air pollution control protocol Articles

  • Ozone depleting substances (ODS) and The Montreal Protocol

    The Montreal Protocol, officially called the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, is an international treaty created to reduce the damage being caused to the stratospheric ozone layer by air pollutants such as refrigerant gases. The ozone layer protects the earth from damaging UV-B radiation, which could lead to increased cases of skin cancer, damaged crops and marine ...


    By Verisae

  • Air Pollution Is Making Office Workers Less Productive

    Businesses invest a great deal of time and money in interventions that claim to increase workers’ productivity through on-the-job training, new protocols, advice from consultants, and so on. Recent research suggests that there’s a surprising input into productivity that no one ever thinks about: clean air. We all know that air pollution is bad for our health, and researchers ...


    By Camfil Ltd

  • Technical protocol for evaluating natural attenuation of chlorinated solvents in ground water

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is charged by Congress with protecting the Nation’s land, air, and water resources. Under a mandate of national environmental laws, the Agency strives to formulate and implement actions leading to a compatible balance between human activities and the ability of natural systems to support and nurture life. To meet these mandates, EPA’s research ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

  • Composting releases less air pollution than previously thought - study

    A new study funded by the California Integrated Waste Board (CIWMB) indicates that well-managed composting of green waste and food waste releases significantly less air pollution than previously thought. The study also demonstrates that a relatively inexpensive management technique - covering active compost piles with a layer of finished compost - may lower air emissions even further, by as ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A quantitative approach to the traffic air quality problem: the traffic air quality index

    The Traffic Air Quality (TAQ) model is a simple tool to estimate traffic fine particulate emissions on roadways (g/km) and can be used for both real-time analysis and for localized conformity analysis (“hot-spot” analysis for nonattainment areas) as defined by 40 CFR 93.123. This paper is a follow-up to a study published earlier regarding the development of the TAQ model. This paper shows how ...

  • Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the European Atmosphere: An Updated Overview

    The industrial revolution and the resultant technological society have led to a continuous production and emission of new toxic substances causing gradual and widely diffuse adverse effects to the entire planet usually known as Global Environmental Changes. Climate change, ozone depletion and global distribution of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are, among other, important examples of ...


  • Transboundary initiatives for controlling sulphur, and possible lessons for CO2

    This paper addresses the concept of joint implementation as it relates to the Oslo Protocol of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. It introduces the complexity of emissions trading arising from the spatial nature of the pollutant, describes a system for establishing sulphur emission 'exchange rates' between host and donor parties, and illustrates these concepts using a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • VOC control efficiency compliance test case study

    Skyworks Solutions, Inc. (Skyworks) selected CK to perform a compliance emissions testing program to determine the control efficiency of a new Roto-Concentrator followed by a thermal oxidizer (RC/TOx) used to control volatile organic compounds/hazardous air pollutants (VOC/HAP) from multiple manufacturing processes. A facility air permit condition required compliance testing of the subject RC/TOx ...


    By CK Environmental, Inc.

  • Designing and Implementing Perimeter Air Monitoring Programs

    Perimeter or fenceline ambient air quality and meteorological monitoring programs have become increasingly valuable at hazardous waste, landfill, dredging, ports, and MGP remediation sites. Air quality monitoring programs protect public health and reduce owner liability ...


    By AECOM

  • Minimising Risks to Air Quality and Regulatory Compliance With Total Filter Management

    It has been shown in recent studies that as much as 25% of the total site operating budget (excluding raw material costs) for a typical medium-large dosage-form manufacturing facility will be spent on compliance measures for internal quality systems and external regulatory activities. (1) Market realities indicate that the pharmaceutical companies will need to address the overall cost of ...


    By GVS Filter Technology

  • The role of emissions trading in implementing the UN Climate Convention

    The Kyoto Protocol to the UN Climate Convention allows countries to meet greenhouse gas emission commitments in part through emissions trading. There is no precedent for a global regime and only the USA has domestic experience. The USA would prefer minimal constraints on greenhouse gas trading. The EU would like rules guaranteeing that trading will be supplemental to domestic action and that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Eco Justice

    It has been over five years since Canada ratified the Kyoto Protocol, and we’re still arguing over how to fulfill our commitments. Although the federal government’s lack of action with regards to Kyoto has become more controversial since the Conservatives took office, leading to widespread criticism of Canada’s stance at the most recent Conference of the Parties in Bali, we’ve never had a ...


    By Actual Media

  • Annual European Community LRTAP Convention Emission Inventory 1990–2004

    1.1 Background information on the InventoryThe United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (UNECE LRTAP Convention) was ratified (approved) by the European Community in 1982. Article 2 of the convention states that 'the Contracting Parties, taking due account of the facts and problems involved, are determined to protect man and his ...

  • Refrigerant leak creates environmental problems for businesses

    A great concern for companies is a refrigerant leak in their refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) system or heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system. That’s because gases that escape during a refrigerant leak pollute and damage the environment. To better monitor and maintain the operation of these business assets, many companies utilize a refrigerant management program.There ...


    By Verisae

  • California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32): Early actions for refrigerant gas management

    How to stay ahead and address the early action requirements for Stationary Equipment Refrigerant Management to be included in updates to AB 32. The California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32), first passed in 2006 with additional early actions taking effect in 2010, is a broad and comprehensive directive with the goal of reducing greenhouse gasses (GHGs) by approximately 25% by the year ...


    By Verisae

  • GAW Regional Station for Atmospheric Research

    The aim of the JRC-Ispra station is to monitor the concentration of pollutants in the gas phase, the particulate phase and precipitations, as well as aerosol optical parameters, which can be used for assessing the impact of European policies on air pollution and climate change. It is particularly well suited for the participation in international monitoring programs like the Co-operative program ...


  • Laboratory And Field Inter-Comparison of O3 Diffusive Samplers

    A field and laboratory inter-comparison of diffusive samplers for measuring ozone (O3) in ambient air was carried out. The objective of this study was the evaluation, according to the EN protocol of validation of diffusive samplers, of the extent of differences between O3 measurements performed by diffusive samplers and the reference method under extreme conditions of influencing factors. Ten ...


  • Suddenly greenhouse gas regulations

    FROM a whisper to a scream, from 0 to 60 in 4 seconds or less, whether you prefer music metaphors or car metaphors, all of a sudden it seems that regulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) is about to descend upon us. My reading list on the plane today includes the new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency GHG reporting requirements, a draft protocol from the California Climate Action Registry (CCAR) ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • `Sensitivity of Condensable Particulate Matter Speciation on Predicted Visibility Impacts – Case Study,` presented at the NCASI West Coast Conference, September 2005

    Introduction This paper evaluates a realistic case study for an existing major emission source that is required to evaluate visibility impacts at a nearby federally-protected Class I area. The fictitious source is a 1960's era coal-fired electric generating unit (EGU) characterized as a pulverized coal-fired, dry bottom, wall-fired boiler equipped with PM and NOx controls (i.e., ...


    By Trinity Consultants

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