air flow calibrator Articles

  • Recent Improvements in Air Flow Calibration Reference Instruments

    A key element in radiation protection programs at commercial nuclear power plants, nuclear research facilities, fuel fabrication plants and regulatory agency oversight programs of licensees is management's ability to validate the accuracy of the many air sampling instruments utilized in the facility's radiation protection air monitoring programs. The volume of air sampled in each sample ...


    By F&J SPECIALTY PRODUCTS, INC.

  • The Fundamentals of the Air Sampler Calibration-Verification Process

    INTRODUCTION The calibration of an air sampling instrument using a reference air flow calibrator requires attention to scientific detail in order to establish that the instrument’s reported values are correctly stated and valid under the actual operating conditions of the air sampling instrument. DEFINITIONS For the purposes of this ...

  • Sonic nozzles for gas calibrators, when simplicity provides accuracy!

    Gas analyser’s calibration is a task required in many applications according to either legislation or quality systems management. This is the case for Air Pollution Monitoring or Continuous Emissions Monitoring devices installed in cabinets, for continuous analysis in remote locations. Measurements in traces range are performed and analytical devices specifications need to be validated and ...


    By LNI Swissgas

  • A Profiling System in Amazonia with Automatic Calibration based on the CIRAS-SC Analyzer

    Amazonia constitutes a large global store of carbon. Forest conversion in Amazonia is a net source of carbon to the atmosphere, while recent measurements indicate that undisturbed forest systems may be a net carbon sink. The importance of sequestration of carbon in regrowing forest and abandoned lands is unclear. These issues represent uncertainties in the global carbon balance and may influence ...


    By PP Systems

  • Case study - Sievers 900/5310 C series TOC analyzers — calibration

    Synopsis The Sievers* 900 and 5310 C Series TOC Analyzers incorporate a number of new features and options designed toimprove the accuracy and linearity of the TOC measurements. Three new calibration options are available in the Analyzers: automatic conductivity offset, automatic TOC autozero, and single- or multipoint calibration of the TC and IC channels Conductivity ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Air pollution – the invisible roadside killer

    The VW emissions scandal has helped to raise awareness of the deadly threat posed by air pollution in many of our towns and cities. In the following article, Jim Mills, Managing Director of Air Monitors, an instrumentation company, explains why diesel emissions will have to be lowered and how the latest monitoring technology will be an essential part of the solution. ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • The challenges and benefits of local air quality monitoring

    A new generation of air quality monitors is now being offered to provide localised, real-time air quality readings – but the potential benefit is only just starting to be realised. It is generally accepted that whilst measurements from air quality reference stations are highly accurate, they are not sufficiently location-specific. Key pollutants – such as NO2 and PM2.5 ...


    By AQMesh

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • New Developments in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters: In-The-Field Compensation for Changes in Natural Gas Composition

    Introduction The flow of natural gas in pipelines is often complicated by changes in the composition of the gas. The method described in this paper solves the problem of variable composition via a new four-temperature mass flow sensor. The new (low sensor feeds its measurements into the algorithms of an advanced mathematical model that includes gas properties in its calculations. The method ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Wastewater Plant Relies on Thermal Flow Meter for Co-Gen Power Gas Blending Process

    The Rahway Valley Sewerage Authority (RVSA), which operates a large wastewater treatment plant in New Jersey, embarked on a green co-generation waste-to-energy project to power a portion of its operations. The plant performs primary, secondary, tertiary and sludge treatment processes in serving over 250,000 residential customers and 3000 industrial and commercial customers in a 40-plus square ...


    By Modern Pumping Today

  • A neural network implemented microcontroller system for quantitative classification of hazardous organic gases in the ambient air

    In this study, a microcontroller-based gas mixture classification system is proposed to use real-time analyses of the trichloroethylene and acetone binary mixture. A Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN) structure is performed for quantitative identification of individual gas concentrations (trichloroethylene and acetone) in their gas mixtures. The phthalocyaninecoated Quartz Crystal Microbalance ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Detection of chlorpyrifos in air using low volume polyurethane foam (PUF) sampling with immunoassay

    MATRIX: Air samples ANALYTE: Chlorpyrifos RANGE OF DETECTION: 0.088 to 1.200 mg/m3 MATERIALS: Chlorpyrifos RaPID AssayÒ Kit and Sample Diluent. Reagents: methanol (pesticide grade). Equipment: 40 mL glass vials with Teflon lined caps, 13 x 100 mm glass test tubes, 5 mL and 20 mL serological pipets, micropipet ...


  • CIRAS-2 User Recalibration of CO2 and H2O

    The CIRAS-2 CO2/H2O analyzer is an inherently stable instrument and does NOT require frequent calibration. The AutoZero function corrects for nearly all changes that result in calibration drifts. The most common causes of drifts in CIRAS-2 readings are i) incorrect Zeros due to exhausted chemicals or ii) leaks on the desiccant columns from rolled or damaged o-rings and iii) incorrect Diff Bal, ...


    By PP Systems

  • Water Vapor Interference in the UV Absorption Measurement of Atmospheric Ozone

    In this thesis work, a significant and sometimes large water vapor interference inherent to many and possibly all UV-based, commercially available ozone monitors was positively identified for the first time.  Depending upon the instrument's recent atmospheric history and calibration method, zone monitors can give erroneous results both immediately and hours later, and as a consequence possibly ...


    By 2B Technologies

  • TVOC measurement for LEED/green building evaluation

    Total Volatile Organic Compounds (TVOC) may be evaluated when building designers/managers are pursuing the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Rating System for New Construction (LEED-NC) EQ Credit 3.2. The latest LEED-NC guidance document specifies that the maximum allowed concentration of TVOC measured in a building (post construction, pre-occupancy) is 500 µg/m3; the ...


  • Gas Analyser Unit

    Gas Analysers are used in several industries, chemical industries in particualr use gas analysers to monitor their gas emission levels, air quality samples are compared to high purity reference gases to analyse and measure the emissions.  A common practice is to “calibrate” the sample air against clean, dry pure reference gases such as H2, He, Ar, or N2. The ...


    By Fike UK

  • Water and vapor movement with condensation and evaporation in a sandy column

    The diffusion of warm, humid air into an initially cold, dry, sandy column was analyzed to study the movement of water vapor and liquid water under nonisothermal and low water content conditions. The analysis was performed using the HYDRUS-1D code. While the water retention curve of sand was measured experimentally, the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function was inversely estimated from the ...

  • Drying plastic resin pellets in injection- Molding & Extrusion processes case study

    Application Moisture concentrations are measured in the dry purge air used to remove moisture from a hopper containing plastic resin pellets used in injection-molding and extrusion processes. Problem Moisture contaminates the plastic resin pellets causing several quality problems in the finished plastic products. Moisture causes clear ...

  • Case of Study – Low nitrification

    BM Respirometer The respirometer utilized for the study was a BM-T, provided with external thermostatic unit (bath) This “batch system” respirometer consists of: a single reactor vessel, divided into two interconnected compartments with closed recirculation loop between the two. Both compartments are kept completely mixed by means of paddle stirrers and a peristaltic recirculation A ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Pure water pH measurement in low conductivity samples

    Normally, pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 uS/cm conductivity. The conductivity conies from dissolved solids, typically, salts plus net acid or base which explains the exhibited pH. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form, which makes such solutions conducting. With 1,000 uS/cm conductivity of mobile ions pH electrodes have a good circuit and give fast, ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

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