ammunition Articles

  • Ammunition Manufacturing

    An ammunition manufacturing facility was having problems removing copper and zinc from their 900 gpm wastewater system. The process used lime to raise the pH from 1.5 to 10, sodium carbamate for a metal precipitant, and an anionic flocculant to increase the flock size and get the solids to settle in the clarifier. Current chemical costs are estimated at $225,000/year with a significant amount of ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)Burlington, Iowa, USA Project Full-Scale Bioremediation of Organic Explosive Impacted Soil Summary RDX, an organic explosive (Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine), was the primary contaminant of concern at IAAP, due to its high initial concentration relative to its remedial goal of 53 mg/kg. Initial RDX concentrations ranged from 819 mg/kg to ...


  • Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP)

    Wilmington, Illinois, USA Project Bioremediation of Soil Containing Organic Explosives Summary DARAMEND® bioremediation effectively reduced the concentrations of TNT, DNT and Tetryl during two separate pilot-scale demonstrations on contaminated soil from the JAAP. DARAMEND® bioremediation was also effectively applied during a full-scale (3,000 ton) ...


  • If lead ammunition is bad for people and the environment, why do we still use it?

    Concerns about regulation, skepticism about the science and misperceptions about costs are slowing the transition to nontoxic alternatives. Andrea Goodnight knows firsthand what lead poisoning looks like. A veterinarian at the Oakland Zoo, Goodnight treats endangered California condors when testing shows dangerous levels of the toxic metal in their blood. If ...


    By Ensia

  • Full Scale Bioremediation of Organic Explosive Impacted Soil at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    Battelle - Seventh In-Situ and On-Site Bioremediation SymposiumOrlando, Florida, June 2-5, ...


  • Full-Scale Bioremediation of Organic Explosive-Contaminated Soil

    Untitled Document In August 2001, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) initiated full-scale bioremediation of 6,000 yd3 of organic explosive-impacted soil at the Iowa ...


  • Using k0-UNAA for the determination of depleted uranium in the moss biomonitoring technique

    The use of ammunition containing depleted uranium (DU) in several military actions is of growing health concern to the population related to the risk arising from contamination of the environment with DU penetrators and dust. Environmental monitoring of uranium and its isotopic ratios therefore become important parameters since they allow for source identification. Neutron activation analysis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Brownfield development - Biotechnology cleans contaminated soil

    The Tooele Army Depot (TEAD) is in Tooele, Tooele County, Utah, 35 miles southwest of Salt Lake City. It consists of two separate areas, the North Area and the South Area. The North Area covers about 25,000 acres in Tooele Valley south and west of Tooele. Since 1943, TEAD has had a fourfold mission: store ammunition, demilitarize ammunition, rebuild military equipment and store military ...


  • A Tale of Two Sites - Enhanced Bioremediation of Explosives Impacted Soils

    The problem with OE compounds in soil A variety of organic explosive (OE) compounds have been used for military, geological and industrial applications throughout North America, and in most industrialized nations. During their manufacture, formulation and storage, these compounds have migrated to the soil. Compounds such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine ...


  • Field-scale reduction of TNT and RDX concentrations in soil

    The Tooele Army Depot (TEAD) is in Tooele, Tooele County, Utah, 35 miles southwest of Salt Lake City. It consists of two separate areas, the North Area and the South Area. The North Area covers about 25,000 acres in Tooele Valley south and west of Tooele.Since 1943, TEAD has had a fourfold mission: store ammunition, demilitarize ammunition, rebuild military equipment, and store military ...


  • Engineers Benefit from Geotube Stacking Technology & Analysis - Case Study

    Stacking Geobag units makes projects previously thought impossible, possible. Since 1962, Geotube  technology has protected countless shorelines and provided low cost, high volume dewatering solutions to companies all overthe world. Starting off as a single layer unit designed for shoreline erosion protection, Geotube structures have been developed and improved for more than 40 ...

  • DOD Compares Benefits of Active and Semi-Passive Biobarriers

    Current ESTCP demonstrations are examining design, construction, and performance elements of a semi-passive barrier at the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) in Karnack, TX, and those of an active barrier at the Navy Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant (NIROP) in West Valley City, UT. DOD’s upcoming guidance manual for characterizing and remediating perchlorate-contaminated ground water will ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Demilitarization of nitrocellulose propellant case study

    Engagement Details Client: Department of the Army Site: Indiana Army Ammunition Plant (“AAP”), Indiana Task: Dissolution and neutralization of nitrocellulose (“NC”) propellant Date: October 2010 Situation Indiana AAP is comprised of 10,649 acres and has been in operation since 1941. The facilities produced large ...


    By Planteco, Inc

  • Remediation of Explosives in Soil - Case Study

    Client: Department of the Army, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Site: Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant (“AAP”), Ohio Task: In-situ Rapid Chemical Degradation of Munitions Constituents in Soil by MuniRem® Date: October 2009 Situation The test site is an inactive and ...


    By Planteco, Inc

  • Hot Gas Decontamination

    Introduction: The process involves raising the temperature of the contaminated equipment or material to 260 °C (500 °F) for a specified period of time. The gas effluent from the material is treated in an afterburner system to destroy all volatilized contaminants. The method eliminates a waste that currently is stockpiled and requires disposal as a hazardous material. This method will permit ...

  • Slurry Phase Biological Treatment

    Slurry phase biological treatment involves the controlled treatment of excavated soil in a bioreactor. The excavated soil is first processed to physically separate stones and rubble. The soil is then mixed with water to a predetermined concentration dependent upon the concentration of the contaminants, the rate of biodegradation, and the physical nature of the soils. Some processes pre-wash the ...

  • Bioremediating Explosives Contaminated Soil

    From the beginning of World War II until the 1970s, the site that is now the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, Indiana (NSWC-Crane) was the home of a major bomb manufacturing operation. Explosive compounds such as TNT, Royal Demolition Explosives (RDX) and Her Majesty’s Explosive (HMX) were handled loose and drifted through air vents. Often, the material settled on the roofs of buildings, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Executive Order 13514 on federal sustainability

    How does this climate change order differ from Bush era orders?It is said that the federal government is the largest consumer of energy in the United States. As such we can deduce that it is one of the biggest contributors to the problem of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and a significant contributor to the problem of global climate change. The executive order on climate change was issued shortly ...


    By Verisae

  • Engineers Benefit from Geotube Stacking Technology & Analysis - Case Study

    Stacking Geobag units makes projects previously thought impossible, possible. Since 1962, Geotube  technology has protected countless shorelines and provided low cost, high volume dewatering solutions to companies all over the world. Starting off as a single layer unit designed for shoreline erosion protection, Geotube structures have been developed and improved for more than 40 ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Explosives in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    Explosives-contaminated process waste waters can be subdivided into two categories: red water, which comes strictly from the manufacture of TNT, and pink water, which includes any washwater associated with load, assemble, and pack (LAP) operations or with the demilitarization of munitions involving contact with finished explosive. Despite their names, red and pink water cannot be identified by ...

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