air analytical Articles

  • Operational short-range analytical air pollution modelling

    Operational models that use solutions of the advection-diffusion equation based on more realistic assumptions than that of homogeneous wind and eddy diffusivity coefficients are presented. In particular, these solutions accept that wind and eddy diffusivity profiles are power functions of the height. Moreover, a practical short-range model evaluating ground-level concentrations from elevated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gas Chromatography: MCERTS Certification for Ambient Air Analysis on Benzene and VOCs

    Due to environmental issues, the world of gas analysis is evolving very rapidly.Governments set the rules to limit and control the environmental pollution through legislation.Volatile organic compounds (VOCs),often produced by human activities, are amongst the sources of pollution that need to be identified and quantified for safety reasons. Exposure to high concentrations of certain VOCs is ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • An approximate analytical method to size an air vessel in a water supply system

    The size parameters of an air vessel, mainly including its initial gas volume and total volume, account for its performance in hydraulic transients. Traditionally, the size of an air vessel in a given water supply system is estimated by trial and error, usually aided by computers. To simplify the preliminary estimation of the air vessel's volume, in this paper, an approximate analytical method ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of process analytics in cryogenic air separation plants – Case Study

    For further treatment of primary and intermediate materials, large amounts of oxygen and nitrogen are required by many industries, e. g. chemical and petrochemical, metal, semiconductor and food industry, in machine construction and many others. Oxygen and nitrogen are, together with Argon, the main constituents of ambient air. They are obtained from there by means of the air separation ...

  • Analytical Support for Cost-Effective Pollution Control

    ' Analytical tools have been developed by the World Bank Group to estimate rapidly the extent and impacts of pollution in a given situation and to support decisions on pollution management. These tools help decision makers to overcome the frequent lack of data on emissions from different sources, their impact on ambient quality, and mitigation alternatives.' Decision Support System for ...


    By The World Bank

  • A Summary of Available Analytical Methods for the Determination of Siloxanes in Biogas

    ABSTRACT The importance of measuring siloxanes has increased with the recent growth of the landfill-gas-to-energy (LFGTE) market. Siloxanes and other biogas impurities can form a residue upon combustion in engines that may increase maintenance and reduce engine lifetime.  A siloxanes analysis can assist with either determining if a bioaas purification system is needed, or if a system is ...


    By Eurofins Air Toxics Inc

  • Process analytics in methanol plants – Case Study

    Methanol is a clear liquid usually made from natural gas. It is a clean burning fuel, containing almost no sulphur or nitrogenous materials. It is a petrochemical that is used to make countless industrial and consumer products. In the future, methanol could be used as a source of hydrogen for fuel cells. Different concepts are in use to produce methanol looking always for higher plant efficiency ...

  • News on Air 2013, Volume 2: Products for Separation

    Supelco® has developed the most extensive line of special purpose columns designed for industry specific applications; including environmental and industrial hygiene. These columns are manufactured to deliver high resolution, great analyte response, low bleed and long column life; allowing analysts to achieve the analytical performance they require. In this issue, you will find easy-to-read ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Comparison between analytical models to simulate pollutant dispersion in the atmosphere

    We present a numerical and statistical comparison between ADMM and GILTT approaches to simulate pollutant dispersion in the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL). The numerical and statistical comparison of the ADMM and GILTT results confirms the equivalence of these methods. However, the ADMM approach is more efficient under computational point of view regarding the issue of computational time and, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluating Guidelines for Air Sampling Methods Utilizing Chromatographic Analysis

    The following evaluation guidelines were developed to provide chemists of the Methods Development Team with a uniform and practical means for evaluating sampling and analytical methods that utilize chromatographic techniques. The guidelines define sampling and analytical parameters, specify required laboratory tests, statistical calculations, and criteria for acceptance, and provide a detailed ...

  • The Application of TO-15 to Naphthalene Measurements in Indoor Air

    Introduction Naphthalene has recently become a compound of concern in many vapor intrusion investigations as a result of its reclassification to a carcinogen by California EPA and its proposed change to a 'likely carcinogen' by the USEPA. Naphthalene is commonly found in petroleum-based fuels and may be present at former manufactured gas plants. To assess the health risk of naphthalene vapor ...


    By Eurofins Air Toxics Inc

  • Process analytics in gas-to-liquid (GTL) plants – Case Study

    NG, FT and GTL Natural Gas (NG) is a vital component of the world's supply of energy. It is one of the cleanest, safest, and most useful of all energy sources. NG is colorless, shapeless, and odorless in its pure form. It is combustible, and when burned it emits lower levels of potentially harmful byproducts into the air than other fuels. NG is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases. While it ...

  • News on Air 2013: Special Edition for Petrochemical Industry

    This volume features Air Monitoring products that are used the petrochemical industry to ensure worker and community safety.  Supelco's air monitoring products are useful for sampling of indoor (workplace) air and ambient air for a wide variety of analytes, such as aldehydes, volatile organic chemicals (VOC), benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylene (BTEX) and other polyaromatic compounds ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • News on Air 2013, Volume 3: Products for Analysis and Quantification

    Welcome to the third volume of our News On Air bulletin. This edition focuses on the often overlooked and neglected, but one of the most crucial steps in the analytical workflow: selecting the correct reagents and analytical reference materials for your application. In this edition, you can get tools to help you select applications for air sampling; find air and emmissions proficiency testing ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Research on the economic consequences of the health effects of air pollution in the UK: its methodological, meta-analytical and innovative aspects

    Epidemiological research has identified that there exists a correlation between days of high air pollution and the timing of death for large numbers of individuals. Before economic values can be attached to these impacts, however, greater information is required on the extent of life lost and the socio-economic characteristics of those at greatest risk. It may be more fruitful to base willingness ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A demonstration of the necessity and feasibility of using a clumsy decision analytic approach on wicked environmental problems

    Since controversy, conflict, and lawsuits frequently characterize U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) decisions, it is important that USEPA decision makers understand how to evaluate and then make decisions that have simultaneously science‐based, social and political implications. Air quality management is one category of multi‐dimensional decision making at USEPA. The Philadelphia, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Calculating pressure drop of nanofiber air filter media

    Nanofibers are becoming an integral part of many advanced air filtration media thanks to their enormous specific surface area. The large surface area, however, can cause strong resistance against fluid motion, which leads to an increase in pressure drop. Pressure drop caused by fibrous media has been the focus of many pioneering studies in the past, resulting in analytical or empirical ...

  • Air Sampling During NPP Accident

    There has been considerable interest recently generated regarding emergency air sampling protocols as a result of the Fukushima accident in Japan. A major concern involving air sampling requirements is the accurate determination of gaseous-radioactive iodine species emitted from the NPP to the environment as a result of an accident. During normal NPP operation gaseous radioactive iodine ...

  • Analytical model for uni–directional flow passive soil vapour extraction system

    An analytical one–dimensional model has been developed to examine the uni–directional barometric pumping in passive Soil Vapour Extraction (SVE) system. The model is applicable to a special case in which a radial flow field is insignificant. The system considered contains two unsaturated zone layers, an upper contaminated low permeability layer and a lower high permeability layer contains a well ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analytical Solutions for Free-Hydrocarbon Recovery using Skimmer and Dual-Pump Wells

    Accidental release of petroleum hydrocarbons to the subsurface may occur through spills around refineries, leaking pipelines, storage tanks or other sources. If the spill is large, the hydrocarbon liquids may eventually reach a water table and spread laterally in a pancake-like lens. Hydrocarbons that exist as a separate phase are termed light non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPL). The portion of the ...

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