aerobic digestion Articles

  • Aerators Enhance Aerobic Digestion Process

    The city of Eden,N.C.,operates an extended aeration process designed for an average flow rate of 13.5 mgd with a mixed liquor suspended solids concentration that typically checks in about 6,000 mg/l. This high biomass concentration is necessary to provide a well-settling sludge and good effluent quality. Further, the plant influent is approximately 40% domestic wastewater and 60% industrial ...


    By S&N Airoflo Inc.

  • Membrane thickening aerobic digestion processes

    Sludge management accounts for approximately 60% of the total wastewater treatment plant expenditure and laws for sludge disposal are becoming increasingly stringent, therefore much consideration is required when designing a solids handling process. A membrane thickening aerobic digestion process integrates a controlled aerobic digestion process with pre-thickening waste activated sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of Secondary Aerobic Digestion on Properties of Anaerobic Digested Biosolids

    ABSTRACTIn this study, the performance of sequential anaerobic-aerobic digestion was compared to conventional anaerobic digestion for sludge from the Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant. Volatile solids removal, polymer conditioning demand for dewatering, and biosolids odor characteristics following anaerobic digestion and sequential anaerobic-aerobic digestion were monitored. Aerobic ...

  • Aerobic biological treatment of thermophilically digested sludge

    Aerobic biological treatment of digested sludge was studied in a continuously operated laboratory set-up. An aerated reactor was filled with thermophilically digested sludge from the Moscow wastewater treatment plant and inoculated with special activated sludge. It was then operated at the chemostat mode at different flow rates. Processes of nitrification and denitrification, as well as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of sidestream treatment technologies: post aerobic digestion and Anammox

    Post aerobic digestion (PAD) and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) are sidestream treatment technologies which are both excellent options for the reduction of nitrogen recycled back to the liquid stream without the need for supplemental carbon or alkalinity. However, the achievement of this goal is where the similarities between the two technologies end. PAD is an advanced digestion ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of copper and cadmium on aerobic and anaerobic digestibility of sonicated sludge

    The effects of the introduction of a sludge reduction process such as ultrasound on batch aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability after exposition to two metals (copper and cadmium) were investigated. The specific energy of ultrasonic treatment applied to the sludge was 200,000 kJ kg TS-1. Ultrasonic treatment led to floc size reduction and to organic matter solubilization. Low copper ( ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of low power ultrasound on aerobic/anoxic digestion of activated sludge

    The effect of low power ultrasound on aerobic/anoxic digestion of activated sludge was investigated. First, dehydrogenate activity (DHA) and special oxygen uptake rate (SOUR) were detected to indicate the change of biological activity of sludge induced by ultrasound. Single-factor experiments showed that when the ultrasonic frequency was 28 kHz, the optimal ultrasonic density and exposure time ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pre-Treatment of Sludges Before Aerobic Digestion to Enhance Sludge Quality

    ABSTRACTBench scale experimentation was completed to assess the potential of using a short residence time pre-treatment reactor upstream of aerobic digestion to enhance the destruction of pathogens. The impact of aeration, temperature, hydraulic residence time, solids concentration, feeding frequency and mechanical shearing on the pre-treatment process was investigated. Subsequent testing ...

  • Thermal hydrolysis as pretreatment of digestion feed

    AbstractA large number of different processes are today on the market for treatment of biodegradable waste. The two principal biological treatment methods available are aerobe treatment (composting) and anaerobe treatment (digestion/fermentation). In Norway so far, aerobe treatment has been the most popular solution. Both windrow composting and tunnel composting systems are in use. The first ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Evaluation of the aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability of the antibiotic norfloxacin

    The purpose of studying the biodegradability of pharmaceutical compounds is to evaluate their behaviors in relation to the treatment processes generally used in domestic and industrial wastewater treatment plants. The antibiotic norfloxacin was found to be a recalcitrant compound. The studies conducted showed norfloxacin removal rates of 12% and 18% when biomasses from treatments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recovering Carbon Source from the Thermophilic Aerobic Digested Sludge for Biological Nutrient Removal

    Available carbon source is essential to enhance the biological nutrient removal (BNR) in wastewater treatment. Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) accumulated in the thermophilic aerobic digestion (TAD) supernatant under the microaerated operation is the potential carbon source for denitrification and phosphorus removal. This study investigated the use of VFAs recovered from the TAD supernatant in the ...

