agriculture biotechnology Articles

  • Agricultural biotechnology R&D and innovations in Nigeria

    This study examined the nature and extent of the agricultural biotechnology R&D and innovations in Nigeria. Data were collected from the Directors, Heads of Crop Units and Research Scientists in the agricultural research institutes using structured and unstructured questionnaires and interview schedules. The data collected were analysed using frequencies, means and percentages. The study revealed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology policies and research investments in Mexico

    This paper examines the agricultural biotechnology research situation in Mexico. In addition to providing insights into the institutional and policy evolution, it analyses a quantitative survey of biotechnology investments in the 14 most important national public and private research organisations from 1985 to 1997. During this time period, Mexico experienced a noteworthy biotechnology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Plant biotechnology and agricultural supply industry restructuring

    The strategic horizon of the agricultural supply industry (pesticides and seeds) is darkened by grave uncertainties. These are the result of the growing multiform resistance of society to the present or potential risks of genetically modified organisms to health and the environment. They are also the consequences of counter-strategies implemented by economic players who are close to final ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Stakeholder perceptions towards agricultural biotechnology in Mexico

    National debates on the risks and benefits of agricultural biotechnology are strongly framed by a country's particular cultural, historical and environmental circumstances, as well as political and economic interests. The following study uses the case of Mexico to investigate stakeholder attitudes in the public debate on agricultural biotechnology in developing countries. For this purpose, a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology in India: ethics, business and politics

    This paper deals with the case of Bt cotton in Gujarat, India, as an illustration of how public policy chickens out when large-scale violation of ethical and scientific norms takes place with positive business outcomes. Entrepreneurial spirit has created a unique case of farmer participatory research whereon farm crosses are being made between Bt cotton varieties and other released varieties. New ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Perspectives on precaution: the role of policymakers in dealing with the uncertainties of agricultural biotechnology

    From 1999 to 2004, the European Union had in place a moratorium on new genetically modified (GM) products. This moratorium created a tense trade dispute between the United States and the EU. While the moratorium has now been lifted, differences remain between the EU's and US's approach to GM products. The essence of the conflict involves differing approaches to the rate of technological transfer. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are developing-country policies and investments promoting research and research partnerships in agricultural biotechnology?

    This article presents findings from two studies of public-sector research on agricultural biotechnology. The first focuses on national agricultural research organisations and universities in developing countries, while the second focuses on public?private research collaborations with international agricultural research centres. Findings suggest that a number of developing countries are, in fact, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology in the global economy

    Agricultural biotechnology is the subject of extensive public debates in many countries. This article summarises the results of the International Conference on Biotechnology in the Global Economy held in September 1999 at Harvard University. The article shows that many of the debates are a result of a governance challenge involving the need to bring social institutions in line with advances in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Causes and consequences of international trade conflict over agricultural biotechnology

    This article shows why and how differences across countries in agri-biotech regulation create tensions in the world trading system. It explores how these tensions could develop into full-blown trade conflicts. It also assesses the consequences of such trade conflicts for biotechnology and for developing countries. Stripped of all analytical caveats, the prognosis is rather pessimistic. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Managing agricultural biotechnology for sustainable development: the case of semi-arid India

    Managing agricultural biotechnology for sustainable development demands more than research and intellectual property rights policies. Economic and regulatory institutions conducive to application of intrinsically sustainable technologies are also required. From an interdisciplinary development research perspective, it is argued that sustainability of Indian agriculture and food crop production ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • From principle to action: applying the precautionary principle to agricultural biotechnology

    The precautionary principle advises that we take measures to avoid harm to the environment and public health even when there is scientific uncertainty regarding the nature and extent of harms that may result. The principle is rapidly evolving and gaining status in national and international law. We review four key elements included in all interpretations of the precautionary principle to date. We ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY TO INDUSTRIAL SUSTAINABILITY

    INTRODUCTION Although nowdays often associated only with advances in medical therapeutics and production of pharmaceuticals, biotechnology is much more generally defined as ‘the application of microorganisms/cells or components thereof (e.g., enzymes) for the production of useful goods and services’. As such it has a particularly important role to play in the development of sustainable ...

  • Scientific transparency for sustainable biotechnology

    The increasing use of new biotechnologies for industrial production represents a potential contribution to sustainable development. To realise this potential a learning process of stakeholder involvement is needed, supported by a practical tool to make biotechnology debates less confused by stakeholder controversy and more scientifically transparent. We suggest a mechanism of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology and trade concerns in India: issues and policy options

    The introduction of genetically modified products has raised several issues related to safety, labelling and identifying preservation. These concerns have trade specific implications as well. This paper makes an effort to take stock of broad institutional arrangements which have come up to address some of these concerns viz. a viz. trade obligations. In this context, the role of the Cartagena ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology: risks and opportunities for developing country food security

    Agricultural biotechnology presents opportunities for reducing poverty, food insecurity, child malnutrition, and natural resource degradation. Small farmers in developing countries are faced with many problems and constraints which biotechnology may assist. About 1.2 billion people, or one of every five humans, live in a state of absolute poverty, on the equivalent of US$1 a day or less. Modern ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology and International Law

    As its title suggests, this book deals with possible impacts of modern biotechnology on international law and how international law can be adapted to meet the new challenges presented by such technology. It grew out of a collective research project in the period between 2003 and 2005 by a number of scholars and experts in this field, including academics, practitioners and officials of ...


  • Biotechnology and biodiversity debates and policies in Africa

    After a decade of global diffusion, and the realisation of some economic benefits, the environmental impact of Genetically Modified (GM) crop technologies remains inconclusive and a source of considerable threat to biodiversity-rich Africa. Drawing on evidence from Ethiopia and South Africa, this paper characterises debates, considers policy and discusses the rationale for proactive GM technology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology and international relations: forging new strategic partnerships

    This paper argues that the USA should use its large stocks of scientific and technological knowledge (as well as allied resources) related to biotechnology to help solve food security challenges in developing countries, especially in Africa. Achieving this goal, however, will require the USA and its partners in Africa to focus on the role of science and technology as an instrument of good ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Book Review: Science, agriculture and the politics of policy: the case of biotechnology in India by Ian Scoones

    Science, agriculture and the politics of policy: the case of biotechnology in India, by Ian Scoones. New Delhi, Orient Longman, 2006 India. ISBN: 81 250 2942 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Industrial Biotechnology - ASTM Organizes New Technical Committee

    With a total population of nearly 7.2 billion people, and a new birth every eight seconds, our modest planet is straining at the seams. Finding ways to maximize the sustainability of the resources that support us all is of critical importance. One such effort falls under the general heading of industrial biotechnology, which is based on a fascinating premise: that ...


    By ASTM International

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