ALARA principle Articles

  • Changing philosophy in ICRP: the evolution of protection ethics and principles

    There has been a 100-year history of the uses of radiation in medicine and industry. Throughout that time, there has also been advice on the need to protect people from the hazards associated with exposure. This paper traces the evolution of protection standards through the differing phases that are identified. These phases reflect changes both in scientific understanding of the biological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The justification and the optimisation principle in international nuclear law: theory and practice

    The purpose of this paper consists of a case study on nuclear law comprising following themes and issues: 1) The role of the law and the courts in today's 'Risk Society'. There is an evolution towards more regulation on prevention and precaution, using general principles such as the Precautionary Principle, Justification and the ALARA Principle (As low as Reasonably Achievable, economic and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The civil liability regime and the system of compensation for nuclear damage (part 2)

    The international, community and national legal framework had to adapt promptly to changes in the use of nuclear energy and to the increasing transports of radioactive material. In fact, the international community realised very early that it was necessary to harmonise the regulations applicable to the transport of nuclear substances. The safety of radioactive material transport is based on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 3-MCPD and glycidol in infant formula

    SpeedExtractor E-916, MultivaporTM P-6: Extraction of 3-MCPD and glycidyl-esters from infant formula Esters of 2- and 3-MCPD (monochloropropanediol) are formed during the refining process of vegetable oils. Therefore, any food that contains vegetable oils can potentially contain 2- or 3-MCPD esters. 3-MCPD has been classified as potentially carcinogenic to humans, whereas glycidol is ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • A risk-risk analysis-based socio-legal abstraction approach to complex decision making in nuclear systems

    Complex risk-based decisions in nuclear systems are largely guided by probabilistic safety assessments and established legal precepts, such as ALARA. Typically, however, there exists a gap between the risk perceptions of experts and those of the public, which adversely affects the societal acceptability of these decisions. Often this gap is amplified by the media and campaign rhetoric, leading to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Properties and Behavior of Radionuclides

    For the purposes of this document, radionuclides should be considered to have properties similar to those of other heavy metals.This does not imply that all radionuclides are heavy metals, but that the majority of sites requiring remediation of radioactively contaminated materials are contaminated with radionuclides that have similar properties. Like metals, the contaminants of concern are ...

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you