air quality legislation Articles

  • A Critical Evaluation of the South African Air Quality Offsets Guideline

    There is wide recognition in South Africa to the link between the quality of life and quality of the air we breathe. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) attempts to improve air quality through two key regulatory tools; emission limits, which regulate the maximum concentration of certain pollutants permissible within certain, ‘listed’ industrial stacks or vents, and ambient ...


    By WKC Group

  • Legislation: The New Directive on Ambient Air Quality and Cleaner Air for Europe

    Keywords: Public health, pollution control, air quality framework measures, Directive 96/62, Sixth Environmental Action Programme, Clean Air for Europe Programme, Directive 2008/50, zones and agglomerations, limit values and target values, alert thresholds, critical level, information and reporting requirements, UK Air Quality Archive, ozone, action plans, enforcement ...


  • Legislation: The State Of UK Environmental Legislation: Opportunities for Reform?

    Keywords: environmental legislation, reducing legislative complexity, legislative reform In 2010-2012, the UK Environmental Law Association (UKELA) embarked on an ambitious project to assess the state of environmental legislation in the United Kingdom in light of its increasing complexity1 It is not just UKELA that is concerned that the complexity of environmental legislation is getting ...


  • Air Implementation Pilot - Lessons learnt from the implementation of air quality legislation at urban level

    Why have a pilot project for air policy implementation? Almost three quarters of Europeans live in cities. The air quality in our cities is therefore of significant importance to the health of Europeans. Considerable progress has been made in the past twenty years in improving urban air quality, but issues remain. A number of different air pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide, particulate ...

  • Air quality in Europe — 2013 report

    Air quality continues to be a very important issue for public health, the economy and the environment. Europe has significantly cut emissions of several air pollutants in recent decades, greatly reducing emissions and exposure to substances such as sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), benzene (C6H6) and lead (Pb). Despite improvements over several decades, air pollution continues to ...

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • Air quality in Europe — 2015 report

    Air pollution is both an environmental and a social problem, as it leads to a multitude of adverse effects on human health, ecosystems, the built environment and the climate. Air pollution poses the single largest environmental health risk in Europe today. Air pollutants are emitted from anthropogenic and natural sources; they may be transported or formed over long distances; and they may affect ...

  • Taiwan Indoor Air Quality Management Act

    On 8 November 2011, the Taiwanese Legislative Yuan passed the Indoor Air Quality Management Act making Taiwan the second nation after Korea to implement an indoor air quality management act. For accurate understanding of indoor air quality, it is advised to simultaneously monitor multiple indoor air quality parameters including gases, temperature and humidity. PPM Technology’s range of IAQ ...


    By PPM Technology

  • Economic Evaluation of Air Quality Targets for CO and Benzene

    The study is to identify and estimate the costs and benefits of meeting ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide (CO) and benzene in the EU. The study should take the range of scientifically-based limit values for ambient air quality as given and analyze the costs and benefits of attaining these standards. These costs and benefits should be compared with the costs (loss of benefits) of ...

  • Passive samplers for air quality monitoring in a Brazilian university

    The aim of this paper was to evaluate the applicability of passive samplers for the monitoring and diagnosis of air pollution at Passo Fundo University, focusing on atmospheric pollutants NO 2 and O 3 . The samplers were built in accordance with already verified methodologies and were placed in several locations in the university campus, namely: energy generator, pool heating boiler, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Projections in hindsight - An assessment of past emission projections reported by Member States under EU air pollution and GHG legislation

    Over the past decade, European Union (EU) Member States were required to regularly compile and report official estimates of their projected (future) emissions for the year 2010 under two complementary pieces of legislation: for greenhouse gases (GHGs), the Monitoring Mechanism Decision (MMD), i.e. Decision No 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 ...

  • Lisbon air quality: evaluating traffic hot-spots

    This paper presents an air quality study in an urban traffic hot-spot in Lisbon, Portugal, by comparing the atmospheric pollutant concentrations obtained by a numerical model with measured values. Results indicate that the mean variation of particle and gaseous concentrations followed the traffic flow rate, evidencing the occurrence of PM10 concentrations greater than the respective air quality ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic Evaluation of Air Quality Targets for Heavy Metals

    The European Commission has in recent years produced several Directives that aim to regulate air pollution by setting limits for the allowable concentration of pollutants in ambient air. Directives have already been agreed that cover pollutants such as sulphur dioxide, lead and carbon monoxide. For some other pollutants, such as the heavy metals arsenic, cadmium and nickel, the Commission intends ...


  • Air quality issues drive vehicle alternatives

    Vehicle exhaust systems remain a major source of air pollution in cities, despite the progress being made to reduce emissions from new models. Energy World takes a look at efficiency improvements, and the alternative fuel alternatives to petrol and diesel. In early April, the south of Britain woke to a hazy blanket of smog. A few weeks earlier, Paris had choked and spluttered through its own ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Legislation: Future water - The govenment`s water strategy for England

    Visions, Strategies & Realisation Compared to other environmental areas such as land use, waste management, air quality and biodiversity, comprehensive strategic planning of water management in England has been dilatory. This is not to say that strategic planning has been entirely absent in water management, but that it has been undertaken in a piecemeal way, with numerous sectoral ...


  • Using ADMS models for Air Quality Assessment and Management in China

    Many cities and regions are undertaking studies of air quality in cities to determine both the current state of the environment and the effect of future economic and environmental strategies in order to manage local air quality. Often these studies are driven by legislation such as the European Union requirement to model agglomerations or the Chinese requirements to study air quality capacity and ...

  • Plans and programmes to improve air quality over Portugal: a numerical modelling approach

    PM10 limit values have been surpassed in the northern region of Portugal, and, according to European legislation, Plans and Programmes (PP) must be designed and implemented to reduce those PM10 levels. The Air Pollution Model (TAPM) was applied over the study region, to the year 2004, for the reference situation with the current PM10 emissions; and, for the reduction scenario with PM10 emissions ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of selected policy measures on Europe`s air quality

    This report was prepared by the European Topic Centre for Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC) of the European Environment Agency (EEA). The authors of the report were Jeroen Kuenen, Mtinkheni Gondwe, Tinus Pulles (TNO, the Netherlands), Frank de Leeuw (PBL, the Netherlands) and Justin Goodwin (S-ESC, United Kingdom). The EEA project manager was Martin Adams. Dr. Leonidas Ntziachristos (Aristotle ...

  • Will the Circle Be Unbroken: A History of the U.S. National Ambient Air Quality Standards

    ABSTRACT In celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Air & Waste Management Association, this review examines the history of air quality management (AQM) in the ...

  • The impact of international shipping on European air quality and climate forcing

    Due to its dependence on fossil fuel combustion and the fact that it is one of the least regulated anthropogenic emission sources, emissions from the marine transport sector contribute significantly to air pollution and climate change. The main objective of this report is to provide a comprehensive review of recent literature and reports, taking into account expert knowledge, on the maritime ...

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