ammunition Articles

  • If lead ammunition is bad for people and the environment, why do we still use it?

    Concerns about regulation, skepticism about the science and misperceptions about costs are slowing the transition to nontoxic alternatives. Andrea Goodnight knows firsthand what lead poisoning looks like. A veterinarian at the Oakland Zoo, Goodnight treats endangered California condors when testing shows dangerous levels of the toxic metal in their blood. If ...


    By Ensia

  • Ammunition Manufacturing

    An ammunition manufacturing facility was having problems removing copper and zinc from their 900 gpm wastewater system. The process used lime to raise the pH from 1.5 to 10, sodium carbamate for a metal precipitant, and an anionic flocculant to increase the flock size and get the solids to settle in the clarifier. Current chemical costs are estimated at $225,000/year with a significant amount of ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Using k0-UNAA for the determination of depleted uranium in the moss biomonitoring technique

    The use of ammunition containing depleted uranium (DU) in several military actions is of growing health concern to the population related to the risk arising from contamination of the environment with DU penetrators and dust. Environmental monitoring of uranium and its isotopic ratios therefore become important parameters since they allow for source identification. Neutron activation analysis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Engineers Benefit from Geotube Stacking Technology & Analysis - Case Study

    Stacking Geobag units makes projects previously thought impossible, possible. Since 1962, Geotube  technology has protected countless shorelines and provided low cost, high volume dewatering solutions to companies all overthe world. Starting off as a single layer unit designed for shoreline erosion protection, Geotube structures have been developed and improved for more than 40 ...

  • New FRP-casing for a decanter centrifuge at Lubrizol Advanced Materials Resin B.V., The Netherlands - Case Study

    Bulletproof innovation Lubrizol, a highly advanced chemicals manufacturer, was experiencing severe corrosion in the case of one of its decanter centrifuges. In theory, the centrifuge's titanium grade 2 case and rotating assembly should have been able to withstand the hydrochloric acid that passed through the centrifuge. The challenge: Develop a ...

  • Electric forklift

    Electric forklift is a forklift that operates by electricity, most of which are operated by storage battery. Storage batteries are one kind of batteries. Their function is to store limited electric energy and use it in suitable places. Its working principle is to convert chemical energy into electrical energy. This kind of battery is also contained in the battery of electric forklift truck. Note: ...

  • Hot Gas Decontamination

    Introduction: The process involves raising the temperature of the contaminated equipment or material to 260 °C (500 °F) for a specified period of time. The gas effluent from the material is treated in an afterburner system to destroy all volatilized contaminants. The method eliminates a waste that currently is stockpiled and requires disposal as a hazardous material. This method will permit ...

  • Demand Planning Breaks Down During Recessions

    In 2010, I talked to a supply chain executive from a consumer electronics accessories company who mentioned the terrible return on investment he had gotten from implementing a demand planning solution. I was surprised. Most of the time I hear about pay back periods of less than two years from implementing supply chain solutions. He pointed out that the implementation had occurred during the great ...


    By LLamasoft, Inc.

  • MSHA Update: June Impact Inspection Results and More

    The summer is often a slow time for industry updates. Not so for the United States Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) this year. From the results of their June impact inspections and the legacy of the Upper Big Branch explosion, to the discussions around a new proposed rule and their upcoming 40th anniversary, MSHA’s been keeping busy. Here are the highlights. The ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • DOD Compares Benefits of Active and Semi-Passive Biobarriers

    Current ESTCP demonstrations are examining design, construction, and performance elements of a semi-passive barrier at the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) in Karnack, TX, and those of an active barrier at the Navy Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant (NIROP) in West Valley City, UT. DOD’s upcoming guidance manual for characterizing and remediating perchlorate-contaminated ground water will ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Slurry Phase Biological Treatment

    Slurry phase biological treatment involves the controlled treatment of excavated soil in a bioreactor. The excavated soil is first processed to physically separate stones and rubble. The soil is then mixed with water to a predetermined concentration dependent upon the concentration of the contaminants, the rate of biodegradation, and the physical nature of the soils. Some processes pre-wash the ...

  • Engineers Benefit from Geotube Stacking Technology & Analysis - Case Study

    Stacking Geobag units makes projects previously thought impossible, possible. Since 1962, Geotube  technology has protected countless shorelines and provided low cost, high volume dewatering solutions to companies all over the world. Starting off as a single layer unit designed for shoreline erosion protection, Geotube structures have been developed and improved for more than 40 ...

  • Importance of Indigenous Solutions for Underwater Defence

    On 19 September 2018, Professor Hayrettin KÖYMEN, one of the leading researchers in underwater acoustics in the World, gave a talk at the Kudenfor forum on the ‘Latest Paradigms in Underwater Acoustics and Sonar Technologies’’. One of the key takeaways of the talk was that since the 1960s, the acoustic research in the world was not public and has been kept secret from ...


    By Hoytek

  • Executive Order 13514 on federal sustainability

    How does this climate change order differ from Bush era orders?It is said that the federal government is the largest consumer of energy in the United States. As such we can deduce that it is one of the biggest contributors to the problem of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and a significant contributor to the problem of global climate change. The executive order on climate change was issued shortly ...


    By Accruent

  • EHS enforcement corner

    As EHS regulatory activity continues to grow, enforcement activity continues around the world. This month, Enhesa would like to first showcase the US OSHA’s top ten most frequently cited violations of the 2011 fiscal year. This report is a useful guidance to EHS Managers around the globe for reviewing hazard areas and preventing accidents or injuries as we turn into the new year. As seen ...

  • Screen classifying cutter allows recycling of tungsten heavy alloys

    Aerojet Ordnance Tennessee, a wholly owned subsidiary of aerospace and defense contractor Aerojet General, fabricates parts from tungsten heavy alloys and other refractory metals for defense-related products like ammunition, warheads and electronic shielding. The company also produces components for sporting goods and other end-uses, though defense accounts for about 80% of its business. ...

  • So Your Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Monitoring Plan is Complete... Now What?!?

    U.S. EPA's Greenhouse Gas Mandatory Reporting Rule (GHG MRR) codified at 40 CFR Part 98 required that facilities subject to the rule have a complete written GHG Monitoring Plan by April 1, 2010. At a minimum, the GHG Monitoring Plan must identify (1) methods used to collect GHG emissions information and supporting data, (2) personnel responsible for collecting the data, and (3) quality assurance, ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Phytoremediation - I

    Introduction Phytoremediation is a process that uses plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, and destroy contaminants in soil and sediment. The mechanisms of phytoremediation include enhanced rhizosphere biodegradation, phyto-extraction (also called phyto-accumulation), phyto-degradation, and phyto-stabilization. Enhanced Rhizosphere Biodegradation Enhanced ...

  • `A pack in your pocket and a cigarette in your mouth`

    Not only did he smoke, but he was required to smoke - on the job. Jim McEvoy told this to Firm principal, Victoria Edises, twenty years ago, long before the secret documents of the tobacco industry had been made public.       Back then, when asbestos plaintiffs' attorneys were emboldened to sue tobacco companies, they were overwhelmed with motions, interrogatories and ...

  • US red river army depot’s hazardous materials management system (HMMS) achieves stellar record with state agency

    The United States Army’s Red River Army Depot (RRAD), located in the northeast corner of Texas, is a 600,000 square foot production complex located on more than 18,000 acres of land among 1,400 buildings. It serves as an ammunition depot storage site and maintenance facility for the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, Multiple Launch Rocket System, and combat tactical wheeled vehicles. In addition, ...


    By IHS Markit

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