aerobic microbial monitoring Articles

  • Stability measurement of Biosolids Compost by Aerobic Respirometry

    Oxygen uptake of biosolids compost was measured during both laboratory and full-scale studies. Aerobic respirometry of solid samples of compost provided a precise measure of microbial activity. There was a noticeable decreasing trend in oxygen consumption over 25 days of composting, thereby indicating increasing stability. Moisture content also was found to affect the compost stability. During ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Case Study: Aerobic Cometabolism of Vinyl Chloride in Central Ohio

    Site Summary: Chlorinated solvents were found in ground water at a former automobile repair shop. The solvents were thought to have been released from an underground storage tank (UST). After the UST and associated contaminated soil were removed, CL-Out® bioremediation was implemented to reduce the levels of contamination to site-specific cleanup goals. Geology and Hydrogeology The site is set in ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Enhanced Aerobic Bioremediation of Petroleum UST Releases in Puerto Rico.

    Abstract: Releases of petroleum compounds from underground storage tanks (USTs) containing diesel fuel and gasoline are a serious and increasingly prevalent problem in Puerto Rico. Remediation of groundwater impacted by these releases utilizing common methodologies can be quite costly and require long periods of time to implement. Oxygen is often the limiting factor retarding optimal ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Aerobic and Anaerobic Bioremediation of 1,1-DCE and Vinyl Chloride in Groundwater

    Untitled Document A three-tiered remediation approach is being used for successful field treatment of a 1,1- dichloroethene (1,1-DCE) groundwater plume. The plume is characterized by ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Acetate uptake by PHA-accumulating and non-PHA-accumulating organisms in activated sludge from an aerobic sequencing batch reactor fed with acetate

    The present study was conducted to evaluate the specific acetate uptake rates of microorganisms with and without polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) accumulation. Activated sludge was aerobically incubated with 75 mgC L−1 radiolabeled or non-labeled acetate, and acetate consumption and PHA accumulation were monitored. Microorganisms were quantified as follows: all microbial cells by DAPI staining, whole ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring intracellular polyphosphate accumulation in enhanced biological phosphorus removal systems by quantitative image analysis

    A rapid methodology for intracellular storage polyphosphate (poly-P) identification and monitoring in enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) systems is proposed based on quantitative image analysis (QIA). In EBPR systems, 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) is usually combined with fluorescence in situ hybridization to evaluate the microbial community. The proposed monitoring ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mineral oil bio-degradation within a permeable pavement: long term observations

    ABSTRACTThe paper reports on the first 300 days of a research project conducted at Coventry University, which has focused on the ability of a permeable pavement, reservoir structure to retain and treat petroleum-derived pollutants through in situ microbial bio-degradation. The research has required the construction of a full-scale model permeable pavement in the laboratory, which has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced Bioremediation in Clay Soils (PDF)

    This case study evaluates the full-scale in-situ application of an electron donor to enhance biodegradation of chlorinated solvents in clay soils and groundwater beneath an active light industrial property in a congested urban setting.A pilot test was successful by varying degrees in three test areas as shown by the production of biodegradation daughter products and microbial end products. The ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Differential Stimulation of Haloreduction by Carbon Addition to Subsurface Soils (PDF)

    Highly substituted ethenes such as PCE and TCE are susceptible to microbial reductive dehalogenation and halorespiration under anaerobic conditions. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether soil from a bulk aerobic aquifer, historically contaminated with chlorinated ethenes (CEs), could be made anaerobic by carbon source addition to enhance haloreduction, and to evaluate how the ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Reduction of TTHM and endocrine disrupting compounds in municipal wastewater

    The US Geological Service and Environmental Protection Agency have been monitoring the increasing levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in freshwater streams, aquifers, and off-shore coastal waters for the past decade, with the primary identified chemicals being residuals from pharmaceuticals, and petroleum-based fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides (Pyrines and Pyroids). This ...


