aluminium in water Articles

  • Derivation of a water quality guideline for aluminium in marine waters

    Metal risk assessment of industrialised harbours and coastal marine waters requires the application of robust water quality guidelines to determine the likelihood of biological impacts. Currently there is no such guideline available for aluminium in marine waters. A water quality guideline of 24 μg total Al/L has been developed for aluminium in marine waters based on chronic 10 % inhibition or ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Electrogeneration of aluminium to remove silica in water

    This paper presents the results of a study on electrogeneration of aluminium, as a coagulant to remove silica in make-up water for cooling towers. Three electrochemical systems were tested, two with aluminium electrodes (one with polarity change and another without it), and a third one with aluminium anodes and cathodes of stainless steel. From the obtained results it was concluded that under the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water quality monitoring using trend analysis

    One of the common quality parameters for drinking water is residual aluminium. High doses of residual aluminium in drinking water or water used in the food industry have been proved to be at least a minor health risk or even to increase the risk of more serious health effects, and cause economic losses to the water treatment plant. In this study, the trend index is developed from scaled ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An investigation into a treatment strategy for the Berg River water at the Voëlvlei water treatment plant

    The main aim of this study was to determine a treatment strategy for the Berg River water at the Voëlvlei water treatment plant (WTP). Jar tests were conducted using ferric and aluminium sulphate as coagulants to determine the optimum treatment parameters of the Berg River water and the Voëlvlei WTP raw water. The results for the Voëlvlei WTP raw water and the Berg River water with ferric ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Do aluminium concentrations in drinking water inhibit cultivation of Escherichia coli?

    In spite of reliance on Escherichia coli as an indicator of fecal pollution in water resources, including potable water, relatively little is known of its ecology and persistence. It is particularly important to be able to accurately detect E. coli presence and quantity in treated potable water because of potential human health effects from consumption of contaminated water. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • gaiasafe filter products for drinking water purification - Case Study

    Problem In some water works chlorination of drinking water is used to eliminate mikrobes. Chlorinated water may have disagreable taste and smell. Some water works use aluminium salts to clean the water. This leads to low concentrations of aluminium in drinking water. Today it is known that aluminium may be toxic to men. Old piping installations inside or outside private homes often where ...


    By gaiasafe GmbH

  • Experimental studies on a desalination plant using ocean temperature difference

    A desalination plant of 100 m? per day capacity utilising the thermocline across the ocean depth was commissioned in Kavaratti Island, India during May 2005 and it is operational till date. The flash evaporation of warm surface seawater is followed by the condensation of vapour utilising deep-sea cold water. The plant draws water from 330 m depth at 12?C. A 1 MLD capacity floating plant was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Positron annihilation rates in materials

    The study of positron annihilation rate is one subject of a relatively new method of material structure analysis ? positron annihilation spectroscopy. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) films have been studied by positron annihilation rate measurement. The correlation between annihilation rates and the PET film thickness was established. Similar studies were carried out for aluminium foils and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water pollution · Canarina DESCAR software

    Natural waters contain micro-organism as well as solutes. There is a distinction between ‘pure’ water, meaning water that is fit to drink and pure water that is a single substance. A water pollutant is a substance that prevents the use of water for a specified purpose. The signs of polluted water are obvious. Poor drinking water tastes and smell bad. ...

  • Lab scale study on electrocoagulation defluoridation process optimization along with aluminium leaching in the process and comparison with full scale plant operation

    An excess or lack of fluoride in drinking water is harmful to human health. Desirable and permissible standards of fluoride in drinking water are 1.0 and 1.5 mg/L, respectively, as per Indian drinking water quality standards i.e., BIS 10500, 1991. In this paper, the performance of an electro-coagulation defluoridation batch process with aluminium electrodes was investigated. Different operational ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to Judge the Performance Criteria of Alslag Remover Fluxes

    Next, we will introduce in detail how to judge the performance of slag remover in steelmaking. The performances of aluminium slag remover fluxes are reflected in slag removal effect, usage, dosage and iron loss.   1.Aluminum slag remover fluxes put into aluminium water ladle ...

