ammonia water analysis Articles

  • Exergy analysis of an ammonia?water absorption system

    Exergy analysis of an ammonia?water absorption system for cooling applications is presented in this paper. Exergy destruction rate and heat rate in each component of the system are evaluated. From the results obtained it can be concluded that the evaporator and condenser heat loads and exergy destruction rate are less than those of the absorber and generator. This is due to the heat of mixing in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energetic and exergetic analysis of a commercial ammonia?water absorption chiller

    The results of an energetic and exergetic analysis of a commercial water/ammonia air-cooled absorption chiller with a cooling capacity of 10 kW are presented and discussed. The comparison with a conventional-single effect chiller operating under the same conditions shows that to reach similar performances to those of pre-absorber equipped installation an additional heat transfer area in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative exergy analysis of ammonia–water based Rankine cycles with and without regeneration

    Power generation systems using an ammonia–water mixture instead of water as working fluid have attracted much research interest over the past 20 years, since they have a potential to convert more energy in low–grade heat source into power and to improve the power generating processes in several ways. In this work comparative exergy analysis based on the second law of thermodynamics is carried out ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Determination of Ammonia and Nitrogen

    Customer: CAE Grand Ouest, France CAE is a laboratory of the Veolia Group located in Western France. The laboratory is specializing in environmental analysis, especially in water and soil analysis. Application: Determination of Ammonia and TKN in waste water and soil Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) and Ammonia are common parameters for the evaluation of ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Reducing NOx in Diesel Emissions | Spectroscopy Solutions

    Air pollution and NOx emissions from diesel engines are a global concern due to their potential impacts on human health. Researchers worldwide are developing new and improved methods to reduce NOx emissions. Infrared spectroscopy in the gas phase, which is made possible using FTIR gas cells from Specac, has an important role to play in this ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Insitu analysis of ammonia slip and water vapor using a tunable diode laser for SCR/SNCR optimization and boiler tube surveillance in power plants

    ABSTRACT Environmental Regulations driven by the 1990 Clean Air Act require Power Plants to reduce NOx emissions. SCR's and SNCR's reduce NOx emission by injecting ammonia into the combustion flue gas. which ideally reacts with the NOx to form H?0 and Nj. The efficiency of the SCR SNCR is determined by monitoring the outlet for excess NH3. referred to as NH3 slip. The flue gas sample ...

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • On line analysis of organic in water case study

    Introduction On line chemical analysis has been developed significantly thanks to digital electronics' use of microprocessors together with the application of sophisticated and accurate analytical techniques. The result of this combination is readily available technology which allows for on line performance of almost any analytical determination for quality control which is ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Risk analysis of seasonal stream water quality management

    Seasonal discharge programs, which take advantage of temporal variation of stream assimilative capacity, are cost effective. However, these seasonal discharge control programs should not increase the risk of water quality violations. A method is presented to estimate the allowable pollutant loads under both seasonal and non-seasonal discharge control programs for a single discharger that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Risk analysis of seasonal stream water quality management

    Seasonal discharge programs, which take advantage of temporal variation of stream assimilative capacity, are cost effective. However, these seasonal discharge control programs should not increase the risk of water quality violations. A method is presented to estimate the allowable pollutant loads under both seasonal and non-seasonal discharge control programs for a single discharger that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of trends in water quality: constructed wetlands in metropolitan Taipei

    Meandering through the most densely populated metropolitan areas of Taipei, Taiwan, the Danshui River and its tributaries have undergone the construction of 14 wetlands since 2004, as a means to improve water quality. This study was conducted to examine the functional capabilities associated with treating non-point source pollution through these riparian wetlands. Trend analysis was used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Discriminant analysis application in spatiotemporal evaluation of water quality in South Florida

    The discriminant analysis (DA) method was used to differentiate and classify the water quality of three major rivers in South Florida. In this study, DA was used to assess the water quality and evaluate the spatial and temporal variations in surface water quality in South Florida. DA, as an important data reduction method, was used to assess the water pollution status and analysis of its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implementation of an automatic and miniature on-line multi-parameter water quality monitoring system and experimental determination of chemical oxygen demand and ammonia-nitrogen

    An automatic, miniature and multi-parameter on-line water quality monitoring system based on a micro-spectrometer is designed and implemented. The system is integrated with the flow-batch analysis and spectrophotometric detection method. The effectiveness of the system is tested by measuring chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia-nitrogen in water. The results show that the modified system ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced gas analysis - on the go

    The field of ambient air analysis - monitoring industrial and other environments for harmful concentrations of gases - has traditionally faced a technology limitations: Would you prefer a complete and reliable tool, which will be bulky, complicated and inconvenient? Or would you like a nice portable one that's simple and lightweight, but unreliable and limited in its capability? Truly complete ...


    By HHCS Handheld USA Inc.

  • Abundance and diversity of ammonia-oxidizing archaea and bacteria on biological activated carbon in a pilot-scale drinking water treatment plant with different treatment processes

    The effects of different placements of rapid sand filtration on nitrification performance of BAC treatment in a pilot-scale plant were evaluated. In this plant, rapid sand filtration was placed after ozonation-BAC treatment in Process (A), while it preceded ozonation-BAC treatment in Process (B). Analysis of amoA genes of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and bacteria (AOB) combined with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantitative and qualitative effects of bioaugmentation on ammonia oxidisers at a two-step WWTP

    Large waste water treatment plants (WWTP) often operate nitrification in two different process environments: the cold-dilute sewage is treated in the mainstream nitrification/denitrification system, while the high strength ammonia liquors from sludge dewatering are treated in a separate high temperature reactor (SBR). This study investigates transfer from nitrifier biomass into a two-stage WWTP, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multivariate analysis of the transport in an Ion Exchange Membrane Bioreactor for removal of anionic micropollutants from drinking water

    The present study focuses on investigating the effects of biological compartment conditions on the transport of nitrate and perchlorate in an Ion Exchange Membrane Bioreactor (IEMB). In this hybrid process, the transport depends not only on the membrane properties but also on the biological compartment conditions. The experiments were planned according to the Plackett-Burman statistical design in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exergy analysis of a diffusion absorption refrigeration system

    An energetic and exergetic study on a diffusion absorption refrigerator (DAR) is presented in this paper. It uses ammonia as the refrigerant, water as the absorbent and hydrogen as the auxiliary gas. A computer model has been developed to calculate the thermodynamic properties of all state points, heat flow rates, exergy losses and COP degradation in each component of the system. The system ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Decentralized Water Reuse

    Water is an integral part of our society today. This vital resource is used in the operations of many industrial processes, human consumption, and for food production to name just a few. The increasing demands for water for agricultural, drinking and industrial processes has put significant strain on global fresh water supplies as the world's population continues to grow. In many parts of the ...

  • Water Quality Models

    ' In order to determine the impacts of a particular discharge on ambient water quality, it is usually necessary to model the diffusion and dispersion of the discharge in the relevant water body. The approach applies both to new discharges and to upgrading of existing sources. This note provides guidance on models that may be applicable in the context of typical Bank projects.' Introduction ...


    By The World Bank

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you