ambient carbon dioxide monitoring Articles

  • Status of black carbon monitoring in ambient air in Europe

    Black carbon (BC) is increasingly discussed in science and environmental policy areas as an example of an air pollutant that affects both human health and contributes to climate change (e.g. WHO, 2012; UNEP/WMO, 2011; Bond et al., 2013; IPCC, 2013). In order to be able to make comparable measurements of BC in ambient air and to relate BC monitoring to health impacts and climate change it is ...

  • A Critical Evaluation of the South African Air Quality Offsets Guideline

    There is wide recognition in South Africa to the link between the quality of life and quality of the air we breathe. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) attempts to improve air quality through two key regulatory tools; emission limits, which regulate the maximum concentration of certain pollutants permissible within certain, ‘listed’ industrial stacks or vents, and ambient ...


    By WKC Group

  • Comparison of indoor air quality in restaurant kitchens in Tehran with ambient air quality

    Air pollution is a major environmental health problem, affecting developed and developing countries around the world. Although the indoor air database is weak due to the scarcity of monitoring results, these estimates indicate that a serious indoor air problem may exist in developing countries. In developed countries, pollutant concentrations indoors are similar to those outdoors, with the ratio ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • Black Carbon – the elephant in the room!

    Traditionally, ambient particulates have been measured gravimetrically according to their size. However, in this article Jim Mills, Managing Director of Air Monitors, will demonstrate that the time has come to change or at least augment the way ambient particulates are monitored and regulated. Air Monitors has supplied most of the UK's ambient monitoring network, but Jim will explain why the ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Gas Detection and Monitoring Systems

    In greenhouse applications, the accurate measurement of a number of environmental parameters such as carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, light intensity, water, humidity, pH and nutrient levels using sophisticated sensors is used to create a controlled environment for optimising plant growth rates while minimising energy usage. Carbon dioxide concentration is also one of the best ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Monitoring Environmental Quality

    ' In order to determine the effectiveness of actions to improve environmental quality it is necessary to be able to measure relevant environmental parameters at a level of detail which is accurate enough to distinguish the anticipated changes. However, the establishment and maintenance of monitoring systems is time-consuming and expensive and therefore the scale of such systems needs to be kept ...


    By The World Bank

  • How Accurate is Your Monitor?

    When you consider the many regulations and guidelines that health and safety officers and first responders are faced with, it is amazing they maintain the ability to detect such a wide variety of hazardous pollutants and toxic agents.  There is no lack of regulations governing how to monitor chemical compounds, and the list grows longer all the time.  New standards for portable gas ...

  • Solo flight tracks global Black Carbon

    On 8th January 2012 a tiny ultra-light aircraft left Ljubljana in Slovenia on a mission to circumvent the globe using the smallest amount of fuel per distance flown whilst recording ambient levels of Black Carbon (BC) – one of the most important measures of air quality in terms of both human health and climate change. UK based particulate monitoring specialist Jim Mills from Air Monitors ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Monitoring pollution in remote regions of Africa case study

    Customer: The South African Weather Service (SAWS) Ecotech’s Distributor: SI Analytics (Pty) Ltd Application: Ambient Air Monitoring in Karoo and Waterberg regions of South Africa Background: Carbon Monoxide and Sulfur Dioxide are among the major pollutants found in cities around the ...


    By Ecotech Pty Ltd

  • A Comparison of Point Sensors and Open Path Monitors For Toxic Gas (esp. HF) Monitoring

    Point Sensors Ion Mobility Spectroscope (IMS) – a gas sample is ionized by a radioactive source (Ni63). Differences in ion drift under the influence of an applied electric field produce a spectrum that is dependent on the mass, charge, and shape of the component ions. The detector signal and strength is tuned to the drift time of the ion of interest (in this case HF) and signal strength is ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Laser gas detector systems for greenhouse gas emissions monitoring

    Two types of portable laser based gas detector for measuring emissions of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) from oil and gas operations are described. A scanning open path detector was developed within a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with the USEPA. This system scans multiple paths across an area source in rapid succession, enabling calculation ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Why the use of a CO2 monitor may not be the best solution for protecting workers against leaks from beverage dispensing systems in the fast food industry

    Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is the primary compressed gas used for dispensing beverages at fast food chains. This gas is also used in restaurants, gas stations, and grocery stores. When CO2 leaks into a confined space or basement, it creates a very unsafe environment for employees because it lowers the concentration of breathable oxygen.  History seems to repeat itself all too often while ...

  • TDLAS Gas Detection Instrumentation

    PKL Technologies Inc. manufactures tunable diode laser (TDLAS) based gas detectors and monitors. Spectra-1 open path gas sensors are used in a variety of environmental and safety remote sensing applications. Spectra-1 gas sensors have been designed in a compact, easy to use, robust and portable format. Spectra-1 has been developed using proprietary hardware and software, to produce a low cost ...


    By PKL Technologies Inc.

  • Study of vehicular emissions with reference to Pakistan's National Environmental Quality Standards: case study of District Swat, North of Pakistan

    This study was conducted during 2011–2012 with the objective to assess the ambient air quality in the surroundings of a newly constructed road in relation to Pakistan's Environmental Quality Standard (Pak–NEQS). The area was monitored twice, before and during the construction, to determine levels of sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxide, carbon monoxide, and PM10 (particulate matter). A ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Role of road side plantation in mitigating vehicular emission: a case study of district Swat, Pakistan

    The objective of this study was to know the effectiveness of different tree species used for road side plantation in mitigating air pollution. The road was divided into four zones, i.e., peaches, poplar, eucalyptus, pine rich and treeless zone. The ambient air was monitored periodically over a period of one year with three month intervals. The data was statistically analysed with analysis of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Air quality in Europe — 2012 report

    'Air pollution is bad for our health. It reduces human life expectancy by more than eight months on average and by more than two years in the most polluted cities and regions. Member States must comply with EU air quality standards quickly and reduce air pollutant emissions,' Janez Potočnik, EU Commissioner for the Environment (EU, 2010a). Emissions of air pollutants derive from almost all ...

  • Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents (PDF)

    Anaerobic enhancement of a shallow confined silty sand aquifer has resulted in a substantial biodegradation of a dissolved Tetrachloroethene (PCE) plume at a former metal finishing facility in Secaucus, New Jersey. The injection of a time-release hydrogen compound (HRC™) rapidly converted ambient aquifer aerobic conditions to anaerobic, and maintained such conditions throughout the 6-month ...


    By REGENESIS

  • If you can`t stand the CO2, get out of the kitchen - part 1

    There are two potentially dangerous types of gas in a commercial kitchen: 1) the flammable ones used for cooking (e.g. methane/natural gas; propane/liquefied petroleum gas); and 2) the noxious, gaseous products of combustion such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons. It would be good to know how to avoid them. But a search for advice on kitchen ventilation threatens to drown the ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

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