air sampling system Articles

  • Air Sampling During NPP Accident

    There has been considerable interest recently generated regarding emergency air sampling protocols as a result of the Fukushima accident in Japan. A major concern involving air sampling requirements is the accurate determination of gaseous-radioactive iodine species emitted from the NPP to the environment as a result of an accident. During normal NPP operation gaseous radioactive iodine ...

  • Quality by Design and Single-Use Air Sampling Approaches

    Abstract Quality by Design (QbD) is a method approach to developing a quality control system using predetermined objectives. It uses the foundations of risk management and science to ensure a repeatable process to manufacture high-quality product. In 2002, the FDA launched QbD as part of its innovation initiative. This paper outlines resources for increasing productivity, decreasing ...


    By Particle Measuring Systems

  • Is the Rotameter Ready for Retirement in Air Sampling/Monitoring Applications?

    The variable area rotameter has been the primary tool utilized for determination of flowrates passing through the air circuitry pathway of air sampling or air monitoring systems for many years. In air sampling applications a pollutant is captured on a collection medium (filter paper, charcoal cartridge, etc.) and taken to a laboratory for determination of the quantity of pollutant on the ...

  • Use of Diaphragm pumps in Sampling systems

    INTRODUCTION Sample system design can take many forms, influenced by factors including cost, size, maintenance, source conditions, and analyzer requirements – to mention a few. The following discussion takes into account the operating characteristics of a diaphragm pump, and choices that will improve system performance, reduce measurement errors, and lower pump maintenance. Illustrated below are ...


    By Air Dimensions Inc

  • Area Monitoring: Diffusion Sampling

    Indoor and outdoor gas hazards that exist in open areas are usually monitored using diffusion-type sensors. A diffusion sensor has no active sample-drawing system; diffusion sensors rely on the ambient air movement and pressure to deliver the sample to the sensing element. Diffusion-type sensors are a reliable and cost-effective way to monitor open area gas hazards. When installing diffusion ...

  • Sampling High-Pressure Gases

    Abstract This paper describes fundamental relationships between air or gas volume, pressure, and flow, and how these relationships affect particle counting. Also, a simple plumbing technique is offered as an alternative method for occasionally sampling high pressure inert ...


    By Particle Measuring Systems

  • Decontaminating Groundwater Sampling Devices

    These studies are the second part of a two year project that examines decontaminating groundwater sampling devices. In the first year, the efficiency of various decontamination protocols was tested using small test pieces of materials that are commonly used in groundwater sampling devices. Those tests showed that a hot detergent wash and rinse followed by hot air drying (105°C) was the most ...

  • Partial Flow Sampling System For Transient Engine Testing

    For on-highway engine manufacturers, meeting model year 2007 emissions levels represents a major measurement challenge. However, future off-road engine emissions testing requirements are anticipated to include not only lower steady-state emissions levels, but also the possibility of using transient cycle data. As a result, engine manufacturers are seeking more cost-effective methods of ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Particulate partial flow sampling

    The sampling method of the Sierra Instruments Model BG-3 sets the standard for engine particulate emissions measurement protocols of the future sierra instruments In a study at West Virginia University, evidence showed that the Sierra Model BG-3 partial-flow system is equivalent to full-flow CVS. At the August 2008 DEER conference, the university’s Dr Ben Shade presented a paper evaluating ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Teledyne Scientific Instruments - Direct Sampling MS and MS/MS for Real Time Air Monitoring

    Presented at the 44th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry, May 12-16, 1996 Portland, OR. Published in the Proceedings of the 44th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry May 12-16, 1996 Portland, OR, in press. DIRECT SAMPLING MS AND MS/MS FOR REAL TIME AIR MONITORING C. Remigi, P.T. Palmer, Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry, SF State University, SF, CA ...


    By Environics, Inc.

