air quality directive Articles

  • Air quality modelling as a supplementary assessment method in the framework of the European Air Quality Directive

    According to the European Air Quality (AQ) Directive, member states must annually report their AQ to the European Commission (EC). This report can be based on modelling data if the concentration levels do not exceed the established lower assessment thresholds (LAT), or on combined data from modelling and monitoring systems (supplementary assessment methods) if concentrations levels are below the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air Quality Monitoring

    Why monitor air quality? Well, to monitor is to know. Everything else is just more or less qualified guesses. International, national and local air quality targets and limits are also tied to monitoring results. What is Air Quality? How is air quality ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Air pollution forecast in Portugal: a demand from the new air quality framework directive

    This work aims at developing and validating a numerical air quality operational forecasting system that will be applied over Portugal. The CHIMERE model was chosen for the chemistry-transport simulation using the meteorological parameters supplied by the MM5 mesoscale meteorological model, forced by the AVN/NCEP global forecasts. An experiment of 48-hour real-time forecast simulations was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enhancing source apportionment with receptor models to foster the air quality directive implementation

    Receptor models (RMs) identify pollution sources by solving a mass balance equation using measured chemical composition of samples either in combination with known source profiles or not. This approach has been extensively used in North America and South–Eastern Asia mainly on particulate matter (PM). Also, in Europe RMs found wide acceptance and contributed to the identification of sources in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Legionnaires is an Air Quality Risk

    The recent Bronx, NY outbreak of Legionnaires infections is a grim reminder of the deadliness of this strain of pneumonia. Like many of the outbreaks, cooling towers caused this one. Twenty have been identified but the search is still going on. Over 120 people were infected and 12 have died. Tragically it affects the most vulnerable people–people with one or more immune system deficiencies. ...


    By ProMark Associates, Inc.

  • The Italian debate on the role of regulatory models in the framework of the new European directives on air quality

    This paper addresses some topics from the debate in Italy about the role of regulatory models in the management of air quality. It appears that an effective use of dispersion and transformation models cannot take place unless some 'external' (i.e. prejudices against models) as well as 'internal' (i.e. actual deficiencies in model evaluation and use) issues are overcome. Models play an important ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particle reduction plans in Europe - Implementation of the first daughter directive on ambient air quality in Europe

    This publication analyses the quality of national implementation of the first Air Quality Daughter Directive (1999/30/EC). The report is based on information from 15 NGOs (members of the EEB’s Clean Air Working Group), who provided data for PM10 concentrations in ambient air as well as information about air quality management plans from 30 cities in Europe. The air pollution challenge Air ...

  • The application of models under the European Union`s Air Quality Directive: A technical reference guide

    This technical reference guide provides a general overview of the use of models with regard to the consolidated Directive 2008/50/EC on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe (theAQ Directive). This guide has three key aims: To provide common technical guidance for the use of air quality (AQ) modelling in relation to the EU's AQ Directive; To provide a central reference point for ...

  • Particle reduction plans in Europe - Implementation of the first Daughter Directive on Ambient Air Quality in Europe

    Untitled Document IMPLEMENTATION OF THE FIRST DAUGHTER DIRECTIVE ON AMBIENT AIR QUALITY IN EUROPE INTRODUCTION AND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This ...

  • Air quality in Europe — 2016 report

    This report presents an updated overview and analysis of air quality in Europe. It is focused in the state in 2015 and the development from 2004 to 2015. It reviews progress towards meeting the requirements of the air quality directives. An overview of the latest findings and estimates of the effects of air pollution on health and its impacts on ecosystems is also ...

  • Air quality in Europe — 2012 report

    'Air pollution is bad for our health. It reduces human life expectancy by more than eight months on average and by more than two years in the most polluted cities and regions. Member States must comply with EU air quality standards quickly and reduce air pollutant emissions,' Janez Potočnik, EU Commissioner for the Environment (EU, 2010a). Emissions of air pollutants derive from almost all ...

  • Air quality in Europe — 2013 report

    Air quality continues to be a very important issue for public health, the economy and the environment. Europe has significantly cut emissions of several air pollutants in recent decades, greatly reducing emissions and exposure to substances such as sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), benzene (C6H6) and lead (Pb). Despite improvements over several decades, air pollution continues to ...

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Air quality in Europe — 2015 report

    Air pollution is both an environmental and a social problem, as it leads to a multitude of adverse effects on human health, ecosystems, the built environment and the climate. Air pollution poses the single largest environmental health risk in Europe today. Air pollutants are emitted from anthropogenic and natural sources; they may be transported or formed over long distances; and they may affect ...

  • Particulate matter from natural sources and related reporting under the EU Air Quality Directive in 2008 and 2009

    Much of the air pollution that damages human health and the environment today is the result of human activities. But natural sources also emitt air pollutants, contributing to the exposure of European citizens and ecosystems to bad air quality — and potentially undermining EU Member State efforts to meet the air quality standards set out in EU legislation. Recognising the challenge ...

  • Update and revision of Turkish air quality regulation

    The Air Quality Assurance Regulation (AQAR) was issued on October 1986. This regulation was basically a direct translation of the German TA-Luft of 1984. The main purpose of AQAR was to control the effect of industry, domestic heating and Traffic on ambient air quality which previously had not adequately been represented. Two new regulations, "Industry Related Air Pollution Control Regulation" ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An integrated perspective on assessing agricultural air quality

    The biogeochemical cycling of trace gases (e.g. nitrogen, sulphur, etc.), and contaminants on local, regional, and global scales is a complex system of emissions, transformations, transport, and deposition. To date, limited, if any, attempt has been made on quantifying and identifying direct emissions of gaseous sulphur compounds from agricultural operations. This represents a major regulatory ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality issues drive vehicle alternatives

    Vehicle exhaust systems remain a major source of air pollution in cities, despite the progress being made to reduce emissions from new models. Energy World takes a look at efficiency improvements, and the alternative fuel alternatives to petrol and diesel. In early April, the south of Britain woke to a hazy blanket of smog. A few weeks earlier, Paris had choked and spluttered through its own ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Air quality assessment in the EU: room for improvement?

    Different modelling approaches are used to design and assess air quality plans across Europe. This study assessed the strengths and weaknesses of these different approaches. The researchers conclude that a large variety of models is in use, without a preferred or standard model having emerged yet. They identify integrating local-scale and large-scale models and verifying models with measurements ...

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