air quality monitoring model Articles

  • Selecting the Right Air Quality Monitor

    There are many types of air quality monitors available, but which one is the best choice for measuring gaseous air pollutant concentrations? There are two classes of such air quality monitors: sampling monitors and in-situ monitors (“in-situ” = “in the original position”). Sampling monitors utilises a manifold through which the air to be analysed is pumped. A small air ...


    By Opsis AB

  • The ‘ins and outs’ of air quality monitoring

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently issued draft guidance on ‘Air pollution - outdoor air quality and health.’ In the following article Jim Mills, Managing Director of Air Monitors Ltd, explains why there will need to be more funding for monitoring if the mitigation measures mentioned in the guidance are to be implemented effectively. Jim also ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Monitoring of air pollution in Indian metropolitan cities: modelling and quality indexing

    Air quality in cities is the result of a complex interaction between natural and anthropogenic environmental conditions. Delhi, as well as many other cities in India, is facing problems concerning air pollution. The increase in industrialisation and the vehicle fleet, poor control on emissions and little use of catalytic converters, produce a great amount of particulate and toxic gases. Data on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The challenges and benefits of local air quality monitoring

    A new generation of air quality monitors is now being offered to provide localised, real-time air quality readings – but the potential benefit is only just starting to be realised. It is generally accepted that whilst measurements from air quality reference stations are highly accurate, they are not sufficiently location-specific. Key pollutants – such as NO2 and PM2.5 ...


    By AQMesh

  • Monitoring Environmental Quality

    ' In order to determine the effectiveness of actions to improve environmental quality it is necessary to be able to measure relevant environmental parameters at a level of detail which is accurate enough to distinguish the anticipated changes. However, the establishment and maintenance of monitoring systems is time-consuming and expensive and therefore the scale of such systems needs to be kept ...


    By The World Bank

  • Rough set-based regionalisation in air quality monitoring

    Regionalisation is to organise a large set of spatial objects into spatially contiguous regions despite optimising the homogeneity of the derived regions, while representing social and economic geography. To confront this problem, it is necessary to classify the regions to form groups that are homogeneous in air quality attributes. It is to develop a system that applies data mining techniques to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality Monitors Track Pollution Hot-Spots

    Situated in the south west of Wales, in a largely rural area bordering the Brecon Beacons, Carmarthenshire’s air quality is predominantly good. However, there are areas of concern where major roads pass through some of the County’s larger towns, including Llanelli, Carmarthen and Llandeilo, where air quality is dominated by the effects of road traffic. The County Council is therefore ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Air quality modelling as a supplementary assessment method in the framework of the European Air Quality Directive

    According to the European Air Quality (AQ) Directive, member states must annually report their AQ to the European Commission (EC). This report can be based on modelling data if the concentration levels do not exceed the established lower assessment thresholds (LAT), or on combined data from modelling and monitoring systems (supplementary assessment methods) if concentrations levels are below the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • IFDM modelling for optimal siting of air quality monitoring stations around five oil refineries

    An IFDM modelling study has been conducted to determine the optimal siting of air quality monitoring stations around five oil refineries. The purpose of this immission monitoring network is specified in environmental legislation. The most appropriate output parameter of the IFDM model for this study is the 98th percentile of the moving 24 h averages, P98,m24h. Modelling for the optimal siting of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiple sensor fault detection and isolation of an air quality monitoring network using RBF-NLPCA model

    This paper presents a data-driven method based on non-linear principal component analysis to detect and isolate multiple sensor faults. The RBF-NLPCA model is obtained by combining a principal curve algorithm and two three-layer radial basis function (RBF) networks. The reconstruction approach for multiple sensors is proposed in the non-linear case and successfully applied for multiple sensor ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • PRESAXIO regional air quality modelling system: validation and applications

    Different operational air quality forecasts (ESSEM Cost Action 0602) are currently available in Europe. However, most of them are not suitable for regional application and, also, their coarse outputs do not fit well with air quality management needs. In this work, PRESAXIO regional air quality modelling system is validated and applied over Galicia (NW of Spain), including WRF and CHIMERE models. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combined use of space–borne observations of NO2 and regional CTM model for air quality monitoring in Northern Italy

    In this paper SCIAMACHY observations of earth radiance are used to retrieve nitrogen dioxide (NO2) tropospheric column by DOAS spectrometric technique and radiative transfer modelling for AMF computation. These satellite column measurements are then merged with TCAM model simulations, to improve the model output at the ground level. The method used is a weighted rescaling of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Using a photochemical air quality model to evaluate emissions and simulate concentrations

    The air-quality modelling system was conducted to evaluate emissions inventory and simulate air concentration over Thailand. The coupling model of the Regional Atmospheric Modelling System (RAMS) and the models-3 Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) was applied to simulate the concentration distributions of gaseous pollutants (i.e., NOx, SO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A congestion sensitive approach to modelling road networks for air quality management

    This research establishes an approach to modelling a congested road network for air quality management, which enables the assessment of traffic management solutions that may create only subtle changes in the traffic flow regimes. Road network emissions have been calculated using standard factors taking into account details of vehicle fleet composition, average speeds and road type. Additionally, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canarina DISPER Software · air quality dispersion model · algorithms 3

      Canarina DISPER Software · air quality dispersion model   Symbol / Definition Ly= Initial plume length for Schulman-Scire downwash sources with enhanced lateral plume spread (m) Lb= Lesser of ...

  • Canarina DISPER Software · air quality modeling system · algorithms 5

      Canarina DISPER Software · air quality modeling system   The mathematical model that the software uses provides options to model emissions from a wide range of sources that might be present at industrial areas and urban areas. The basis of the model is the straight-line, steady-state Gaussian plume ...

  • Modelling the air quality impact of industrial emissions over a valley in Southern Italy

    The aim of this study is to support decision makers and stakeholders in the management of air quality in an industrial area located in a valley in southern Italy, where neither air quality nor meteorological parameters are routinely monitored. The first phase focused on the inventory of emissions through monitored data at stacks, permissions to emit from local authorities, and life cycle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air quality assessment in the EU: room for improvement?

    Different modelling approaches are used to design and assess air quality plans across Europe. This study assessed the strengths and weaknesses of these different approaches. The researchers conclude that a large variety of models is in use, without a preferred or standard model having emerged yet. They identify integrating local-scale and large-scale models and verifying models with measurements ...

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