  • Simple protocols for assessing dissolved air flotation systems: quantification of released air, bubble density and cloud patterns

    Dissolved air flotation (DAF) systems are useful for many water treatment applications. Optimizing a DAF system can be very difficult and complicated due to a multitude of variables that contribute to effective separation. Pressure, temperature, retention time and air mixing affect the ability of the saturator to increase air solubility, while baffle heights, flow rates and recycle ratios affect ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Setting the standards for headspace sampling by PID

    The responsiveness of PIDs to virtually all VOCs has seen them become the accepted tool for initial site entry assessment, ensuring optimal detection of unknown and often toxic or hazardous chemicals found at hazardous waste sites and chemical emergencies. The speed and accuracy of modern PID equipment means that many worker and community safety concerns during initial and ongoing operations can ...


    By Ion Science Ltd.

  • Table of Statistical Corrections According to Feller for the BioCapt® Microbial Impactor in Microbial Air Sampling

    Abstract This application note uses the principle that, as the number of viable particles — colony forming units (CFUs) — impact on an agar plate increases, the probability that viable particles will enter unoccupied space decreases. The values within Tables 1 and 2 are shown at flow rates of 25–50 LPM and 100 LPM. BioCapt microbial impactors are used on all Particle ...


    By Particle Measuring Systems

  • Industrial applications – Air analysis in clean air room - Case study

    Context & Challenges To ensure people’s safety and a good repeatability of industrial process, the analysis of ambient air is crucial. Especially, electronic boards are produced in clean air room by complex lithographic process using very reactive chemicals. The nature and concentration of volatile compounds can be different depending on the chemical process and can also vary ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Using the LI-8100 System to Collect Air Samples for Estimating Soil Trace Gas Flux

    Air samples can be collected from the same air stream used to measure soil CO2 flux with the LI-8100 Automated Soil CO2 Flux System, for estimating the flux of trace gas, such as methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O), isotopic species, etc. This application note describes a simple method for obtaining air samples from the LI- ...


    By LI-COR

  • Instrument air case study

    Application Moisture is measured in instrument air to ensure that the air is properly dried. Problem Instrument air is used through-out a facility to protect delicate electronics, instruments, and to operate key process actuators. Many instruments also use instrument air to operate various pneumatic operators they might possess. Too frequently, there is ...


    By AMETEK Process Instruments

  • Indoor air quality problems

    We have a number of employees in our office who have itchy, watery eyes, nasal congestion, headaches, lethargy and trouble concentrating. Most of the affected folks report they feel better at home and worse after they’ve been in the office for about an hour. We had the office tested for mold but nothing remarkable was found. What’s going on? While exposure to molds can certainly ...


    By Atlantic Environmental, Inc.

  • Using Rn-222 to manage the air quality of air conditioned buildings in Hong Kong

    This paper proposes a pragmatic methodology to manage the air quality of an air conditioned building as well as optimizing energy consumption during venting. Radon-222 (Rn-222) is used as a tracer to quantify the specific production rates and resultant losses of pollutants for which the information is important in indoor air quality management. A term, indoor pollutant inventory, is introduced ...


    By SAGE Publications Ltd

  • Selecting an Air Sampler for Bioaerosol Collection

    Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) investigators should select cost effective, efficient and the highest quality samplingequipment for evaluation of indoor environments. Particle impaction onto an adhesive surface (non-viable) or into culture media (viable) are the most widely used techniques to evaluate the presence and levels of airborne bioaerosols, particularly in non-industrial indoor environments. ...

  • Ground Zero Air Quality Has A Long Way To Go! A Summary of Air Quality Testing in Surrounding Buildings

    There are still a wide range of concerns about air quality in the vicinity of Ground Zero. Many commercial and residential spaces have yet to be re-occupied. In only a few cases has any sort of inspection or testing been done to determine if they are safe to occupy. The greatest concerns are asbestos and the very irritating concrete dust that spread throughout lower Manhattan during the collapse ...


    By Atlantic Environmental, Inc.

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