air pollution health impact Articles

  • Air quality in Europe — 2016 report

    This report presents an updated overview and analysis of air quality in Europe. It is focused in the state in 2015 and the development from 2004 to 2015. It reviews progress towards meeting the requirements of the air quality directives. An overview of the latest findings and estimates of the effects of air pollution on health and its impacts on ecosystems is also ...

  • Modeling Tip: How to Import BREEZE AERMOD files into BREEZE Risk Analyst for Human Health Risk Assessments

    Humans can be exposed to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) either directly through inhalation or indirectly through ingestion or dermal contact, which can result in acute or chronic health effects. The risk of exposure varies depending on a number of variables, including the meteorological conditions, local geographical and emissions characteristics, the age of the individuals being exposed, and ...

  • A Critical Evaluation of the South African Air Quality Offsets Guideline

    There is wide recognition in South Africa to the link between the quality of life and quality of the air we breathe. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) attempts to improve air quality through two key regulatory tools; emission limits, which regulate the maximum concentration of certain pollutants permissible within certain, ‘listed’ industrial stacks or vents, and ambient ...


    By WKC Group

  • Air pollution impacts brain development before birth

    A study published today (Mar 25, 2015) in JAMA Psychology outlines the negative impacts of prenatal exposure to air pollutants on childhood brain development. Researchers at the ...


    By Ensia

  • Population Characteristics And Vulnerability to Air Pollution Health Effects

    Ambient air pollution can have adverse effects on the health of exposed populations, but individuals or sub-populations are not equally vulnerable. Differences in vulnerability can be attributed to characteristics that affect exposure, biological susceptibility, and social capacity to manage risk. Thus, variability in the distribution of health effects in a population may be expected, both in ...


  • Indoor air pollution: types of cooking fuel used and its impact on the health of women in Aligarh city

    Available findings have indicated that indoor air is more polluted than outdoor air and major polluting activity has been attributed to household cooking with traditional fuels. Cooking with traditional fuels leads to high levels of indoor air pollution (IAP), exposure of which increases the risk of various health problems. The purpose of this study is to estimate various diseases attributable to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Operational short term health impact assessment of air pollution modelling system over Europe

    The last decade, scientific studies have indicated an association between air pollution to which people are exposed and wide range of adverse health outcomes. We have developed a tool which is based on a model (MM5-CMAQ) running over Europe with 50 km spatial resolution, based on EMEP annual emissions, to produce a short-term forecast of the impact on health. In order to estimate the mortality ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Health and environmental impacts of energy systems

    The assessment of health and environmental impacts of energy production has undergone a major evolution in recent years, reflecting progress in the underlying scientific domains. This paper reviews these developments and draws conclusions. The paper begins with a discussion of the relation between purpose and scope of an assessment. The following sections describe the methodology, with particular ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Economic Toll of Pollution’s Effects on Health

    Measuring and valuing the health impacts of pollution are very complex and available methods of economic analysis are often rudimentary. In recent years, considerable progress has been made, especially in respect to air pollution. This note summarizes the latest findings and outlines some basic approaches that can be applied in the economic analysis of Bank projects and sector studies. However, a ...


  • Economic impacts of urban air pollution: valuation for Mumbai, India

    Urban air pollution is on the rise in many cities of the world. There are associated health impacts that affect urban residents, especially the poor. By doing economic valuation, it is possible to draw the attention of citizens, policy-makers and, of course, researchers to the extent of damage and the value of it. In this paper, such a valuation is done using time-series data for the suburb of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of dispersion models for evaluating the influence of urban air pollution on human health

    The main objective of this study is to analyse quantitatively the influence of urban air pollution on the health of children, by (i) analysing the concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere, (ii) analysing the indoor air concentrations, and (iii) conducting epidemiological surveys. The area considered is Espoo, the neighbouring city of Helsinki. We focus in particular on the influence of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of air pollution and meteorological parameters on human health in the city of Athens, Greece

    The impact of air pollution (CO, NO, NO2, SO2, O3) and meteorological parameters (air temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure) on three indicators of human morbidity (circulatory, respiratory and skin diseases) is quantified, while the sensitivity of the results to different model specifications is tested. Findings indicate that higher SO2 and CO levels significantly increase circulatory ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate Change in California: Health, Economic, and Equity Impacts

    CHAPTER 1: BACKGROUND Climate change presents significant problems for all of humanity. The question is no longer whether climate change is real. The question is what climate change means for individual communities, businesses, and constituencies. What groups are more vulnerable ...


    By Redefining Progress

  • The health impacts of climate change and variability in developing countries

    Health is a focus reflecting the combined impacts of climate change on the physical environment, ecosystems, the economic environment and society. Long-term changes in the world's climate may affect many requisites of good health - sufficient food, safe and adequate drinking water and secure dwelling. The current large-scale social and environmental changes mean that we must assign a much higher ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Two impact related air quality indices as tools to assess the daily and long-term air pollution

    The methodology of the recently developed Daily Air Quality Index (DAQx) and Long-term Air Quality Index (LAQx) is explained. Both indices consider air pollutants frequently monitored at long-term stations within official air pollution control networks. Therefore, they enable an assessment of the integral air pollution, which reflects the ambient air consisting of a mixture of air pollutants more ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution in Europe 1990-2004

    Overall picture This report analyses and presents changes in air pollutant emissions and their possible health or ecosystem impacts in Europe covering the period 1990–2004. Emissions of all air pollutants fell substantially during the period 1990–2004 in the 32 EEA member countries (EEA-32), resulting in improved air quality over the region. However, ambient concentrations of particulate ...

  • Controlling Air Pollutants case study

    While it's not always easy to determine what's required for compliance, new technologies can help achieve air-pollution control Selecting air-pollution control equipment can be tricky. It's not only difficult to determine which pollutants must be controlled, but also which type of equipment will best control them to required levels for any given process or facility because there is no ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • The Economic Value of Air-Pollution-Related Health Risks in China: A Contingent Valuation Study

    The economic value of preventing adverse health effects related to air pollution is estimated using contingent valuation in three diverse locations in China. Values are estimated for three health endpoints: cold, chronic bronchitis, and fatality. Alternative statistical models are tested to study their impact on estimated willingness to pay (WTP) and on the relationship between WTP and respondent ...


    By Springer

  • Air pollution damage estimates: the cost per kilogram of pollutant

    To optimise environmental regulations such as emission limits, pollution taxes or tradable permits, it is necessary to know the damage cost per kilogram of emitted pollutant. It is calculated by means of an impact pathway analysis which involves the calculation of the increased pollutant concentration in all affected regions due to an incremental emission (e.g. µg/m² of particles, using models of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can roadway design air quality impacts

    In recent years, a consensus has emerged that exposure to traffic emissions increases risks of adverse health effects for populations living, working, or going to school near large roadways.1-4 Near-roadway air pollution is characterized by elevated levels of trafficgenerated compounds compared to overall urban background levels with the gradual decrease in concentrations within several hundred ...

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