air pollution health impact Articles

  • The National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center modelling and decision-support system for radiological and nuclear emergency preparedness and response

    This paper describes the tools and services provided by a national centre for modelling the environmental and health impacts of airborne hazardous materials. This centre can provide emergency decision support information within minutes for a wide range of radiological, nuclear, chemical, and biological hazards from fires, industrial and transportation accidents, radiation dispersal device ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality in Europe — 2016 report

    This report presents an updated overview and analysis of air quality in Europe. It is focused in the state in 2015 and the development from 2004 to 2015. It reviews progress towards meeting the requirements of the air quality directives. An overview of the latest findings and estimates of the effects of air pollution on health and its impacts on ecosystems is also ...

  • Air Pollution and Vulnerability: Solving the Puzzle of Prioritization

    While ambient air pollution levels in excess of prescribed health standards are generally unacceptable, the exceedance is even more serious in areas where people reside. Vulnerability caused by poverty, disease, lack of education, and poor living conditions exacerbates the problem. Air quality management plans identify prioritized strategies for improved air quality independent of consideration ...

  • Air pollution damage estimates: the cost per kilogram of pollutant

    To optimise environmental regulations such as emission limits, pollution taxes or tradable permits, it is necessary to know the damage cost per kilogram of emitted pollutant. It is calculated by means of an impact pathway analysis which involves the calculation of the increased pollutant concentration in all affected regions due to an incremental emission (e.g. µg/m² of particles, using models of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Links between noise and air pollution and socioeconomic status

    Air pollution and noise pollution have a negative impact on all of society — but some groups are more affected than others. Lower socioeconomic status is generally associated with poorer health, and both air and noise pollution contribute to a wide range of other factors influencing human health. But do these health inequalities arise because of increased exposure to pollution, increased ...

  • Operational background air pollution prediction over Slovenia by QualeAria modelling system – validation

    Slovenia is a country of very complex terrain and many problems with air pollution in the valleys, canyons and basins, where industrial air pollution is combined with traffic and domestic heating air pollution, giving rise to problems for the health impact and the ecosystems directly or indirectly. Among indirect effects is also effect on solar radiation budget because of photochemical smog and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic Analysis of Environmental Externalities

    ' Economic analysis of pollution prevention and abatement measures requires estimating the potential benefits from controlling pollution as well as the better-known costs of new equipment or processes. This note discusses the economic analysis of environmental externalities, using a wide range of valuation techniques.' Industrial activities often produce various pollutants; these include air and ...


    By The World Bank

  • Health Impacts of Transported Global Air Pollution and International Trade

    Globalization moves production and health problems to low cost countries such as China. Estimations show that 3.45 millions of deaths of people yearly are caused by PM2.5 particulate matter in the ambient air. 760.000 of these deaths are caused by production of goods in one continent for use in another continent. ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Operational short term health impact assessment of air pollution modelling system over Europe

    The last decade, scientific studies have indicated an association between air pollution to which people are exposed and wide range of adverse health outcomes. We have developed a tool which is based on a model (MM5-CMAQ) running over Europe with 50 km spatial resolution, based on EMEP annual emissions, to produce a short-term forecast of the impact on health. In order to estimate the mortality ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality in Europe — 2013 report

    Air quality continues to be a very important issue for public health, the economy and the environment. Europe has significantly cut emissions of several air pollutants in recent decades, greatly reducing emissions and exposure to substances such as sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), benzene (C6H6) and lead (Pb). Despite improvements over several decades, air pollution continues to ...

  • Air quality in europe 2017

    The Air quality in Europe report series from the EEA presents regular assessments of Europe's air pollutant emissions, concentrations and their associated impacts on health and the environment. Air pollution is a key environmental and social issue and, at the same time, it is a complex problem posing multiple challenges in terms of ...

  • Atmospheric pollution and mortality. A comparative study between two Latin American cities: Buenos Aires (Argentina) and Santiago (Chile)

    This work aims to deepen recent studies on the impact of air pollution on human health in Latin American cities. A time series study has been performed comparing the mortality attributable to atmospheric carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) in Santiago (Chile) and Buenos Aires (Argentina). Pollution, meteorological and mortality data have been integrated in a general ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Achieving a cleaner, more sustainable and healthier future

    In 2009, as countries prepared to negotiate a global climate treaty in Copenhagen, Denmark, the front cover of the first Lancet Commission on health and climate change issued a stark warning: “Climate change is the greatest health threat of the 21st Century”. This warning was not heeded: the overall agreement fell short of the necessary ambition, and health was noticeable by ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • Comparison of health and environmental impacts from electricity generation systems

    Health and environmental impacts from fossil, renewable and nuclear electricity generation are estimated following a detailed bottom-up impact pathway analysis. By using a set of harmonised air quality and dose-effect models, a methodological framework has been established and consistently applied across different fuel chains, including the analysis of consequences from beyond design nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pollution survey of carbonyl compounds in train air

    The train is an important vehicle in China, but its air quality has important impacts on passengers’ health. In this work, pollution from carbonyl compounds was measured in the air of six trains. The objectives of this work were to investigate carbonyl compound levels in selected air from trains, identify their emission sources, and assess the intake of carbonyl compounds for passengers. The ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • In the queue for clean air

    The National Emissions Ceilings Directive (NECD), adopted in 2001, defines the maximum emissions on a national level for four major air pollutants that have a high impact on human health and the environment. These are: sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds and ammonia. The Directive will undergo revision in 2008, which would set new interim air quality targets and related ...

  • Health and environmental impacts of energy systems

    The assessment of health and environmental impacts of energy production has undergone a major evolution in recent years, reflecting progress in the underlying scientific domains. This paper reviews these developments and draws conclusions. The paper begins with a discussion of the relation between purpose and scope of an assessment. The following sections describe the methodology, with particular ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How health related issues are likely to drive dispersion modelling over the next decade

    In the future, the focus of dispersion modelling may centre on the aggregation of sources, atmospheric chemical reactions and longer range transport. This will put greater emphasis on the use of assimilated meteorological data as models are used to assess public policy options to minimise the impacts of air pollutants on human health and welfare. Because of the international nature of threats, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Health and environmental impacts of China's current and future electricity supply, with associated external costs

    This paper summarises the results of the assessment of health and environmental impacts, and the corresponding external costs within the China Energy Technology Program (CETP). China faces an enormous challenge, as it needs to meet the growing demand for energy in general and electricity in particular. Coal is, and will most probably remain for a long time, the dominant energy carrier in China, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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