  • Intrinsic Biodegradation Kinetics Of Chemicals

    Intrinsic Biodegradation Kinetics Of Chemicals An understanding of the rate of biodegradation kinetics for specific industrial chemicals is useful when evaluating their treatability or their impact on treatment processes. The objective of kinetic assessments usually is to model the biodegradation reactions for specific chemicals using either pure cultures or defined ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and β‐blocker Transformation Products May Not Pose a Significant Risk of Toxicity to Aquatic Organisms in Wastewater Effluent‐Dominated Receiving Waters

    A probabilistic ecological risk assessment was conducted for the transformation products (TPs) of three β‐blockers (atenolol, metoprolol, and propranolol) and five selective serotonin re‐uptake inhibitors (SSRIs; citalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, and sertraline) to assess potential threats to aquatic organisms in effluent‐dominated surface waters. To this end, the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Heating up natural remediation

    Manjit Kahlon of Provectus Group Ltd describes how it investigated the effect of thermally enhanced soil vapour extraction (TESVE) on indigenous microbial communities and the potential for subsequent biological polishing of chlorinated solvents Field trials were done at the Western Storage Area (WSA) of Harwell in Oxfordshire, a former nuclear research site being decommissioned by Research Sites ...


    By Newzeye Ltd

  • Bioremediation/natural attenuation continues after ISCO treatment

    Scientists and engineers from the private sector and EPA are evaluating the potential for in situ bioremediation and/or natural attenuation to successfully treat residual soil and ground-water contamination after source-area in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) treatment. The studies were prompted by concerns that the two treatment technologies may be incompatible due to detrimental impacts on ...

  • Microbes in oil E&P

    The role of microbes in the oil industry, both detrimental and beneficial, has now become more and more accepted. Reservoir souring and microbial influenced corrosion cost the oil and gas business millions of dollars every year, and require adequate mitigation and surveillance strategies. Monitoring using modern molecular microbiological methods has facilitated a better understanding of ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Bioventing

    Introduction Bioventing is a promising new technology that stimulates the natural in situ biodegradation of any aerobically degradable compounds in soil by providing oxygen to existing soil microorganisms. In contrast to soil vapor vacuum extraction, bioventing uses low air flow rates to provide only enough oxygen to sustain microbial activity. Oxygen is most commonly supplied through direct air ...

  • Results of trials to remove BOD/COD from effluent arising from cellulosic fibre production case study

    A man-made natural fibre producer had produced a new high strength, fibrillated cellulosic fibre derived from wood pulp destined for use in garment manufacture. As a result of the IPC authorisation attached to the production of this product it became necessary to establish the biodegradability of various effluent streams leaving the production plant. In order to evaluate the feasibility of ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Results of trials to remove BOD/COD from effluent arising from cellulosic fibre production case study

    A man-made natural fibre producer had produced a new high strength, fibrillated cellulosic fibre derived from wood pulp destined for use in garment manufacture. As a result of the IPC authorisation attached to the production of this product it became necessary to establish the biodegradability of various effluent streams leaving the production plant. In order to evaluate the feasibility of ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Bioaugmentation is a cost-effective and sustainable remediation alternative

    Selecting a remediation alternative that is compatible with the natural soil and ground water conditions is not only a more sustainable approach, but leads to significant savings. Comparison between bioaugmentation and other remediation methods in the five recognized sustainability criteria demonstrates the advantages of bioaugmentation. While this paper is nota complete quantitative analysis, it ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • UV disinfection for enhanced oil recovery and other oilfield applications

    One of the biggest challenges facing oil companies today is how to extract more oil from the discoveries made in the last 40 years. Estimates vary, but approximately 66% of the discovered oil gets left in the ground. The International Energy Agency has estimated that if, in the next 20 years, this figure could be reduced to 50%, then this would increase the world's recoverable oil by 1.2 trillion ...


    By atg UV Technology

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