air pollution source apportionment Articles
Seasonal apportionment of the sources of ambient air particulates in the city of Trieste
A PCA/APCS model was applied to PM2.5 data, which were collected for the Svevo and Muggia districts of the City of Trieste. The sampling campaigns covered the winter and summer periods of 2006. The set of investigated species comprised major inorganic ions, organic and elemental carbon and several Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) that were considered as probable or possible carcinogens by ...
Source apportionment of PM2.5 in urban areas using multiple linear regression as an inverse modelling technique
One method to assess the source contribution of particulate matter to urban air quality is through inverse modelling where emissions are estimated using dispersion models and monitoring data. In this paper, a straightforward inverse modelling method, using Multiple Linear Regression, is described and applied to the urban area of Oslo for PM2.5. The results of the inverse modelling method are ...
Atmospheric dispersion of pollutants in Sado estuary (Portugal) using biomonitors
Epiphytic lichen transplants and aerosol samplers were put together in the Setubal area, Portugal. They were analysed by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) and Proton Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE). The lichen dataset pointed out nine factors. No relevant differentiation was found towards different positioning of the lichens. T-transplants were delayed towards F-transplants, and for ...
Atmospheric particulate matter in the city of Sao Carlos/SP, Brazil
This paper presents experimental data and source apportionment simulations on particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) in the atmosphere of Sao Carlos/SP, Brazil. Both a Hi-vol sampler equipped with glass fibre filters and a Dichotomous sampler with nucleopore filters were used. The collected material was analysed for total carbon, using a thermometric method, and for traces of several chemical ...
Current trends in the use of models for source apportionment of air pollutants in Europe
Forum for Air Quality Modelling in Europe (FAIRMODE) sub–group 2 (SG2) on the 'Contribution of natural sources and source apportionment' has been formed in response to the need for a harmonised European approach in the use of models for source apportionment, addressing the requirements of the current Air Quality Directive 2008/50/EU. Within SG2, a review was performed on source apportionment ...
Local PM10 source apportionment for non-attainment areas in Slovakia
The method used for the PM10 source apportionment in 18 air quality management areas (AQMAs) in Slovakia is presented, as well as the results of the study. Local PM10 emissions include traffic emissions, local seasonal heating sources from residential housing, industrial and point sources, and fugitive sources. Mathematical modelling has been performed using CALPUFF model, driven by ...
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