ammonia emissions Articles

  • Reducing NOx in Diesel Emissions | Spectroscopy Solutions

    Air pollution and NOx emissions from diesel engines are a global concern due to their potential impacts on human health. Researchers worldwide are developing new and improved methods to reduce NOx emissions. Infrared spectroscopy in the gas phase, which is made possible using FTIR gas cells from Specac, has an important role to play in this ...


    By Specac Limited

  • EPA Increases Ammonia Emissions Control

    Concern about ammonia emissions in the air and the water continues to grow, both officially and unofficially. As U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) moves to further reduce ammonia concentrations in surface waters, common water treatment methods transform what had been a water pollution problem into an air pollution issue. Earlier this year, EPA released its draft Integrated Risk ...

  • Ammonia emissions from field-simulated cattle defecation and urination

    Received for publication January 11, 2008. Atmospheric ammonia (NH3) is a concern because of its environmental impact. The greatest contribution to atmospheric NH3 comes from agricultural sources. This study quantified NH3 volatilization from cattle defecation and urination on pasture under field conditions in Auburn, Alabama. Treatments consisted of beef feces, dairy feces, dairy urine, and a ...

  • Measurement of ammonia emissions using various techniques in a comparative tunnel study

    A field-based intercomparison study for ammonia measurements was conducted using seven analytical methods. It included sulphuric acid impinger, citric acid denuder, differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), and continuous aqueous extraction followed by measurement of conductivity (Airrmonia). Measurements ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of cattle slurry separation on greenhouse gas and Ammonia emissions during storage

    Storage of cattle slurry leads to emissions of methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), ammonia (NH3), and carbon dioxide (CO2). On dairy farms, winter is the most critical period in terms of slurry storage due to cattle housing and slurry field application prohibition. Slurry treatment by separation results in reduced slurry dry matter content and has considerable potential to reduce gaseous ...

  • Influence of temperature during the initial phase of Composting on biological activity and emission of Ammonia and dinitrogen oxide

    Composting is a robust and cheap biological treatment method useful for all solid biodegradable waste. The performance of composting can vary substantially depending on managing conditions such as oxygen supply and compost temperature. Oxygen and temperature affects the rate of degradation and may also influence emission of NH3 and N2O. The gaseous N losses during composting from organic ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Ammonia emissions from surface flow and subsurface flow constructed wetlands treating dairy wastewater

    Received for publication January 14, 2008. Agricultural wastewater treatment is important for maintaining water quality, and constructed wetlands (CW) can be an effective treatment option. However, some of the N that is removed during treatment can be volatilized to the atmosphere as ammonia (NH3). This removal pathway is not preferred because it negatively impacts air quality. The objective of ...

  • N2O emission in short-cut simultaneous nitrification and denitrification process: dynamic emission characteristics and succession of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria

    A sequencing batch airlift reactor was used to investigate the characteristics of nitrous oxide (N2O) emission and the succession of an ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) community. The bioreactor could successfully switch from the complete simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) process to the short-cut SND process by increasing the influent pH from 7.0–7.3 to 8.0–8.3. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Time-resolved ammonia measurement in vehicle exhaust

    The objective of this study was to identify the influence of sampling and analytical approach on the quality of NH3 emission data of a gasoline-fuelled three-way catalyst vehicle. NH3 concentration measurements have been performed in the tailpipe and in the diluted exhaust after a constant volume sampling (CVS) system during five different test cycles. Chemical ionisation mass spectrometry ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Innovative Ammonia Control - Case study

    Ammonia has increasingly become more of a regulatory concern. Ammonia emissions into the atmosphere have been linked to the formation of fine particulate matter, while ammonia emissions in wastewater are restricted because of the negative affect the chemical has on rivers, lake, and aquifers. Many sources of biofuels contain ammonia or can create ammonia during processing. The following case ...

  • Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from biotrickling filters used for ammonia removal at livestock facilities

    Recently several manufacturers of nitrifying biotrickling filters for ammonia (NH3) removal at animal houses have started to add a denitrification step to the installation, aiming to reduce the amount of discharge water by conversion of NH3 to nitrogen gas (N2). The aim of this research was to quantify the possible formation of nitrous oxide (N2O), which is a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reducing Odor and VOC Emissions

    The Montgomery County Regional Composting Facility (MCRCF) in Silver Spring, Maryland is designed to process 400 wet tons/day of lime amended biosolids from the Blue Plains Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) in Washington, D.C. Recently, political pressures forced operations to cease at the MCRCF. Although the aerated static pile composting plant’s fate has not been completely decided, its owner, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Minimizing ammonia consumption in DeNOx plants – Case Study

    Flue gas denitrification Combustion processes result in emissions that can be harmful to the environment, in particular carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitric oxides (NOx), and dust. Therefore, measures are implemented in power stations and other plants comprising combustion processes to reduce emissions. For flue gas denitrification, besides front-end primary ...

  • Banding of urea increased ammonia volatilization in a dry acidic soil

    Volatilization of ammonia following application of urea contributes to smog formation and degradation of natural ecosystems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of (i) incorporation and banding of urea and (ii) surface broadcast of slow-release urea types on NH3 volatilization in a dry acidic soil. Volatilization was measured using wind tunnels for 25 d after standard urea (140 ...

  • Reaching Euro VI emissions limits

    The requirements of low and lowest detectable exhaust analysis has prompted Eco Physics to launch a broad range of analyzers for NO/NOx detection. Emissions tuning is one of the targets of the EURO VI regulations as well as US EPA 2010, which are: Reduction of Particulate Matter (PM) and reduction of Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). In the past 15 years – since the first European regulation for exhaust ...


    By Eco Physics Inc.

  • Extensions to the emission trading system in Spain

    Climate change is the subject of debate these days derived from the Copenhagen Summit, where the major commitments and agreements have been discussed. In any case, the commitment within the EU is strong and clear for the immediate future. The commitments to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases within the EU framework have as their main flagship the Emission Trading System (ETS) regime established ...

  • Carbon Fiber Emission Control Strategies

    Problem Carbon fiber (fibre) and graphite reinforced polymers are materials that have, and will continue to revolutionize the products we use everyday by making them stronger, lighter and more durable. However, the manufacturing process can have serious environmental ramifications and immediate danger to human health if careful consideration is not given to emission control at the ...

  • Application of the EU Emissions Trading Directive

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the ETS The European Union (EU) emissions trading system (ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments implemented in the EU to achieve its emission reductions objectives in a cost‑effective manner. The EU Emissions Trading Directive (EU, 2003, referred to hereafter as the 'EU ETS Directive'), and in particular Article 21 ...

  • Sensitivity of ozone and aerosols to precursor emissions in Europe

    We modelled the air quality in Europe during January and June 2006 using the MM5/CAMx model system and studied the sensitivity of ozone and aerosol formation to precursor emissions. Increased isoprene emissions by a factor of four in summer caused an increase in afternoon ozone by up to 10%. On the other hand, the effect on secondary organic aerosols (SOA) was very small. Reductions in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can Composting BMPS Reduce Air Emissions?

    Imagine a scenario where all yard trimmings collected for recycling have to be received, processed and composted under the cover of a building. It would be tough for most yard trimmings composting facilities to survive the expense. Yet this situation could have occurred in Southern California. At one point, the South Coast ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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