air pollution directive Articles

  • Air pollution forecast in Portugal: a demand from the new air quality framework directive

    This work aims at developing and validating a numerical air quality operational forecasting system that will be applied over Portugal. The CHIMERE model was chosen for the chemistry-transport simulation using the meteorological parameters supplied by the MM5 mesoscale meteorological model, forced by the AVN/NCEP global forecasts. An experiment of 48-hour real-time forecast simulations was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution from ships

    Emissions from shipping contribute significantly to the concentrations and fallout of harmful air pollutants in Europe. There are however technical means by which these pollutants could be cut by as much as 80-90 per cent, and very cost-effectively compared with what would have to be done to achieve similar results by taking further measures on land-based sources. Such reductions are needed for ...

  • Air pollution from ships

    Untitled Document Introduction Emissions from shipping contribute significantly to the concentrations and fallout of harmful air pollutants in Europe. ...

  • Characterisation of pollutant sources in Istanbul with PM10 and EU directives

    Air pollution is globally significant because pollutants not only affect their source region, but also through transport they can affect other regions. The purpose of this study is to show the stand point of Turkey for EU directives. Sampling days that exceed PM10 limit values of EU PM10 restrictions are chosen as episode days for this research (PM10 > 150 μg/m³). Two test cases representative of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution potential in Buenos Aires city, Argentina

    A study of the climatology of ventilation properties of the atmosphere in Buenos Aires city has been carried out. From routinely available observational data, the daytime stability conditions and related ventilation factors and airflow characteristics are obtained and studied. In all cases, the seasonal and annual behaviour is analysed. The frequencies of occurrence of daytime reduced ventilation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution in Europe 1990-2004

    Overall picture This report analyses and presents changes in air pollutant emissions and their possible health or ecosystem impacts in Europe covering the period 1990–2004. Emissions of all air pollutants fell substantially during the period 1990–2004 in the 32 EEA member countries (EEA-32), resulting in improved air quality over the region. However, ambient concentrations of particulate ...

  • Air pollution by ozone in Europe in summer 2006

    This report provides an evaluation of ground-level ozone pollution in Europe for April-September 2006 based on information submitted to the European Commission under Directive 2002/3/EC on ozone in ambient air. Since the submitted data have not yet received their final validation by Member States, the conclusions drawn in this report should be considered as ...

  • Air pollution by ozone in Europe in summer 2004

    Untitled Document In summer 2004, the levels of ground-level ozone were high in ...

  • Air pollution by ozone in Europe in summer 2005

    Ground-level ozone is one of the air pollutants of most concern in Europe. Ozone pollution is produced by photochemical processes involving nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds in the lower parts of the atmosphere. Ozone levels become particularly high in regions close to high ozone precursor emissions and during summer when stagnant meteorological conditions with high insolation and ...

  • Treatment and Disposal of Air Pollution Control Residue

    What is APCr? Thermal waste management using Energy Recovery Facilities (ERFs) is now a well-managed and mature technology that is subject to environmental monitoring by a range of competent international bodies. These ERFs have been established as a means of diverting waste away from landfill disposal and for valorising the material and energy content of the waste. Counter to historic ...

  • Dispersion models and air quality data for population exposure assessment to air pollution

    Evaluating the extent of exposure to chemicals in absence of continuous measurements of their concentration in air and direct measures of personal exposure is crucial for epidemiological studies. Dispersion models can be a useful tool for reproducing spatio-temporal distribution of contaminants emitted by a specific source. However, they cannot easily be applied to short-term epidemiological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution at the Bily Kriz mountains in the Czech Republic

    An evaluation of air pollution at the Bily Kriz mountains in the Czech Republic is given. Annual daily concentrations of sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter of size 10 mm (PM10) and ozone (O3) measured in the years 1994–2000 are presented. Air pollution at Bily Kriz is assessed with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chemometrics in the assessment of local and trans-boundary air pollution

    This paper provides the results and assessment of local and transboundary pollution in the Pozna metropolitan area and at the Wielkopolski National Park, Poland. Precipitation that occurred simultaneously in both locations was collected and the analyses such as H+, F−, Cl−, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality modelling as a supplementary assessment method in the framework of the European Air Quality Directive

    According to the European Air Quality (AQ) Directive, member states must annually report their AQ to the European Commission (EC). This report can be based on modelling data if the concentration levels do not exceed the established lower assessment thresholds (LAT), or on combined data from modelling and monitoring systems (supplementary assessment methods) if concentrations levels are below the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air Pollution Control in the Printing and Web Coating Industries

    For many U.S. companies in the printing and web coating business, the use of an Air Pollution Control System (APCS) to control harmful air pollutants is not new.  In these industries, depending upon their location, companies have been installing APCS since the early 1970's.  However, for some companies the clock is still ticking regarding their compliance with local, state and federal ...


    By The CMM Group, LLC

  • Air pollution by ozone across Europe during summer 2011

    Ozone is the main product of complex photochemical processes in the lower atmosphere, involving NOX and VOCs as precursors. Ozone is a strong photochemical oxidant. In elevated concentrations it causes serious health problems and damage to materials and vegetation such as agricultural crops. The main sectors that emit ozone precursors are road transport, power and heat generation plants, ...

  • Time to address the air pollution control residue problem

    The incineration of municipal solid waste is gaining increasing importance in the UK, especially as the burning of waste can be used to generate energy, providing a more sustainable solution to our waste problem by diverting it from landfill sites. An issue with incineration is that some of our waste contains hazardous chemicals such as chlorine and lead which are volatilised during the process. ...

  • Canarina DISPER Software · air pollution · algorithms 2

      Software · air pollution · algorithms 2   Symbol / Definition Ly= Initial plume length for Schulman-Scire downwash sources ...

  • The Benefits of an Integrated Air and Water Pollution Control Partner

    Although there has been substantial progress during the past several decades in reducing pollution, the EPA, other federal agencies and local governments continue to add and revise requirements and standards, making compliance a challenge for the industrial sector. These companies also face increasing public pressure not just to meet but to exceed pollution control standards, as studies continue ...

  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2013

    Technical guidance to prepare national emission inventories. The joint EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook supports the reporting of emissions data under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) and the EU National Emission Ceilings Directive. It provides expert guidance on how to compile an atmospheric emissions inventory. The Guidebook is published ...

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