ammunition Articles

  • Ammunition Manufacturing

    An ammunition manufacturing facility was having problems removing copper and zinc from their 900 gpm wastewater system. The process used lime to raise the pH from 1.5 to 10, sodium carbamate for a metal precipitant, and an anionic flocculant to increase the flock size and get the solids to settle in the clarifier. Current chemical costs are estimated at $225,000/year with a significant amount of ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • If lead ammunition is bad for people and the environment, why do we still use it?

    Concerns about regulation, skepticism about the science and misperceptions about costs are slowing the transition to nontoxic alternatives. Andrea Goodnight knows firsthand what lead poisoning looks like. A veterinarian at the Oakland Zoo, Goodnight treats endangered California condors when testing shows dangerous levels of the toxic metal in their blood. If ...


    By Ensia

  • Using k0-UNAA for the determination of depleted uranium in the moss biomonitoring technique

    The use of ammunition containing depleted uranium (DU) in several military actions is of growing health concern to the population related to the risk arising from contamination of the environment with DU penetrators and dust. Environmental monitoring of uranium and its isotopic ratios therefore become important parameters since they allow for source identification. Neutron activation analysis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Engineers Benefit from Geotube Stacking Technology & Analysis - Case Study

    Stacking Geobag units makes projects previously thought impossible, possible. Since 1962, Geotube  technology has protected countless shorelines and provided low cost, high volume dewatering solutions to companies all overthe world. Starting off as a single layer unit designed for shoreline erosion protection, Geotube structures have been developed and improved for more than 40 ...

  • DOD Compares Benefits of Active and Semi-Passive Biobarriers

    Current ESTCP demonstrations are examining design, construction, and performance elements of a semi-passive barrier at the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) in Karnack, TX, and those of an active barrier at the Navy Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant (NIROP) in West Valley City, UT. DOD’s upcoming guidance manual for characterizing and remediating perchlorate-contaminated ground water will ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Bioremediating Explosives Contaminated Soil

    From the beginning of World War II until the 1970s, the site that is now the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, Indiana (NSWC-Crane) was the home of a major bomb manufacturing operation. Explosive compounds such as TNT, Royal Demolition Explosives (RDX) and Her Majesty’s Explosive (HMX) were handled loose and drifted through air vents. Often, the material settled on the roofs of buildings, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Hot Gas Decontamination

    Introduction: The process involves raising the temperature of the contaminated equipment or material to 260 °C (500 °F) for a specified period of time. The gas effluent from the material is treated in an afterburner system to destroy all volatilized contaminants. The method eliminates a waste that currently is stockpiled and requires disposal as a hazardous material. This method will permit ...

  • Slurry Phase Biological Treatment

    Slurry phase biological treatment involves the controlled treatment of excavated soil in a bioreactor. The excavated soil is first processed to physically separate stones and rubble. The soil is then mixed with water to a predetermined concentration dependent upon the concentration of the contaminants, the rate of biodegradation, and the physical nature of the soils. Some processes pre-wash the ...

  • Engineers Benefit from Geotube Stacking Technology & Analysis - Case Study

    Stacking Geobag units makes projects previously thought impossible, possible. Since 1962, Geotube  technology has protected countless shorelines and provided low cost, high volume dewatering solutions to companies all over the world. Starting off as a single layer unit designed for shoreline erosion protection, Geotube structures have been developed and improved for more than 40 ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Explosives in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    Explosives-contaminated process waste waters can be subdivided into two categories: red water, which comes strictly from the manufacture of TNT, and pink water, which includes any washwater associated with load, assemble, and pack (LAP) operations or with the demilitarization of munitions involving contact with finished explosive. Despite their names, red and pink water cannot be identified by ...

  • Executive Order 13514 on federal sustainability

    How does this climate change order differ from Bush era orders?It is said that the federal government is the largest consumer of energy in the United States. As such we can deduce that it is one of the biggest contributors to the problem of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and a significant contributor to the problem of global climate change. The executive order on climate change was issued shortly ...


    By Verisae

  • So Your Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Monitoring Plan is Complete... Now What?!?

    U.S. EPA's Greenhouse Gas Mandatory Reporting Rule (GHG MRR) codified at 40 CFR Part 98 required that facilities subject to the rule have a complete written GHG Monitoring Plan by April 1, 2010. At a minimum, the GHG Monitoring Plan must identify (1) methods used to collect GHG emissions information and supporting data, (2) personnel responsible for collecting the data, and (3) quality assurance, ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Solutions for removing arsenic from drinking water

    Arsenic, a metalloid element, is found in many naturally occurring compounds. In its inorganic form, arsenic is toxic. Arsenic occurs naturally in some groundwater supplies worldwide, including in the drinking water supplies in parts of Taiwan, Japan, Bangladesh, and western South America. This is causing health problems, according to the American Cancer Society. Albuquerque, New Mexico, is the ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • EHS enforcement corner

    As EHS regulatory activity continues to grow, enforcement activity continues around the world. This month, Enhesa would like to first showcase the US OSHA’s top ten most frequently cited violations of the 2011 fiscal year. This report is a useful guidance to EHS Managers around the globe for reviewing hazard areas and preventing accidents or injuries as we turn into the new year. As seen ...

  • Phytoremediation - I

    Introduction Phytoremediation is a process that uses plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, and destroy contaminants in soil and sediment. The mechanisms of phytoremediation include enhanced rhizosphere biodegradation, phyto-extraction (also called phyto-accumulation), phyto-degradation, and phyto-stabilization. Enhanced Rhizosphere Biodegradation Enhanced ...

  • Phytoremediation - II

    Introduction: Phytoremediation is a set of processes that uses plants to clean contamination in ground water and surface water. There are several ways plants can be used for the phytoremediation. These mechanisms include enhanced rhizosphere biodegradation, hydraulic control, phyto-degradation and phyto-volatilization. Enhanced Rhizosphere Biodegradation Enhanced ...

  • Thermal Treatment Technologies

    Hot gas decontamination: Hot gas decontamination is a technology still in the pilot-scale of development that can be used for decontamination of explosives-contaminated masonry or metallic structures. The method involves sealing and insulating the structures, heating with hot gas stream to 260 °C (500 °F) for a prescribed period of time, volatilizing the explosive contaminants, and destroying ...

  • MSHA Update: June Impact Inspection Results and More

    The summer is often a slow time for industry updates. Not so for the United States Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) this year. From the results of their June impact inspections and the legacy of the Upper Big Branch explosion, to the discussions around a new proposed rule and their upcoming 40th anniversary, MSHA’s been keeping busy. Here are the highlights. The ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • Screen classifying cutter allows recycling of tungsten heavy alloys

    Aerojet Ordnance Tennessee, a wholly owned subsidiary of aerospace and defense contractor Aerojet General, fabricates parts from tungsten heavy alloys and other refractory metals for defense-related products like ammunition, warheads and electronic shielding. The company also produces components for sporting goods and other end-uses, though defense accounts for about 80% of its business. ...

  • US red river army depot’s hazardous materials management system (HMMS) achieves stellar record with state agency

    The United States Army’s Red River Army Depot (RRAD), located in the northeast corner of Texas, is a 600,000 square foot production complex located on more than 18,000 acres of land among 1,400 buildings. It serves as an ammunition depot storage site and maintenance facility for the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, Multiple Launch Rocket System, and combat tactical wheeled vehicles. In addition, ...


    By IHS Markit

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