air quality modelling Articles

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • ALL4 Air Quality Modeling Update

    As it’s been over a year since my last air quality modeling-related 4TR article, I thought it appropriate to provide a general status report on the air quality modeling updates that have occurred over the last year.  ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • A modelling system for air quality management

    To develop effective air quality management strategies at regional and urban levels requires the preparation of several actions belonging to different scientific areas and analysis of their complex interactions. A well-structured management system must be based on efficient tools that integrate diverse sets of information - emissions, traffic, meteorological variables and air quality data. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality modelling as a supplementary assessment method in the framework of the European Air Quality Directive

    According to the European Air Quality (AQ) Directive, member states must annually report their AQ to the European Commission (EC). This report can be based on modelling data if the concentration levels do not exceed the established lower assessment thresholds (LAT), or on combined data from modelling and monitoring systems (supplementary assessment methods) if concentrations levels are below the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards uncertainty mapping in air-quality modelling and assessment

    The aim of this paper is to promote the use of uncertainty mapping when spatial assessments of air quality are made. A large number of air quality maps are produced for scientific and policy purposes but rarely are corresponding maps of their uncertainty included. The need for such maps and the methods to produce them are described. Several uncertainty parameters are discussed but it is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Methodology for a comparative evaluation of two air-quality models

    This paper presents a methodology for conducting an objective comparative evaluation of two air-quality models using several datasets. This methodology is designed to be simple to implement and understand, to reliably discern improvement in performance, and to accommodate the use of datasets from a variety of field studies of varying quality. The reliability of the comparison is enhanced by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality assessment in Bologna by an urban dispersion model

    An urban dispersion model (ADMS?Urban) was run to calculate PM10 and NO2 concentration during a one-year period, on a district of Bologna, Italy. Moreover, the exposure of 333 children was estimated using model outputs corrected with observations. The model was able to correctly simulate the long-term statistical properties of roadside observed concentrations (such as annual mean and frequency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion modelling: a tool for local air quality management

    A local air quality management system, and the use of dispersion modelling as a tool for the system, are described. The Turkish town of Gehze is used as a model.Keywords: air pollution, air quality management, dispersion modelling, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion models and air quality data for population exposure assessment to air pollution

    Evaluating the extent of exposure to chemicals in absence of continuous measurements of their concentration in air and direct measures of personal exposure is crucial for epidemiological studies. Dispersion models can be a useful tool for reproducing spatio-temporal distribution of contaminants emitted by a specific source. However, they cannot easily be applied to short-term epidemiological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Using ADMS models for Air Quality Assessment and Management in China

    Many cities and regions are undertaking studies of air quality in cities to determine both the current state of the environment and the effect of future economic and environmental strategies in order to manage local air quality. Often these studies are driven by legislation such as the European Union requirement to model agglomerations or the Chinese requirements to study air quality capacity and ...

  • PRESAXIO regional air quality modelling system: validation and applications

    Different operational air quality forecasts (ESSEM Cost Action 0602) are currently available in Europe. However, most of them are not suitable for regional application and, also, their coarse outputs do not fit well with air quality management needs. In this work, PRESAXIO regional air quality modelling system is validated and applied over Galicia (NW of Spain), including WRF and CHIMERE models. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling urban air quality using artificial neural network

    This paper describes the development of artificial neural network-based vehicular exhaust emission models for predicting 8-h average carbon monoxide concentrations at two air quality control regions (AQCRs) in the city of Delhi, India, viz. a typical traffic intersection (AQCR1) and a typical arterial road (AQCR2). Maximum of ten meteorological and six traffic characteristic variables have been ...


    By Springer

  • Uncertainty analysis of modelling studies included in air quality assessments

    This paper deals with the development of a quality analysis/quality control (QA/QC) methodology for modelling studies associated with air quality assessments. Among other benefits, this will allow data quality objectives for model input data to be derived and the importance of policy oriented model applications to be assessed. The procedure for evaluating model uncertainty has profited from a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The air quality Model Documentation System of the European Environment Agency

    With the aim of providing objective, reliable and comparable information on air pollution models, the European Topic Centre on Air Quality (ETC/AQ) has developed a concept for an air quality Model Documentation System (MDS) to be accessible on the internet. The aim of the system is to include adequate information on the individual models, their application areas, and their status with respect to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Proposed Revisions to the Guideline on Air Quality Models (Appendix W)

    On July 14, 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (U.S. EPA’s) Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards’ (OAQPS) Air Quality Modeling Group provided a pre-Federal Register (FR) publication of the proposed revisions to the Guideline on Air Quality Models (Appendix W to 40 CFR Part 51) (Guideline) on the U.S. EPA’s Support Center for Regulatory ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • A Review of 1-Hour NO2 NAAQS Air Quality Modeling

    During the development of this 4TR article, proposed revisions to Appendix W to 40 CFR Part 51 – Guideline on Air Quality Models (Guideline) were published in the Federal Register. As a result of revisions which propose to establish Tier 3 nitrogen dioxide (NO2) atmospheric chemical reaction screening techniques as default methods, ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Air quality model for Austria: development and evaluation of ozone forecasts

    An overview of the main findings of recent sensitivity studies and evaluations of ozone forecasts of the Air Quality model for Austria (AQA) is presented. Before the operational forecasts were started at the ZAMG, studies with different model input were conducted to find the appropriate model set–up. The performance of the chemical mechanisms CB–IV and SAPRC99 is shown for a hot period with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combination of measured and modelling data in air quality assessment in Spain

    This paper describes a methodology to combine measurements from air quality stations and estimates from the CHIMERE model for air quality assessment in Spain. The methodology consists of using linear regression and kriging interpolation to correct the model results, improving the fit to the observations. It was separately applied to rural and urban conditions, giving rise to maps for each case, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The value of accurate air quality forecasts

    The value of accurate air quality forecasts critically depends upon how the information will be used. This paper proposes a simple model of private firm decision-making under uncertainty to consider potential economic applications and benefits from accurate air quality forecasts. It uses the findings of a survey of employees from five large employers in southern New Hampshire and northeastern ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A quantitative approach to the traffic air quality problem: the traffic air quality index

    The Traffic Air Quality (TAQ) model is a simple tool to estimate traffic fine particulate emissions on roadways (g/km) and can be used for both real-time analysis and for localized conformity analysis (“hot-spot” analysis for nonattainment areas) as defined by 40 CFR 93.123. This paper is a follow-up to a study published earlier regarding the development of the TAQ model. This paper shows how ...

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