ammonia measurement in gas Articles

  • Detection of moisture in ammonia gas

    Problem Statement As technologies advance, so does the request for ultra high purity ammonia. Ultra high purity (UHP) ammonia is used in the semiconductor industries, production of flat panel displays, and a number of other applications. Due to this rising interest in UHP ammonia, manufacturers are having to battle ammonia’s most prominent and damaging impurity--moisture. For ...


    By CIC Photonics

  • Time-resolved ammonia measurement in vehicle exhaust

    The objective of this study was to identify the influence of sampling and analytical approach on the quality of NH3 emission data of a gasoline-fuelled three-way catalyst vehicle. NH3 concentration measurements have been performed in the tailpipe and in the diluted exhaust after a constant volume sampling (CVS) system during five different test cycles. Chemical ionisation mass spectrometry ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of cattle slurry separation on greenhouse gas and Ammonia emissions during storage

    Storage of cattle slurry leads to emissions of methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), ammonia (NH3), and carbon dioxide (CO2). On dairy farms, winter is the most critical period in terms of slurry storage due to cattle housing and slurry field application prohibition. Slurry treatment by separation results in reduced slurry dry matter content and has considerable potential to reduce gaseous ...

  • BUMP TESTING AMMONIA (NH3) SENSORS

    Bump testing a gas sensor involves flowing a concentration of gas that is slightly higher than the Low alarm setpoint of the gas detector for a short period of time (1-2 minutes or less). The purpose of a bump test is to confirm that the sensor responds to the presence of gas, the low alarm will activate and the gas detector overall ...

  • Minimizing ammonia consumption in DeNOx plants – Case Study

    Flue gas denitrification Combustion processes result in emissions that can be harmful to the environment, in particular carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitric oxides (NOx), and dust. Therefore, measures are implemented in power stations and other plants comprising combustion processes to reduce emissions. For flue gas denitrification, besides front-end primary ...

  • Biological Removal of Ammonia from Contaminated Air Streams Using Biofiltration System

    ABSTRACT Ammonia is a colorless, toxic, reactive and corrosive gas with a sharp odor. It is irritating to the skin, eyes, nose, throat, and lungs. Ammonia gas occurs in the environment naturally and is emitted by many industries and, therefore, its control is essential. Biofiltration is a new emerging technology that is being used as a control procedure. This study evaluates the use of a ...

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Using the LI-8100 System to Collect Air Samples for Estimating Soil Trace Gas Flux

    Air samples can be collected from the same air stream used to measure soil CO2 flux with the LI-8100 Automated Soil CO2 Flux System, for estimating the flux of trace gas, such as methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O), isotopic species, etc. This application note describes a simple method for obtaining air samples from the LI- ...


    By LI-COR

  • Laser Gas Detector LGD F200

    Laser gas detection with innovative, easy-to-integrate OEM modules Diode Laser based gas detection gains increased interest in the industry as it offers significant benefits in terms of selectivity, stability and low maintenance. Axetris provides innovative gas detector modules as basis for extractive process control systems and for continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). The ...


    By Axetris AG

  • Observation based analysis for the determination of equilibrium time constant between ammonia, acid gases, and fine particles

    Experimental measurements of ammonia, acid gases, and the inorganic components of atmospheric aerosols were made at a commercial hog farm in eastern North Carolina from May 1998 to June 1999 by an annular denuder system (ADS). The ADS consisted of a cyclone separator, one diffusion denuder coated with sodium carbonate, another diffusion denuder with citric acid, and a filter pack containing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Insitu analysis of ammonia slip and water vapor using a tunable diode laser for SCR/SNCR optimization and boiler tube surveillance in power plants

    ABSTRACT Environmental Regulations driven by the 1990 Clean Air Act require Power Plants to reduce NOx emissions. SCR's and SNCR's reduce NOx emission by injecting ammonia into the combustion flue gas. which ideally reacts with the NOx to form H?0 and Nj. The efficiency of the SCR SNCR is determined by monitoring the outlet for excess NH3. referred to as NH3 slip. The flue gas sample ...

  • A preliminary review of gas-to-particle conversion monitoring and modelling efforts in the USA

    Ammonia and inorganic acid gases emitted from livestock and poultry operations, manure treatment, handling and application can affect air quality by the formation of secondary fine particles. The process of gas-to-particle conversion (GTPC) of relatively short-lived gaseous ammonia to more persistent fine particles can affect local and regional air quality far away from the agricultural sources. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • FTIR gas analysis improves container safety

    Introduction Entry to freight containers represents a significant hazard to staff responsible for inspection, stuffing or destuffing because of the large number of airborne chemicals that can be present. Research in Germany and the Netherlands found hazardous levels of gases and vapours in around 20% of all containers and this level of contamination is now accepted as commonplace. It ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Gas turbine compliance emissions test case study

    CKwas retained by Lake Road Generating Company, LP (Lake Road) to conduct a compliance emissions test program on three combustion turbine and heat recovery steam generators (CT/HRSG). The purpose of this program is to demonstrate that emissions from the CT/HRSGs are within the emission limits specified in the operating permit issued by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection ...


    By CK Environmental, Inc.

  • Shale Gas spawns investment in related sectors

    In a book recently released by the RTI Press, Shale Gas: the Promise and the Peril (www.rti.org/shalegasbook), author Vikram Rao details the economic rewards from shale gas development. He also underlines the environmental risks ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By ENVEA

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By ENVEA

  • N-Tox® prevents activated sludge failure and monitors greenhouse gas emissions

    A new technique for evaluating nitrification efficiency in industrial and municipal activated sludge systems is described that uses direct measurement of dinitrogen oxide, an important greenhouse gas, as an indicator of nitrification failure. Developed at Water Innovate, N-Tox® helps control ammonia levels in treated effluent by providing an early warning of wastewater treatment failure. The ...


    By Clarity Authoring

  • Wastewater Treatment Plant Monitors Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Globally, little attention is paid to gaseous emissions from wastewater treatment processes. This contrasts greatly with the regulatory monitoring that is applied to the quality of water emissions from such facilities. However, in Helsinki, Finland, a large municipal wastewater treatment facility continuously monitors its emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to help in the city’s efforts to ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Gas Analysis Improves Container Safety - Case study

    Entry to freight containers represents a significant hazard to staff responsible for inspection, stuffing or destuffing because of the large number of airborne chemicals that can be present. Research in Germany and the Netherlands found hazardous levels of gases and vapours in around 20 percent of all containers and this level of contamination is now accepted as commonplace. ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

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