  • Sanitising black water by auto-thermal aerobic digestion (ATAD) combined with ammonia treatment

    The effect of a two-step process on the concentration of pathogens and indicator microorganisms in black water (0.9–1% total solids) was studied. The treatment combined auto-thermal aerobic digestion (ATAD) and ammonia sanitisation. First, the temperature of the black water was increased through ATAD and when a targeted temperature was reached (33, 41 and 45.5 °C studied), urea was added to a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Molecular Chemical Grinder Improves Digestion in Sludge

    Municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) can reduce the costs and liabilities of sludge handling and disposal and increase their organic solids conversion rate with the Advanced Fluidized Composting (AFC) Process or the Advanced Fluidized Co-Digeson & Co-Generaon (AFC2) Process from BioConversion Soluons, LLC (BCS). The conventional sludge treatment techniques of aerobic and anaerobic ...

  • Optimizing removal of estrogenic compounds in biosolids: a comparison of anaerobic, post-aerobic, and cambi digestion

    ABSTRACT Anaerobic digestion is a key treatment step during wastewater treatment because it is often the final significant solids treatment process prior to land application. Land application of biosolids is a vital practice for sustainable waste management; therefore, the presence of estrogenic compounds in biosolids is one concern to this practice. Three digestion processes were studied to ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Winery and distillery wastewater treatment by anaerobic digestion

    ABSTRACTAnaerobic digestion is widely used for wastewater treatment, especially in the food industries. Generally after the anaerobic treatment there is an aerobic post-treatment in order to return the treated water to nature. Several technologies are applied for winery wastewater treatment. They are using free cells or flocs (anaerobic contact digesters, anaerobic sequencing batch reactors and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of mixing conditions on anaerobic digester performance

    The basic principle of aerobic wastewater treatment is the conversion of some parts of organic matters to biomass and this causes production of excessive sludge in aerobic processes. This excessive sludge is withdrawn from time to time to prevent accumulation of biomass in aeration basin. In most cases, this sludge requires the stabilization before the dewatering and disposal. Different processes ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Managing Compostable Bags At Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    The highest and best use for treating residential food waste is through source separation, sending organics first to anaerobic digestion (to capture energy), followed by aerobic composting (to return nutrients to the soil). Sending food waste to anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities requires appropriate tools and planning for capturing high volumes of material with low contamination. Compostable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Phosphorus release mechanisms during digestion of EBPR sludge under anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic conditions

    Three laboratory-scale digesters were operated in parallel under anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic conditions to reveal the release mechanisms of phosphorus when digesting enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) sludge. The variation rates of the parameters associated with phosphorus release were calculated and compared with that of a typical EBPR anaerobic process. The results show that both ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge digestion instead of aerobic stabilisation – a cost benefit analysis based on experiences in Germany

    As a consequence of a worldwide increase of energy costs, the efficient use of sewage sludge as a renewable energy resource must be considered, even for smaller wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with design capacities between 10,000 and 50,000 population equivalent (PE). To find the lower limit for an economical conversion of an aerobic stabilisation plant into an anaerobic stabilisation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full scale experience of retrofitting thermal hydrolysis to an existing anerobic digester for the digestion of waste activated sludge

    ABSTRACT Naestved central WWTP is a 5 MGD facility that was originally designed as a Bio DeNiPho plant following primary sedimentation. In 1998 the primary tank was bypassed in order to reduce organic micro-pollutants by aerobic treatment in the aeration basins. This reduced the micro-pollutants but led to a bulky undigestible sludge and foaming due to Microthrix. The Microthrix problem was ...


    By Cambi Group AS

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