  • Performance of Moringa oleifera extracts and Sudfloc as coagulant aid in raw water treatment in Mauritius

    Coagulation experiments were done using raw water samples from two treatment plants (herein referred to LMTP and LNTP) in Mauritius in jar tests using Moringa oleifera (MO) extract and Sudfloc. Both coagulant aids reduced alum consumption. Sudfloc was required in low concentration as compared to crude extracts of MO. On samples from LMTP, salt extract of MO (MOSE) was six times more efficient ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Leaching of milled asphalt pavement amended with waste to energy ash

    The environmental suitability of using Waste-to-Energy (WTE) ash as a partial substitute for aggregate in hot-mix asphalt concrete was investigated using a series of leaching lysimeters. Eight samples of processed asphalt concrete manufactured with 25% by weight WTE ash as aggregate were leached using stainless steel lysimeters. A ninth lysimeter contained asphalt without WTE ash. Simulated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preparation and application of a new composite chitosan flocculant

    A new composite chitosan flocculant has been prepared, and its optimal dosage in the treatment of sewage established. It significantly improves the removal of chemical oxygen demand, suspended solids and aluminium ions from water. Compared with the traditional flocculant polyaluminium chloride, the cost of the composite flocculant was lower and it produced less pollution.Keywords: chitosan, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study of metal pollution in Sembrong River, Johor, Malaysia

    Sampling of the Sembrong River over a 9-month period revealed maximum total aluminium (Al), ferum (Fe) and manganese (Mn) concentrations of 61.0, 33.0 and 1.5 mg/L, respectively, and pH as low as 2.5, making it one of the most metal- and acid-contaminated rivers in Malaysia. The river serves as a fresh water source to water treatment plants located at the downstream reach of the river, which ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Genotoxicity & Environmental Pollution

     The Comet assay is playing an increasing role in studies to determine possible links between environmental pollutants and DNA integrity. The assay is an ideal biomarker for such investigations due to its sensitivity and reliability in detecting DNA damage and repair. Many research groups use our Comet ...


    By Instem Group

  • Treatment of drinking water containing iron using Electrocoagulation

    Electrocoagulation (EC) technique was adopted for the treatment of iron containing drinking water using a reactor of 3 l capacity having 1 l liquid volume. Experimental investigation was carried out to observe the effect of different operating parameters such as pH, current density, inter-electrode distance and conductivity on the removal of iron from the iron-rich aqueous solution prepared with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluating alternative aluminium sources for chloride removal from recycled cooling water

    Chloride is important in promoting corrosion in cooling water systems, which leads to reducing the efficiency of heat transfer surfaces and shortening equipment life. Ultra–high lime with aluminium process (UHLA) is a potential new technology that has the ability to remove chloride and sulfate from recycled cooling water in addition to removing the majority of scale–forming compounds. The purpose ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Spatial variability of particle-associated trace elements in the Panuco River discharge area, Gulf of Mexico

    Suspended particulate matter (SPM) was collected in February (stormy season) and in September (rainy season) from surface and bottom waters at 29 sampling points in the coastal area adjacent to where Panuco River discharges into the Gulf of Mexico. The overall average of SPM concentration was 1.89 mg/l with higher concentrations being found in February. There were high correlations of aluminium ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimizing the coagulation process in a drinking water treatment plant – comparison between traditional and statistical experimental design jar tests

    In this study of coagulation operation, a comparison was made between the optimum jar test values for pH, coagulant and coagulant aid obtained from traditional methods (an adjusted one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT) method) and with central composite design (the standard design of response surface methodology (RSM)). Alum (coagulant) and polymer (coagulant aid) were used to treat a water source with ...


    By IWA Publishing

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