ambient air carbon monoxide Articles

  • Carbon Monoxide Levels along Roadway

    This paper predicts and compares the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration levels along Sembulan Road for years 2004 and 2014 using CAL3QHC air dispersion model at two major locations, i.e., at Sembulan Roundabout and Sutera Harbour Intersection, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. The CO concentration “hot-spots” were also identified at Sutera Harbour Intersection, and the highest maximum 1-hr average ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · carbon monoxide · air dispersion · algorithms 20

      Software · carbon monoxide · air dispersion   Press, W., B. Flannery, S. Teukolsky, and W. Vetterling, 1986:   Numerical Recipes, ...

  • A Critical Evaluation of the South African Air Quality Offsets Guideline

    There is wide recognition in South Africa to the link between the quality of life and quality of the air we breathe. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) attempts to improve air quality through two key regulatory tools; emission limits, which regulate the maximum concentration of certain pollutants permissible within certain, ‘listed’ industrial stacks or vents, and ambient ...


    By WKC Group

  • What is the size distribution and sources of particles in ambient air?

    The particle sizes in the ambient air are ranged from 1 nanometer to slightly more than 10 micrometers. There are three modes: coarse, fine and nano. The course mode particles are road dusts, spores and pollens. The minimum sizes of these particles are 1 to 3 micrometers. The fine mode particles are generally secondary particles formed from reactions such as smoke, sulfates, nitrates, ammonium ...

  • Ambient Air Quality in India - An Alarming Report

    Are we mortgage India against air pollution? The answer may be “Yes”. The reason is India has witnessed a phenomenal increase in the number of industries and vehicles in the last decade, along with the mushrooming of cities. As a consequence, there has been a dramatic deterioration in the quality of urban air in most regions of the country particularly in big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkatta ...


  • An ambient air quality monitoring network for Buenos Aires city

    This paper proposes an objective methodology for designing a multi-pollutant urban air-quality monitoring network to detect concentrations greater than reference concentration levels (CL). The network design includes both air quality simulation and an objective analysis based on monitoring tasks. The proposed methodology is applied to the city of Buenos Aires. Pollutants of concern are nitrogen ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of indoor air quality in restaurant kitchens in Tehran with ambient air quality

    Air pollution is a major environmental health problem, affecting developed and developing countries around the world. Although the indoor air database is weak due to the scarcity of monitoring results, these estimates indicate that a serious indoor air problem may exist in developing countries. In developed countries, pollutant concentrations indoors are similar to those outdoors, with the ratio ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Weekday/Weekend Differences in Ambient Air Pollutant Concentrations in Atlanta and the Southeastern United States

    Abstract The authors quantified changes between mean weekday and weekend ambient concentrations of ozone (O3) precursors (volatile organic compounds [VOC], carbon monoxide [CO], nitric oxide, and oxides of nitrogen [NOx]) in Atlanta and surrounding areas to observe how weekend precursor emission levels influenced ambient O3 levels. The authors analyzed CO, nitric oxide (NO), and NOx ...

  • Impact of ambient air temperature and injection timing on reduction of engine out emissions of DI diesel engine operating under the influence of oxygen enriched hydrogen gas

    The present experimental work is a study of the impact of ambient air temperature and the injection timing of diesel fuel on reduction of engine–out emissions of DI diesel engine, operating under the influence of oxygen enriched hydrogen gas. Here the oxygen enriched hydrogen gas was produced by the process of water electrolysis. The produced gas was aspirated into the combustion process of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Carbon Fiber Emission Control Strategies

    Problem Carbon fiber (fibre) and graphite reinforced polymers are materials that have, and will continue to revolutionize the products we use everyday by making them stronger, lighter and more durable. However, the manufacturing process can have serious environmental ramifications and immediate danger to human health if careful consideration is not given to emission control at the ...

  • Air as Clean as the Driven Snow

    While California is the most populated state in the nation, it is also home to some of America’s most natural and pristine wilderness and recreation areas. One such venue is the Snow Summit Ski Resort in Big Bear Lake.  Situated just over two hours from Los Angeles, Snow Summit is a fullservice winter resort that opened in 1952 and operates an average of 142 days a year. ...

  • Urban Air Quality Management

    ' Poor air quality due to pollution is a serious environmental problem in most urban areas. The greatest burden of pollution is on human health. Urban air quality management requires an integrated approach that (i) identifies the most serious problems and measures that offer cost-effective and feasible solutions across a range of economic sectors and pollution sources including industries, ...


    By The World Bank

  • Air quality in Europe — 2012 report

    'Air pollution is bad for our health. It reduces human life expectancy by more than eight months on average and by more than two years in the most polluted cities and regions. Member States must comply with EU air quality standards quickly and reduce air pollutant emissions,' Janez Potočnik, EU Commissioner for the Environment (EU, 2010a). Emissions of air pollutants derive from almost all ...

  • Economic Evaluation of Air Quality Targets for CO and Benzene

    The study is to identify and estimate the costs and benefits of meeting ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide (CO) and benzene in the EU. The study should take the range of scientifically-based limit values for ambient air quality as given and analyze the costs and benefits of attaining these standards. These costs and benefits should be compared with the costs (loss of benefits) of ...

  • Technology: clean air’s unsung hero

    Last year, we celebrated the 40th anniversary of the U.S. Clean Air Act (CAA) and the 20th anniversary of the 1990 Amendments to the CAA. The CAA has been a huge success. From 1990 to 2008, emissions of six common pollutants were down 41%, while gross domestic product grew 64%. Emissions of volatile organic compounds dropped 31%, carbon monoxide dropped 46%, and sulfur dioxide dropped 51%. Lead ...

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Air quality in Europe — 2013 report

    Air quality continues to be a very important issue for public health, the economy and the environment. Europe has significantly cut emissions of several air pollutants in recent decades, greatly reducing emissions and exposure to substances such as sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), benzene (C6H6) and lead (Pb). Despite improvements over several decades, air pollution continues to ...

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • Economic Evaluation of Air Quality Targets for Heavy Metals

    The European Commission has in recent years produced several Directives that aim to regulate air pollution by setting limits for the allowable concentration of pollutants in ambient air. Directives have already been agreed that cover pollutants such as sulphur dioxide, lead and carbon monoxide. For some other pollutants, such as the heavy metals arsenic, cadmium and nickel, the Commission intends ...


  • Air quality in Europe — 2015 report

    Air pollution is both an environmental and a social problem, as it leads to a multitude of adverse effects on human health, ecosystems, the built environment and the climate. Air pollution poses the single largest environmental health risk in Europe today. Air pollutants are emitted from anthropogenic and natural sources; they may be transported or formed over long distances; and they may affect ...

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you