by Dresden DAS Environmental Expert successfully treats landfill leachate from hazardous waste landfill in Grumbach, Germany DAS Environmental Expert has designed a system for the treatment of landfill leachate that currently treats the wastewaters of the AMAND Umwelttechnik Grumbach ...

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Groundwater, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to monitor and continuously mix the groundwater. However, ex situ treatment requires pumping of groundwater, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and material handling. ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

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