air pollution health Articles

  • Air quality in Europe — 2016 report

    This report presents an updated overview and analysis of air quality in Europe. It is focused in the state in 2015 and the development from 2004 to 2015. It reviews progress towards meeting the requirements of the air quality directives. An overview of the latest findings and estimates of the effects of air pollution on health and its impacts on ecosystems is also ...

  • Modeling Tip: How to Import BREEZE AERMOD files into BREEZE Risk Analyst for Human Health Risk Assessments

    Humans can be exposed to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) either directly through inhalation or indirectly through ingestion or dermal contact, which can result in acute or chronic health effects. The risk of exposure varies depending on a number of variables, including the meteorological conditions, local geographical and emissions characteristics, the age of the individuals being exposed, and ...

  • Pollution

    Pollution can take many forms. The air we breathe, the water we drink, the ground where we grow our food, and even the increasing noise we hear every day--all contribute to health problems and a lower quality of life. Find out about the environment ...


    By Dnasoft

  • Population Characteristics And Vulnerability to Air Pollution Health Effects

    Ambient air pollution can have adverse effects on the health of exposed populations, but individuals or sub-populations are not equally vulnerable. Differences in vulnerability can be attributed to characteristics that affect exposure, biological susceptibility, and social capacity to manage risk. Thus, variability in the distribution of health effects in a population may be expected, both in ...


  • A Critical Evaluation of the South African Air Quality Offsets Guideline

    There is wide recognition in South Africa to the link between the quality of life and quality of the air we breathe. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) attempts to improve air quality through two key regulatory tools; emission limits, which regulate the maximum concentration of certain pollutants permissible within certain, ‘listed’ industrial stacks or vents, and ambient ...


    By WKC Group

  • Effects of industrial air pollution on the respiratory health of children

    There is growing concern regarding to the possible effects of air pollution on respiratory health of children in Eleme industrial area of Port-Harcourt Nigeria. A total of 250 children were sampled from six primary schools with pre-nursery facilities for a period of 18 months. Subjects were divided into two zones (A and B), monitored and examined on weekly basis. The effects of four criteria ...

  • The Economic Toll of Pollution’s Effects on Health

    Measuring and valuing the health impacts of pollution are very complex and available methods of economic analysis are often rudimentary. In recent years, considerable progress has been made, especially in respect to air pollution. This note summarizes the latest findings and outlines some basic approaches that can be applied in the economic analysis of Bank projects and sector studies. However, a ...


  • Common Indoor Air Pollutants

    Is the indoor air you breathe healthy? According to the World Health Organization, 40% of all buildings pose a serious health hazard due to indoor air pollution. The EPA calls indoor air pollution the #1 pollution problem inAmerica. The following is a list of common indoor air pollutants: Dust, Pollen, and Other Allergens Chemical Fumes and Vapors Mold and Fungus Toxic ...

  • Fireworks air pollution in Slovenia

    Over the 'Christmas–New Year' period 12/2010–01/2011, PM10 air pollution measurements on most of the automatic measuring stations in Slovenia reached extreme values of up to 300 µg/m³. Analysis shows a very close correlation with the timings of the fireworks displays in the areas. This paper shows the other side of this cultural enjoyment - the effect on PM10 air pollution. As the correlation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution from ships

    Emissions from shipping contribute significantly to the concentrations and fallout of harmful air pollutants in Europe. There are however technical means by which these pollutants could be cut by as much as 80-90 per cent, and very cost-effectively compared with what would have to be done to achieve similar results by taking further measures on land-based sources. Such reductions are needed for ...

  • Air pollution from ships

    Untitled Document Introduction Emissions from shipping contribute significantly to the concentrations and fallout of harmful air pollutants in Europe. ...

  • Application of dispersion models for evaluating the influence of urban air pollution on human health

    The main objective of this study is to analyse quantitatively the influence of urban air pollution on the health of children, by (i) analysing the concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere, (ii) analysing the indoor air concentrations, and (iii) conducting epidemiological surveys. The area considered is Espoo, the neighbouring city of Helsinki. We focus in particular on the influence of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of air pollution and meteorological parameters on human health in the city of Athens, Greece

    The impact of air pollution (CO, NO, NO2, SO2, O3) and meteorological parameters (air temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure) on three indicators of human morbidity (circulatory, respiratory and skin diseases) is quantified, while the sensitivity of the results to different model specifications is tested. Findings indicate that higher SO2 and CO levels significantly increase circulatory ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fuzzy assessment of human-health risks due to air pollution

    Uncertainty of input data creates fuzzy conditions for assessing and forecasting ecological risk and risks associated with human health due to environmental pollution. Many uncertainties are difficult to eliminate and they do not have sufficient structure so that they can be modelled or described by probabilities and probability processes. This paper describes the application of a formalism of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The evaluation of the effect of air pollution on the health status of children in Zonguldak City, Turkey

    Air pollution affects human health, particularly sensitive groups such as children, pregnant women, elderly people and patients with chronic respiratory diseases in many ways, including reduced lung function, increased morbidity and infant mortality. Many epidemiological studies have shown positive association between respiratory health and ambient air pollution. This study tries to assess the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Health Effects of Fine Particulate Air Pollution: Lines that Connect

    Efforts to understand and mitigate the health effects of particulate matter (PM) air pollution have a rich and interesting history. This review focuses on six substantial lines of research that have been pursued since 1997 that have helped elucidate our understanding about the effects of PM on human health. There has been substantial progress in the evaluation of PM health effects at different ...

  • Susceptibility and vulnerability to health effects of air pollution: The case of nitrogen dioxide

    Abstract: Epidemiological and toxicological studies have reported adverse health effects in response to exposure to air pollution including nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Some of these studies have indicated that specific populations may be at different risk of NO2 related health effects that others. Adverse health effects from air pollution are not equally distributed among populations and ...

  • Evaluation of air pollution, local meteorology and urban public health

    The relationship between meteorological conditions and air pollution was assessed as a plausible explanation for respiratory health problems in Newark, New Jersey on the US east coast. Pollutants in both particle (PM2.5 and PM10) and gas phase (O3) were collected and analysed. We find that PM2.5 concentrations decreased by -30.8% (95% CI: -43.2%, -15.8%) when the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution and health: Do popular portrayals reflect the scientific evidence?

    Environmentalists, regulators, health scientists, and journalists are the main purveyors of information on air pollution health risks. Unfortunately, these groups create the appearance that harm from air pollution is much greater and more certain than suggested by the underlying evidence. The incentives in air pollution health research encourage risk exaggeration, because information purveyors ...


    By Blue Sky Consulting Group

  • Seven Ways Your Facility Isn’t Meeting Effluent Regulations and How to Solve Them

    Whether you own, operate, or help manage a municipal or industrial facility that deals with wastewater, it’s important to understand how wastewater treatment can play a significant role in the overall health of your business, especially when it comes to meeting effluent regulations. This is an important part of the wastewater treatment process to consider, as ignoring it could earn your ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

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