aerobic mixing Articles

  • Removal of endosulfan using aerobic mixed bacterial culture

    With the increasing use of pesticides in modern agriculture, increased evidence of their disastrous effects on the environment has been noticed. Pesticides applied in various modes and places contaminate various parts of the environment, including groundwater sources. As pesticide problems are greater in the rural areas, the authors have developed a successful low-cost technology for rural areas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Options

    Aerobic wastewater treatment ranges from the simple to revolutionary technologies like MABR, which saves energy and is ideal for decentralized treatment ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Aerators Enhance Aerobic Digestion Process

    The city of Eden,N.C.,operates an extended aeration process designed for an average flow rate of 13.5 mgd with a mixed liquor suspended solids concentration that typically checks in about 6,000 mg/l. This high biomass concentration is necessary to provide a well-settling sludge and good effluent quality. Further, the plant influent is approximately 40% domestic wastewater and 60% industrial ...


    By S&N Airoflo Inc.

  • Performance of aerobic granular sludge at variable circulation rate in anaerobic–aerobic conditions

    Aerobic granular sludge (AGS) has been applied to treat a broad range of industrial and municipal wastewater. AGS can be developed in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with alternating anaerobic–aerobic conditions. To provide anaerobic conditions, the mixed liquor is allowed to circulate in the reactor without air supply. The circulation flow rate of mixed liquor in anaerobic condition is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Syntrophy of aerobic and anaerobic ammonia oxidisers

    Deammonification is known as an efficient and resource saving sidestream process option to remove the nitrogen load from sludge liquors. The transfer of the intermediate product nitrite between both syntrophic groups of organisms – aerobic and anaerobic ammonia oxidizers (AOB) – appears very sensitive to process conditions such as temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO) and operating nitrite level. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water mixing in waste lagoons

    Man-made lagoons have been used worldwide for the treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater, it seems, forever. All waste lagoons were first designed and thoughtfully planned considering their locations, soil makeup, and waste reduction processes prior to being implemented. The biological process of organic waste reduction is always a consideration of waste lagoon designs. There are three ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • The effects of different aeration patterns on aerobic granulation

    In this study, the effects of aeration patterns in terms of intra- (S1) and extra- (S2) aeration on aerobic granulation were investigated. Granules developed in S1 were retarded due to the high shear force of highly mixed air bubbles, and they were more solid while the S2 granules were porous with many distinct pores and channels. Mature granules in two series had comparable specific oxygen ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Kinetic evaluation for aerobic biodegradation of resorcinol in a batch reactor

    Mixed microbial cultures contained in the sludge of effluent treatment plant of a coke oven industry have been studied for its resorcinol biodegradation capacity under aerobic environment. The result showed that, after necessary acclimatisation, the culture was able to biodegrade up to a concentration of 500 mg/L of resorcinol in the substrate. The specific growth rate of microorganisms was found ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The effects of salinity on coupled nitrification and aerobic denitrification in an estuarine system

    Salinity has significant effects on nitrification and denitrification processes, particularly in estuarine systems. A dissolved oxygen-enriched river and its estuary in northern China were selected to investigate the impact of salinity gradients (0.6, 4, 7.6, 11.4 and 14.7‰) obtained from the mixing of river samples and estuarine samples with different proportions on coupled nitrification ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A case for aerobic sludge granulation: from pilot to full scale

    A pilot-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) treating 120 m3/d of a town's wastewater was set up in 2009 and aerobic granules with a mean diameter of 0.28 mm, mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) of 7,500 mg/L and sludge volume index (SVI)30 of 43 mL/g were achieved. A full-scale SBR with 50,000 m3/d for treating a town's wastewater was operated in 2010 and aerobic granules ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of mixing conditions on anaerobic digester performance

    The basic principle of aerobic wastewater treatment is the conversion of some parts of organic matters to biomass and this causes production of excessive sludge in aerobic processes. This excessive sludge is withdrawn from time to time to prevent accumulation of biomass in aeration basin. In most cases, this sludge requires the stabilization before the dewatering and disposal. Different processes ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Mixed-oxidant application in cooling tower maintenance

    Tests using the MIOX-generated mixed-oxidant solution instead of oxidizing biocides (chlorine or bromine) for cooling tower maintenance, and eliminating all other biocides, in first an established cooling tower and subsequently in two new cooling towers found: (1) aerobic bacteria counts consistently less than 1000/mL in the cooling water (no colonies on the standard Easicult TTC1 dip slide ...

  • Modeling and verification of selective sludge discharge as the controlling factor for aerobic granulation

    Mathematical simulation and laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the controlling factor for aerobic sludge granulation. A model was used to describe the biomass dynamics during the granulation process. The simulation results indicate that the selective discharge of small and loose sludge flocs is the key controlling factor for granulation. In the experimental studies, tests were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ammonium-oxidizing bacteria facilitate aerobic degradation of sulfanilic acid in activated sludge

    Sulfanilic acid (SA) is a toxic sulfonated aromatic amine commonly found in anaerobically treated azo dye contaminated effluents. Aerobic acclimatization of SA-degrading mixed microbial culture could lead to co-enrichment of ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) because of the concomitant release of ammonium from SA oxidation. To what extent the co-enriched AOB would affect SA oxidation at various ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aerobic treatment for Reuse of Wastewater at Fish processing plant - Case study

    Advanced technology treats difficult effluent for reuse and eliminates the need to buy imported water ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • A performance evaluation of three membrane bioreactor systems: aerobic, anaerobic, and attached-growth

    Water sustainability is essential for meeting human needs for drinking water and sanitation in both developing and developed countries. Reuse, decentralization, and low energy consumption are key objectives to achieve sustainability in wastewater treatment. Consideration of these objectives has led to the development of new and tailored technologies in order to balance societal needs with the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mixed organic waste composting using rotary drum composter

    A combination of vegetable waste, cattle manure and saw dust was utilised for high rate composting in a household rotary drum composter. It was found that temperature remained above 55?C for a period of two days, Faecal Coliforms and Faecal Streptococci decrease from 7.5 ? 108 to 5 ? 102 and 1.5 ? 107 to 5 ? 103 bacteria/g, respectively. Negligible VFAs production indicated full aerobic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The principles of aeration and mixing utilizing process aerator technology

    Aeration and mixing are necessary elements for aerobic biological wastewater treatment processes to maintain a healthy, stabilized biological population and thus, insure optimal treatment of the wastewater assuming there is adequate contact time and substrate available. In the design of wastewater treatment plants, aeration typically involves supply of both oxygen and mixing. Aeration is a large ...

  • The use of polyaluminium chloride for removing colour, COD and ammonia from semi-aerobic leachate

    This research examined various experimental conditions for application of Polyaluminium Chloride (PAC) for removing colour, COD and ammonia from semi-aerobic. The removals of colour, COD and ammonia were up to 93%, 56% and 32%, respectively, at an optimum dosage of 2000 mg/L PAC. Rapid and slow mixing speed played only a minor role in the removal efficiencies for colour, COD and ammonia. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simultaneous Nitrification Denitrification in an Aerobic MBR Treating High Strength Pet Food Wastewater

    This paper discusses nitrogen removal mechanisms in an aerobic membrane bioreactor (MBR) treating high strength pet food wastewater characterized by oil & grease, COD, BOD5, TSS, TKN, NH4-N concentrations of 2800 mg/L, 25000 mg/L, 10000 mg/L, 4500 mg/L, 1650 mg/L and 1300 mg/L respectively. An MBR operating at SRT >25 days achieved mixed liquor total suspended solids (MLTSS) concentrations ...

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