ambient monitoring Articles

  • Status of black carbon monitoring in ambient air in Europe

    Black carbon (BC) is increasingly discussed in science and environmental policy areas as an example of an air pollutant that affects both human health and contributes to climate change (e.g. WHO, 2012; UNEP/WMO, 2011; Bond et al., 2013; IPCC, 2013). In order to be able to make comparable measurements of BC in ambient air and to relate BC monitoring to health impacts and climate change it is ...

  • 2 ambient air monitoring stations for Bangladesh

    Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world and its urban areas suffer from air pollution of different levels and it is extremely high in the Dhaka city where the population is about 12 million in 300 km2 of surface area. It has been estimated that air pollution is causing about 15,000 premature deaths and several million cases of illness every year, in the Dhaka city ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Implications of observed and simulated ambient flow in monitoring wells

    The authors of this paper present compelling evidence that conventional monitoring wells act as vertical conduits whenever vertical hydraulic gradients are present (i.e., at most sites). Vertical flow within wells due to natural hydraulic gradients not only makes it impossible to accurately define the vertical distribution of dissolved contaminants within the aquifer, but it can transport ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Simultaneous determination of PM fractions, particle number and particle size distribution in high time resolution applying one and the same optical measurement technique

    Abstract The Fidas fine dust monitoring systems comprise an optical aerosol spectrometer, which is characterized by very good instrument characteristics, and utilize a sophisticated approach to convert the measured information on particle number and particle size into mass concentrations. As monitoring of PM requires reliable and quality-controlled performance of the measuring systems, ...


    By Palas GmbH

  • Ambient Air Sampling Methods

    Pollutants are nothing but any substance that may present in an atmosphere in such a concentration that it may harmful to surrounding, living organism or human being. Sampling and analysis of air pollutants is known as Air quality monitoring and it is major part of environmental monitoring. There are many advanced types of ambient air Sampling methods. we will learn here only which are most ...


    By Perfect Pollucon Services

  • Nitrogen Demand Increases for Semiconductor: How Safe Are You?

    As users demand ever-smaller smartphones and better televisions, semiconductor manufacturing plants are tasked with developing new products faster and using new materials. Key to the continued success of the semiconductor industry are inert gases, which include nitrogen and argon. When used safely, both nitrogen and argon play a number of important roles within the semiconductor ...

  • A Critical Evaluation of the South African Air Quality Offsets Guideline

    There is wide recognition in South Africa to the link between the quality of life and quality of the air we breathe. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) attempts to improve air quality through two key regulatory tools; emission limits, which regulate the maximum concentration of certain pollutants permissible within certain, ‘listed’ industrial stacks or vents, and ambient ...


    By WKC Group

  • An ambient air quality monitoring network for Buenos Aires city

    This paper proposes an objective methodology for designing a multi-pollutant urban air-quality monitoring network to detect concentrations greater than reference concentration levels (CL). The network design includes both air quality simulation and an objective analysis based on monitoring tasks. The proposed methodology is applied to the city of Buenos Aires. Pollutants of concern are nitrogen ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurement of Trace metals in Ambient air case study

    Trace metals are found at low concentration in the ambient environment and are associated with adverse health effects. The gold standard metal measurement is Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES); however, sample preparation is laborious and expensive. The Xact 625 metals monitor uses non-destructive X-ray fluorescence technology. A built-in sample collection system ...


    By Cooper Environmental

  • National Ambient Air Quality Standards Update

    You have seen ALL4 documenting the corresponding evolution of the NAAQS levels since the current U.S. EPA administration started in January 2009, and we will continue to follow them closely and provide you with updates that we think are important to your operations.  The following sections provide updates on the most important NAAQS and how you can plan for them today.  Discusses SO2, ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Understanding ambient air quality instrument operating ranges

    In order to maximize the performance of an air quality monitoring station, careful selection of instrumentations is essential. One of the key issues is to have a good understanding of what pollutants need to be measured and at what concentrations. There are several different types of air quality monitoring, these include: Trace/Background Monitoring This is performed in areas where ...


    By Ecotech Pty Ltd

  • Ambient Air Fence Line Application case study

    Customer: Confidential Application: Ambient air Fenceline application Background: The Victoria Environmental Protection Agency installed an Opsis DOAS open path system to measure Benzene & ...


    By Ecotech Pty Ltd

  • Ambient Air Quality Analysis of Toxic Gases and Priority

    The EPA regional offices who continuously monitor ambient air quality have determined that combustion by-products and automobile exhaust make up the largest source of air pollution throughout the U.S., with more severe conditions existing overseas. Despite concerns about the conditions outdoors, air quality in the workplace and home environment receive even more attention. The EPA’s list of ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Why measuring the ambient NO2 without conversion?

    Nitrogen oxides NOx are pollutants that may have particular impact in terms of greenhouse gases, acidifying air etc ... issuance increased significantly since 1950 with the massive development of transport and industries. It therefore becomes necessary to provide measures always safer these pollutant gases, and to know the reliability of results. Currently, 60% of emissions of NO and NO2 are ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Field demonstration of a near-real-time multi-metals ambient fence line monitor case study

    National emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) are required under Section 112 of the Clean Air Act to limit the release of specified HAPs. Permitting, monitoring and enforcement of these emission limits are an integral part of managing air quality to protect human health and the environment. However, this is difficult and highly uncertain in the case of fugitive emissions ...


    By Cooper Environmental

  • Nitrogen removal and functional bacteria distribution of ANAMMOX at ambient temperature

    In this study, an up-flow anaerobic biofilter (AF) was operated to investigate the efficiency of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) in treating low strength ammonia (46.5 mg/L) at ambient temperatures (20.3–23.2 °C). Microbial compositions and functional populations of the upper (140–190 cm), middle (40–140 cm), and lower (0–40 cm) parts of the biofilter were monitored using scanning ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the test of significant toxicity for determining the toxicity of effluents and ambient water samples

    The test of significant toxicity (TST) is a hypothesis‐testing approach based on bioequivalence developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) for analyzing whole‐effluent toxicity (WET) and ambient toxicity data. The present study compares results of acute and chronic toxicity tests of effluent, storm‐water, and ambient (i.e., receiving‐water) samples using both the TST and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Experiences in the modelling of traffic policy measures for ambient air quality management in Lithuania

    This paper presents the application of the Integrated Transport Effect Modelling System (ITEMS) in the city of Kaunas, Lithuania, taking into consideration some factors such as existing vehicle fleet, traffic flows, and ambient air quality monitoring data. The objective of this study is to estimate the exhausts of CO, NOx, and SO2 released by motor vehicles in relation to predictive traffic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Estimation of number of deaths associated with exposure to excess ambient PM10 air pollution

    The respirable particle matter (PM10) concentration in urban areas has been a chronic cause concern and principal reason for increased morbidity rate among resident population. The present study aimed at estimating a discrete event like mortality rate associated and attributable to excess particulate matter pollution in the Kathmandu Valley area. The Government of Nepal conducts air monitoring of ...

  • An ambient indoor air environment is vital to ensure a safe and healthy workplace

    Indoor air quality (IAQ) relates to a number of environmental factors inside a building that can impinge on the health, comfort, or work performance of the building’s occupants. Monitoring IAQ is vital because it is estimated that the average person spends 90% of their time breathing “indoor air”. Poor IAQ is a contributing factor to both short and long-term health issues, these ...


    By PPM Technology

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