air dispersion monitoring Articles

  • A project "Transformation of air-pollution, modelling its transport and dispersion"

    Information about a new project is given in this contribution. The project is financed by the Czech Ministry of Environment and deals with the problem of summer photochemical smog formation. Field campaigns and utilisation of existing monitoring network data are supposed for analysing both biogenic emissions and emissions due to human activity. An important part of this project consists in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced thermal dispersion mass flowmeters

    Thermal dispersion (TD) mass flowmeters measure the mass flowrate of fluids (primarily gases) flowing through a closed conduit, such as a pipe. This article describes the operation and installation of TD mass flowmeters, and gives the reader information about what applications these meters are most suited for. Background The first general description of TD mass flowmeters is ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Canarina DISPER Software · indoor air quality dispersion · algorithms 8

      Canarina DISPER Software · indoor air quality dispersion   9.1.3 Wind Speed Profile  The wind power law is used to adjust the observed wind speed, uref, from a reference measurement height, ...

  • Canarina DISPER Software · air toxics dispersion model · algorithms 7

      Canarina DISPER Software · air toxics dispersion model   9.1.2 Downwind and Crosswind Distances  The model uses a Cartesian receptor network. All receptor points are converted to Cartesian (X,Y) coordinates ...

  • Dose projection using dispersion models

    Dose projection is a tool for decision making in the case of a nuclear emergency situation. In this work the dose projection software developed for the Krsko NPP located in Slovenia is described. This software can be used for a quick emergency evaluation in the case of a hypothetical pressurised water reactor accident, and for emergency exercises. The software was developed to estimate reactor ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canarina DISPER Software · air quality dispersion model · algorithms 3

      Canarina DISPER Software · air quality dispersion model   Symbol / Definition Ly= Initial plume length for Schulman-Scire downwash sources with enhanced lateral plume spread (m) Lb= Lesser of ...

  • A new paradigm for thermal dispersion mass flowmeters

    Since the publication of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standard on thermal dispersion mass flowmeters in 2011, there have been major advancements in the technology. A review of that standard and a discussion of technology advancements provide the background to understanding groundbreaking innovations in sensor design. That, along with a comprehensive algorithm facilitated by ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • An urban scale model for pollutant dispersion in Rome

    A Gaussian model software (Atmospheric Dispersion Model System?ADMS-Urban) is used to forecast the carbon monoxide concentrations in the Urban Boundary Layer (UBL) of the city of Rome, Italy. The simulations refer to 14 days during 2002. Two data set inputs were considered in order to evaluate the urban background concentration and the effects of the main roads surrounding the monitoring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Parametric study of the dispersion aspects in a street-canyon area

    Most modern cities practically consist of street canyons, making monitoring of the level of their pollution an important issue. In this study, a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation of pollutant dispersion was performed for a real, complex-geometry street canyon for various wind directions and speeds. Typical street-canyon effects – like the formation of a longitudinal vortex for wind ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Practical use of the ISCST3 model to select monitoring site locations for air pollution control

    We present an objective methodology for selection of the minimum number of sampling sites required to register the highest concentration values of air pollutants emitted from a continuous point source. The methodology is based on the analysis of 1-hour concentration values above a threshold value estimated by atmospheric dispersion models. The number and location of the air monitoring stations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Design methodology for background air pollution monitoring site selection in an urban area

    We present an air monitoring site selection procedure to determine the minimum number and location of monitoring stations to identify the occurrence of background concentrations greater than a reference value in an urban area. The objective technique reported here is based on the analysis of concentrations estimated using an urban dispersion model for at least one year of hourly information. As ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Validation of atmospheric dispersion models using ETEX data

    Two models frequently used to simulate the dispersion of pollutants in the atmosphere have been compared. This is necessary because only a well-tested and well-calibrated simulation model can be a good representation of the reality of the dispersion of pollutants. The models evaluated (HYSPLIT_4 with its four variants and MEDIA) were run using as input parameters the same meteorological dataset ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrocarbon Monitoring Technologies

    The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has increased the interest in technology in oil spills, cleanups and remediation. The Gulf of Mexico oil spill is expected to present challenges to every person in the region whose livelihood or operations depend on access to clean water and air.While the obvious presence of crude oil floating on the surface appears to have diminished, the concern that the bulk ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Chemical reactions at street scale using a Lagrangian particle dispersion model

    In the context of the FEDER AIRCITY project, Paris City is modelled with a 3 m resolution with the purpose of computing pollutant concentration relevant for human exposition. This project involves AIRPARIF (Ile-de-France Air Quality Monitoring Network), for emission and immission data, CEA (French Atomic and Alternative Energy Agency) for HPC availability, National Geographic Institute (IGN) for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Balancing simplicity with accuracy in the use of dispersion modeling in the United States

    Dispersion modeling has been a requirement of air quality regulatory agencies in the United States for over 20 years. Over the years, the task of performing this modeling has shifted from the regulatory agency to the applicant. One purpose of the modeling is to show that air quality standards or air toxic guidelines will not be exceeded when the proposed modification or new facility is ...

  • Balancing simplicity with accuracy in the use of dispersion modelling in the United States

    Dispersion modelling has been a requirement of air-quality regulatory agencies in the United States for over 20 years. Over the years, the task of performing this modelling has shifted from the regulatory agency to the applicant. One purpose of the modelling is to show that air-quality standards or air toxic guidelines will not be exceeded when the proposed modification or new facility is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluating emergency response models of radiological dispersion in complex terrain

    Operational airborne releases of trace quantities of the radioactive noble gas 41Ar from the HIFAR Nuclear Research Reactor located in Sydney, Australia, are valuable for evaluating emergency response models incorporating radiological dispersion. A network of meteorological stations and GR–150 environmental gamma dose detectors are placed in the complex terrain within a 5 km radius of the site. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - N°AA3 – Ambiant air monitoring – WWP TRS MEDOR odor monitoring

    Context & Challenges Globally, the wastewater treatment is the first public health issue. Urban development leads to urbanization near waste water treatment plant and extension of sewerage network. These aspects induce to an augmentation of sulfur compounds (H2S, mercaptans and sulfides) which are very corrosive, odorant and toxic. To monitor this compounds online CHROMATOTEC® ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Applied comprehensive NO2 and particulate matter dispersion modelling for Switzerland

    This paper presents the NO2 and Particulate Matter (PM) dispersion modelling for the whole of Switzerland. Air quality maps are computed for the year 2000 and future years. Future developments like the EURO-4 legislation on motor vehicles are taken into account. For all major source groups (road traffic, off-road traffic, industry, households, etc.), separate countrywide emission inventories with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Designing and Implementing Perimeter Air Monitoring Programs

    Perimeter or fenceline ambient air quality and meteorological monitoring programs have become increasingly valuable at hazardous waste, landfill, dredging, ports, and MGP remediation sites. Air quality monitoring programs protect public health and reduce owner liability ...


    By AECOM

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