alkaline hydrolysis digester Articles

  • Enzymatic kinetic parameters for polyfluorinated alkyl phosphate hydrolysis by alkaline phosphatase

    The hydrolysis kinetics of three polyfluorinated alkyl phosphate monoesters (monoPAPs), differing in fluorinated chain length, were measured using bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase to catalyze the reaction. Kinetic values were also measured for analogous hydrogenated phosphate monoesters to elucidate the effects of the fluorinated chain on the rate of enzymatic hydrolysis. Michaelis ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Effect of thermal alkaline pretreatment on the anaerobic digestion of wasted activated sludge

    The effect of alkaline pretreatment of waste-activated sludge, using two models to study the sequential hydrolysis rates of suspended (Sanders' surface model) and dissolved (Goel's saturation model) solids, on the mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion rate is evaluated. The pretreatment, which reduces the size of the solids, increases the reaction rate by increasing the surface area and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermal hydrolysis pre-treatment for high solids anaerobic digestion

    The City and County of San Francisco completed a two-year pilot study of pre-treatment processes to mesophilic anaerobic digestion for improved biosolids stabilization and production of biosolids suitable for unrestricted reuse (class A biosolids). The results of this effort will help in the design of the new Solids Handling Facility (SHF) at the 11 m3/s Southeast Water Pollution Control Plant ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Biosolids Minimization using Integrated Alkaline Sludge Hydrolysis and Biological Nutrient Removal Process

     ABSTRACT This paper presents a pilot-scale evaluation of an integrated approach to sludge management utilizing a combination of biological nutrient removal and biosolids alkaline hydrolysis, as well as attempts to explore the impact of recycled alkaline hydrolysates on sludge yield and anaerobic digestion. The novel concept of converting an existing conventional activated sludge (CAS) ...

  • Enhancement of waste activated sludge anaerobic digestion by a novel chemical free acid/alkaline pretreatment using electrolysis

    Anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge (WAS) is relatively poor due to hydrolysis limitations. Acid and alkaline pretreatments are effective in enhancing hydrolysis leading to higher methane yields. However, chemical costs often prohibit full-scale application. In this study, 12 V two-chamber electrolysis using an anion exchange membrane alters sludge pH without chemical dosing. pH ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of multi-enzyme and thermophilic bacteria on the hydrolysis of mariculture organic waste (MOW)

    Mariculture organic waste (MOW) is rich in organic matter, which is a potential energy resource for anaerobic digestion. In order to enhance the anaerobic fermentation, the MOW was hydrolyzed by multi-enzyme and thermophilic bacteria. It was advantageous for soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) release at MOW concentrations of 6 and 10 g/L with multi-enzyme and thermophilic bacteria ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prediction of Strutive Formation Potential in EBPR Digested Sludges

    ABSTRACTLow operating costs and less sludge generation associated with EBPR (Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal) have led existing wastewater treatment plants to retrofit their phosphorus removal systems and have encouraged new plants to incorporate EBPR into their design. However, in plants that use anaerobic digestion, the introduction of EBPR may result in the formation of scales of the ...

  • Maize mono-digestion efficiency: results from laboratory tests

    A laboratory experimental campaign was carried out in order to assess the optimal configuration for the anaerobic digestion of a mixture of sweet corn and ensiled maize. Batch hydrolysis tests were conducted at 35 and 55 °C and at four different particle sizes (2, 5, 20 and 50 mm) obtained by manual chopping and sieving. Chemical pre-treatment by 24 h incubation at various acid and alkaline pH ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The whey to renewable energy

    When Tom Wilson with the Pennsylvania State University Cooperative Extension set out to study the feasibility of a community-based anaerobic digester in Mercer County, he initially analyzed processing manure collected from area dairies and food wastes gathered from the local college, nearby prisons and industrial food processors. But the economics of transporting the materials just did not make ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Analytical Testing for Corexit Dispersants Used in the Gulf Spill

    The analysis of various sample matrices (seawater, sediment, tissue) to determine concentrations of Corexit dispersants used in the Gulf spill requires the use of one or more of the components in the dispersant as a tracer. The primary active ingredient (i.e. the primary surfactant) in the Corexit products is Dioctyl Sulfosuccinate Sodium Salt (DOSS). The other primary ingredients function as ...


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