agriculture biotechnology Articles

  • Use of vermicomposting biotechnology for recycling organic wastes in agriculture

    Recent trend of declining sustainability in agricultural production is appearing as a major threat to most of the Asian countries. To combat the situation, increasing importance is now being paid on incorporation of organic materials for rejuvenating the health condition and, hence, the productivity of these soils. Large scale availability of conventional organic manures being a big problem ...

  • Agricultural biotechnology R&D and innovations in Nigeria

    This study examined the nature and extent of the agricultural biotechnology R&D and innovations in Nigeria. Data were collected from the Directors, Heads of Crop Units and Research Scientists in the agricultural research institutes using structured and unstructured questionnaires and interview schedules. The data collected were analysed using frequencies, means and percentages. The study revealed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology in India: ethics, business and politics

    This paper deals with the case of Bt cotton in Gujarat, India, as an illustration of how public policy chickens out when large-scale violation of ethical and scientific norms takes place with positive business outcomes. Entrepreneurial spirit has created a unique case of farmer participatory research whereon farm crosses are being made between Bt cotton varieties and other released varieties. New ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology policies and research investments in Mexico

    This paper examines the agricultural biotechnology research situation in Mexico. In addition to providing insights into the institutional and policy evolution, it analyses a quantitative survey of biotechnology investments in the 14 most important national public and private research organisations from 1985 to 1997. During this time period, Mexico experienced a noteworthy biotechnology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Perspectives on precaution: the role of policymakers in dealing with the uncertainties of agricultural biotechnology

    From 1999 to 2004, the European Union had in place a moratorium on new genetically modified (GM) products. This moratorium created a tense trade dispute between the United States and the EU. While the moratorium has now been lifted, differences remain between the EU's and US's approach to GM products. The essence of the conflict involves differing approaches to the rate of technological transfer. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are developing-country policies and investments promoting research and research partnerships in agricultural biotechnology?

    This article presents findings from two studies of public-sector research on agricultural biotechnology. The first focuses on national agricultural research organisations and universities in developing countries, while the second focuses on public?private research collaborations with international agricultural research centres. Findings suggest that a number of developing countries are, in fact, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY TO INDUSTRIAL SUSTAINABILITY

    INTRODUCTION Although nowdays often associated only with advances in medical therapeutics and production of pharmaceuticals, biotechnology is much more generally defined as ‘the application of microorganisms/cells or components thereof (e.g., enzymes) for the production of useful goods and services’. As such it has a particularly important role to play in the development of sustainable ...

  • Scientific transparency for sustainable biotechnology

    The increasing use of new biotechnologies for industrial production represents a potential contribution to sustainable development. To realise this potential a learning process of stakeholder involvement is needed, supported by a practical tool to make biotechnology debates less confused by stakeholder controversy and more scientifically transparent. We suggest a mechanism of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Causes and consequences of international trade conflict over agricultural biotechnology

    This article shows why and how differences across countries in agri-biotech regulation create tensions in the world trading system. It explores how these tensions could develop into full-blown trade conflicts. It also assesses the consequences of such trade conflicts for biotechnology and for developing countries. Stripped of all analytical caveats, the prognosis is rather pessimistic. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology in developing countries: opportunities in solid state fermentation applied in the agricultural industry

    This paper summarises the experiences in Israel and elsewhere of the biotechnological processing of organic matter experiences that could be applied in developing countries. Emphasis is given to relatively simple technologies, and the applications include preservation of forage crops and by-products, mushroom cultivation and recovery of plant cell contents. These technologies might increase milk ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • From principle to action: applying the precautionary principle to agricultural biotechnology

    The precautionary principle advises that we take measures to avoid harm to the environment and public health even when there is scientific uncertainty regarding the nature and extent of harms that may result. The principle is rapidly evolving and gaining status in national and international law. We review four key elements included in all interpretations of the precautionary principle to date. We ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Managing agricultural biotechnology for sustainable development: the case of semi-arid India

    Managing agricultural biotechnology for sustainable development demands more than research and intellectual property rights policies. Economic and regulatory institutions conducive to application of intrinsically sustainable technologies are also required. From an interdisciplinary development research perspective, it is argued that sustainability of Indian agriculture and food crop production ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology and trade concerns in India: issues and policy options

    The introduction of genetically modified products has raised several issues related to safety, labelling and identifying preservation. These concerns have trade specific implications as well. This paper makes an effort to take stock of broad institutional arrangements which have come up to address some of these concerns viz. a viz. trade obligations. In this context, the role of the Cartagena ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology: risks and opportunities for developing country food security

    Agricultural biotechnology presents opportunities for reducing poverty, food insecurity, child malnutrition, and natural resource degradation. Small farmers in developing countries are faced with many problems and constraints which biotechnology may assist. About 1.2 billion people, or one of every five humans, live in a state of absolute poverty, on the equivalent of US$1 a day or less. Modern ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology and International Law

    As its title suggests, this book deals with possible impacts of modern biotechnology on international law and how international law can be adapted to meet the new challenges presented by such technology. It grew out of a collective research project in the period between 2003 and 2005 by a number of scholars and experts in this field, including academics, practitioners and officials of ...


  • Bioethics: perceptions of biotechnology and policy implications

    Modern biotechnology has already had a great impact on medicine and agriculture. It is important to see these benefits and risks in an international way because the world is becoming smaller and ever more interdependent. Overall, most people in industrialised countries perceive more benefit than harm from science and believe that improved quality of life depends on scientific knowledge. This ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology and biodiversity debates and policies in Africa

    After a decade of global diffusion, and the realisation of some economic benefits, the environmental impact of Genetically Modified (GM) crop technologies remains inconclusive and a source of considerable threat to biodiversity-rich Africa. Drawing on evidence from Ethiopia and South Africa, this paper characterises debates, considers policy and discusses the rationale for proactive GM technology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How biotechnology is changing the structure of the seed industry

    The seed industry has been in a state of restructuring for many years now. New firms have entered the industry and old players have merged. Firms from various backgrounds now compete in supplying seed to agriculture and horticulture traditional seed companies, new biotechnology firms, agrochemical companies, food processors and wholesalers/retailers. As biotechnology enables the enhancement of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology and the changing structure of agri-food supply chains

    Rapid technological change in agricultural biotechnology, the characteristics of the technology and firms' strategic responses have altered the structure of the agricultural input supply sector and are changing vertical relationships between firms downstream in the agri-food chain. A number of economic theories shed light on what is happening, why it is happening and how the agri-food chain may ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology and international relations: forging new strategic partnerships

    This paper argues that the USA should use its large stocks of scientific and technological knowledge (as well as allied resources) related to biotechnology to help solve food security challenges in developing countries, especially in Africa. Achieving this goal, however, will require the USA and its partners in Africa to focus on the role of science and technology as an instrument of good ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you