air modeling Articles

  • Area monitoring of specific ppb-level constituents utilizing process gas chromatography

    ABSTRACT In most of the industrialized countries worldwide, increasingly stringent environmental regulations require the continuous reduction of a wide range of emission sources and components. Despite local variations concerning concentrations, absolute emission quantity, target priorities and timetables, regulations typically require active compliance and proof thereof. The impact of ...

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • ALL4 Air Quality Modeling Update

    As it’s been over a year since my last air quality modeling-related 4TR article, I thought it appropriate to provide a general status report on the air quality modeling updates that have occurred over the last year.  ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • A modelling system for air quality management

    To develop effective air quality management strategies at regional and urban levels requires the preparation of several actions belonging to different scientific areas and analysis of their complex interactions. A well-structured management system must be based on efficient tools that integrate diverse sets of information - emissions, traffic, meteorological variables and air quality data. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Error Propagation in Air Dispersion Modeling

    Air dispersion modeling has been evolving since before the 1930s.  Over the last 15-25 years, strict environmental regulations and the availability of personal computers have fueled an immense growth in the use of mathematical models to predict the dispersion of air pollution plumes.  Beychok's recently published book, 'Fundamentals Of Stack Gas Dispersion', details the evolution of the widely ...


  • Dispersion models and air quality data for population exposure assessment to air pollution

    Evaluating the extent of exposure to chemicals in absence of continuous measurements of their concentration in air and direct measures of personal exposure is crucial for epidemiological studies. Dispersion models can be a useful tool for reproducing spatio-temporal distribution of contaminants emitted by a specific source. However, they cannot easily be applied to short-term epidemiological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of an integrated system for air pollutant dispersion modelling

    A complex expert system for air pollutant dispersion modeling (ScalEx) is currently being developed at Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy in Belgrade. The project goal is to develop a powerful software system as an engineering toolbox for modelling air pollutant dispersion under various conditions and terrain configurations. ScalEx is planned to be an integrated software system of the new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality assessment in Bologna by an urban dispersion model

    An urban dispersion model (ADMS?Urban) was run to calculate PM10 and NO2 concentration during a one-year period, on a district of Bologna, Italy. Moreover, the exposure of 333 children was estimated using model outputs corrected with observations. The model was able to correctly simulate the long-term statistical properties of roadside observed concentrations (such as annual mean and frequency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air dispersion modelling for individual exposure studies

    The concentration fluctuations of a dispersing hazardous gaseous pollutant in the atmospheric boundary layer, and the hazard associated with short–term concentration levels, demonstrate the necessity of estimating the magnitude of these fluctuations using predicting models. To predict and estimate the maximum expected dosage and the exposure time within which the dosage exceeds certain health ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion modelling: a tool for local air quality management

    A local air quality management system, and the use of dispersion modelling as a tool for the system, are described. The Turkish town of Gehze is used as a model.Keywords: air pollution, air quality management, dispersion modelling, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • State of the art of air pollution models, needs and trends

    This paper summarises the results of the investigations within task MA3-2 carried out by the European Topic Centre on Air Quality. The main aim of this task is to describe the state of the art of air pollution models, with special emphasis on needs for model application and trends in model development. From the results it can be inferred to what extent the needs are met by available models and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of air pollution from road traffic

    This paper presents the basic principles of the method of calculating air pollution from road traffic in an urban built-up area. The algorithm of the method is based on the numerical integration of stationary two-dimensional partial differential equations of turbulent diffusion, with boundary conditions for the street canyons. The method consists of two modules: KALIB and STREETS, which calculate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Different splitting techniques with application to air pollution models

    Splitting techniques are commonly used when large-scale models, which appear in different fields of science and engineering, are treated numerically. Four types of splitting procedures are defined and discussed. The problem of the choice of a splitting procedure is investigated. Several numerical tests, by which the influence of the splitting errors on the accuracy of the results is studied, are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Operational short-range analytical air pollution modelling

    Operational models that use solutions of the advection-diffusion equation based on more realistic assumptions than that of homogeneous wind and eddy diffusivity coefficients are presented. In particular, these solutions accept that wind and eddy diffusivity profiles are power functions of the height. Moreover, a practical short-range model evaluating ground-level concentrations from elevated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical modelling of air-water flows in sewer drops

    The presence of dissolved oxygen (DO) in water flows is an important factor to ensure the aerobic conditions recognised as beneficial to preventing the occurrence of detrimental effects. The incorporation of DO in wastewater flowing in sewer systems is a process widely investigated in order to quantify the effect of continuous reaeration through the air-liquid interface or air entrained due to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Air pollution modelling, sensitivity analysis and parallel implementation

    A new approach for Sensitivity Analysis (SA) in the field of air pollution modelling is proposed and applied to the Unified Danish Eulerian Model (UNI-DEM), a large-scale air pollution model. The SA requires numerous model experiments with different values of the studied parameters. By simultaneous variation of these parameters we produce a set of multidimensional discrete functions. These huge ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of air pollution in the area of Algiers City, Algeria

    Algiers is the political and economic capital of Algeria. The city drains a large part of the activities of the country with intense road traffic. This road traffic is the main source of air pollution, followed by industry and waste combustion. An application of the new road traffic emission model, called EMISENS, is performed to build road traffic emission inventories for the Algiers region. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Keeping the Increasing Complexity of Air Dispersion Modeling in Check

    Driven by advances in scientific knowledge, tightening and constantly changing regulations, and higher-resolution raw data, environmental modeling is demanding more and more from EH&S professionals and their computers. AERMOD run times for large projects are measured in days rather than minutes and terrain data file sizes routinely exceed 100 MB. Modelers can increase productivity and keep ...

  • Coupling of neural network and dispersion models: a novel methodology for air pollution models

    Supervised neural net models and dispersion models are two important approaches for evaluating air pollution concentrations. The authors propose the development of an integrated model, in order to optimise the performances of each methodology. The concentrations evaluated by an air pollution model are coupled with a Neural Net (NN), so as to adjust the influence of important variables on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air contaminants modelling by use of several receptor-oriented models

    Two data sets were apportioned by the use of several models (chemical mass balance (CMB), principal components analysis-absolute principal components scores (PCA-APCS), positive matrix factorisation (PMF) and UNMIX). Source apportionment were results derived from the CMB modelling applied to the data from Vienna point traffic source, paved road and crustal dust as the dominant contributors to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you