air quality modeling Articles

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • ALL4 Air Quality Modeling Update

    As it’s been over a year since my last air quality modeling-related 4TR article, I thought it appropriate to provide a general status report on the air quality modeling updates that have occurred over the last year.  ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • A modelling system for air quality management

    To develop effective air quality management strategies at regional and urban levels requires the preparation of several actions belonging to different scientific areas and analysis of their complex interactions. A well-structured management system must be based on efficient tools that integrate diverse sets of information - emissions, traffic, meteorological variables and air quality data. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality assessment in Bologna by an urban dispersion model

    An urban dispersion model (ADMS?Urban) was run to calculate PM10 and NO2 concentration during a one-year period, on a district of Bologna, Italy. Moreover, the exposure of 333 children was estimated using model outputs corrected with observations. The model was able to correctly simulate the long-term statistical properties of roadside observed concentrations (such as annual mean and frequency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion modelling: a tool for local air quality management

    A local air quality management system, and the use of dispersion modelling as a tool for the system, are described. The Turkish town of Gehze is used as a model.Keywords: air pollution, air quality management, dispersion modelling, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards uncertainty mapping in air-quality modelling and assessment

    The aim of this paper is to promote the use of uncertainty mapping when spatial assessments of air quality are made. A large number of air quality maps are produced for scientific and policy purposes but rarely are corresponding maps of their uncertainty included. The need for such maps and the methods to produce them are described. Several uncertainty parameters are discussed but it is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Methodology for a comparative evaluation of two air-quality models

    This paper presents a methodology for conducting an objective comparative evaluation of two air-quality models using several datasets. This methodology is designed to be simple to implement and understand, to reliably discern improvement in performance, and to accommodate the use of datasets from a variety of field studies of varying quality. The reliability of the comparison is enhanced by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion models and air quality data for population exposure assessment to air pollution

    Evaluating the extent of exposure to chemicals in absence of continuous measurements of their concentration in air and direct measures of personal exposure is crucial for epidemiological studies. Dispersion models can be a useful tool for reproducing spatio-temporal distribution of contaminants emitted by a specific source. However, they cannot easily be applied to short-term epidemiological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The value of accurate air quality forecasts

    The value of accurate air quality forecasts critically depends upon how the information will be used. This paper proposes a simple model of private firm decision-making under uncertainty to consider potential economic applications and benefits from accurate air quality forecasts. It uses the findings of a survey of employees from five large employers in southern New Hampshire and northeastern ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A quantitative approach to the traffic air quality problem: the traffic air quality index

    The Traffic Air Quality (TAQ) model is a simple tool to estimate traffic fine particulate emissions on roadways (g/km) and can be used for both real-time analysis and for localized conformity analysis (“hot-spot” analysis for nonattainment areas) as defined by 40 CFR 93.123. This paper is a follow-up to a study published earlier regarding the development of the TAQ model. This paper shows how ...

  • Model quality and safety studies

    The paper describes the EC initiative on model quality assessment and emphasises some of the problems encountered in the selection of data from field tests used in the evaluation process. Further, it discusses the impact of model uncertainties in safety studies of industrial plants. The model evaluation group (MEG) is a European initiative on evaluation of technical models used within the major ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Numerical model–based relationship between meteorological conditions and air quality and its implication for urban air quality management

    Relationships between winter air pollutant concentrations and ten meteorological parameters were investigated based on observed pollutant concentrations and high–resolution meteorological data from weather research and forecast model, and multiple linear regression models were developed for estimating NO2 and PM10 concentrations over ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality modelling as a supplementary assessment method in the framework of the European Air Quality Directive

    According to the European Air Quality (AQ) Directive, member states must annually report their AQ to the European Commission (EC). This report can be based on modelling data if the concentration levels do not exceed the established lower assessment thresholds (LAT), or on combined data from modelling and monitoring systems (supplementary assessment methods) if concentrations levels are below the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Inter-comparison of two air quality modelling systems for a case study in Berlin

    A case study was carried out to compare two air-quality models (UAM-V and MCCM) in the region of Berlin. These are two well documented regional and urban models which were run independently with their own meteorological drivers and emission inventories with the aim to describe a specific ozone episode. Numerous applications in the US and in Europe have shown the good performance of these models. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Considering ecological formulations for estimating deposition velocity in air quality models

    A dry deposition modelling approach that includes surface feedback through photosynthesis relationships was recently developed. A canopy photosynthesis model is dynamically coupled to an atmospheric model with prognostic soil hydrology and surface energy balance. The effective surface resistance is calculated for a realistic and fully interactive estimation of gaseous deposition velocity (Vd). ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Predicting air quality in Uberlandia, Brazil, using linear models and Neural Networks

    Particulate air pollution causes a wide range of effects on human health, including disorders of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, asthma and can cause mortality. Hence, the development of an efficient air quality forecasting and early warning system is an obvious and imperative need. The objective of this work was to investigate this forecasting possibility using linear models (such as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling the air quality impact of industrial emissions over a valley in Southern Italy

    The aim of this study is to support decision makers and stakeholders in the management of air quality in an industrial area located in a valley in southern Italy, where neither air quality nor meteorological parameters are routinely monitored. The first phase focused on the inventory of emissions through monitored data at stacks, permissions to emit from local authorities, and life cycle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enhancing source apportionment with receptor models to foster the air quality directive implementation

    Receptor models (RMs) identify pollution sources by solving a mass balance equation using measured chemical composition of samples either in combination with known source profiles or not. This approach has been extensively used in North America and South–Eastern Asia mainly on particulate matter (PM). Also, in Europe RMs found wide acceptance and contributed to the identification of sources in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A congestion sensitive approach to modelling road networks for air quality management

    This research establishes an approach to modelling a congested road network for air quality management, which enables the assessment of traffic management solutions that may create only subtle changes in the traffic flow regimes. Road network emissions have been calculated using standard factors taking into account details of vehicle fleet composition, average speeds and road type. Additionally, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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